The Bible

 

Amos 4

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Hør dette ord, I Basan-kyrSamarias fjell, I som undertrykker de ringe, som knuser de fattige, som sier til eders menn: Kom med vin, så vi får drikke!

2 Herren, Israels Gud, har svoret ved sin hellighet: Se, dager kommer over eder da I skal slepes bort med haker, og den siste levning av eder med fiskekroker,

3 og I skal gå ut gjennem murbruddene, hver rett frem for sig, og I skal bli slengt bort i palasset*, sier Herren. / {* seierherrens palass.}

4 Gå til Betel og synd, til Gilgal og synd til gagns, og bær hver morgen frem eders slaktoffer, hver tredje dag eders tiender,

5 og la røk av syret brød stige op som takkoffer og tillys frivillige offer og kunngjør det! For så vil I jo gjerne ha det, I Israels barn, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

6 Og jeg har da latt eder gå med tom munn i alle eders byer og latt eder mangle brød i alle eders hjem; men I har ikke omvendt eder til mig, sier Herren.

7 Jeg har forholdt eder regnet da det ennu var tre måneder igjen til høsten, og har latt det regne over en by, men ikke over en annen; et stykke land fikk regn, og et annet stykke blev fortørket, fordi det ikke kom regn på det,

8 og to, tre byer ravet avsted til en og samme by for å drikke vann, men fikk ikke nok; men I har ikke omvendt eder til mig, sier Herren.

9 Jeg har slått eder med kornbrand og rust; gresshoppene åt op eders mange haver og vingårder og fikentrær og oljetrær; men I har ikke omvendt eder til mig, sier Herren.

10 Jeg har sendt pest blandt eder likesom dengang i Egypten, jeg har drept eders unge menn med sverdet og latt eders hester bli hærfang, og jeg lot stanken fra eders hær stige op i eders nese; men I har ikke omvendt eder til mig, sier Herren.

11 Jeg har omstyrtet byer iblandt eder, således som Gud omstyrtet Sodoma og Gomorra, og I blev som en brand som er revet ut av ilden; men I har ikke omvendt eder til mig, sier Herren.

12 Derfor vil jeg gjøre med dig, Israel, så som jeg har sagt*. Og fordi jeg vil gjøre således med dig, så gjør dig rede til å møte din Gud, Israel! / {* AMO 2, 13 fg. 3, 11 fg. 4, 2 fg.}

13 For se, han som danner fjellene og skaper vinden og åpenbarer menneskene deres tanker, han som gjør morgenrøden til mørke og farer frem over jordens høider - Herren, hærskarenes Gud, er hans navn.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things.

Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

1 Mosebok 19:24

2 Mosebok 9:3

3 Mosebok 7:12, 13, 22:18, 26:23

4 Mosebok 21:33, 28:3

5 Mosebok 21, 42

Ruts 1:1

2 Kongebok 8:1, 13:7

Jobs 9:7, 24:4

Salmenes 89:36

Proverbs 22:7

Esaias 1:1, 11, 9:12, 28:1, 45:7, 56:12

Jeremias 3:3, 5:3, 10:13, 14:3, 16:16, 46:18, 50:40

Esekiel 20:39, 34:16

Hoseas 9:15, 11:5, 12:6

Joel 1:4

Amos 2:7, 8, 3:1, 3, 9, 10, 5:5, 8, 11, 27, 6:7, 7:1

Mika 1:3, 2:2, 3:2

Haggai 2:17

Sakarias 3:2

Matteus 23:23

Word/Phrase Explanations

hør
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

kyr
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

samarias
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

fjell
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

drikke
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hellighet
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

dager
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Betel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

syret
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

brød
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

omvendt
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

regn
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

regnet
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

måneder
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

by
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vann
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

vingårder
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

fikentrær
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

sendt
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

pest
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

drept
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

sverdet
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hester
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

nese
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Sodoma
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

møte
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

fjellene
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

hærskarenes
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

From Swedenborg's Works

 

Arcana Coelestia #1453

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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1453. As regards 'Bethel being towards the sea and Ai towards the east, 1 ' meaning that His state was still obscure, that is to say, so far as cognitions of celestial and spiritual things were concerned, it is one thing to be governed by celestial things, another to be governed by the cognitions of celestial things. Infants and children are governed, more so than adults, by celestial things because of the presence in them of love towards their parents and of love for one another, as well as of innocence. But adults are governed, more so than infants and children, by the cognitions of those celestial things, very many adults not being governed at all by the celestial things of love. Until a person is taught the things of love and faith, he dwells in an obscure state, that is, so far as cognitions are concerned. That state is described here by the statement 'Bethel' was 'towards the sea', that is, 'towards the west', and 'Ai towards the east' 'Bethel', as stated already, means cognitions of celestial things, but 'Ai' the cognitions of worldly things. The former are said to be 'towards the west' when they are in obscurity, for in the Word 'the west' means that which is obscure, while the latter are said to be 'towards the east' when they are in brightness; for in comparison with the west the east is brightness. There is no need to confirm that west and east have these meanings, as they may be evident to anyone without confirmation.

[2] That 'Bethel' means the cognitions of celestial things however may become clear from other places where Bethel is mentioned in the Word, as in the next chapter,

Abram went according to his journeys from the south even to Bethel, to the place where his tent had been at the start, between Bethel and Ai, to the place of the altar that he had made there. Genesis 13:3-4.

Here 'according to his journeys from the south towards Bethel' means advancing into the light of cognitions, and this is why no reference is made in this case to 'Bethel towards the west and Ai towards the east'. When Jacob saw the stairway he said,

This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven. And he called the name of this place Bethel. Genesis 28:17, 19.

Here similarly 'Bethel' means knowledge of celestial things, for a person is a 'Bethel', that is, a 'House of God', and a 'Gate of heaven', when he is governed by the celestial things that have been present as cognitions. While a person is being regenerated he is undergoing introduction, which is effected by means of cognitions of spiritual and celestial things; but once he has been regenerated that introduction has been completed, and he is now governed by the celestial and spiritual things that have been present as cognitions. Further on it is said,

God said to Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there; make there an altar to the God who appeared to you. Genesis 35:1, 6-7.

[3] Here similarly 'Bethel' means cognitions.

The presence of the Ark of Jehovah in Bethel, and the visits to that place by the children of Israel to inquire of Jehovah, Judges 20:18, 26-27; 1 Samuel 7:16, 10:3, have similar meanings. So also has the reference to the king of Assyria sending one of the priests whom he had deported from Samaria, who resided in Bethel and was teaching them how to fear Jehovah, 2 Kings 17:27-28.

In Amos,

Amaziah said to Amos, O seer, go, flee to the land of Judah, and eat bread there, and prophesy there. And do not prophesy any more in Bethel, for this is the king's sanctuary and this is a house of the kingdom. Amos 7:12-13.

[4] After Jeroboam had profaned Bethel, 1 Kings 12:32; 13:1-8; 2 Kings 23:15, Bethel had a contrary representation, as in Hosea 10:15; Amos 3:14-15; 5:5-7. As regards 'Ai' meaning cognitions of worldly things however this too may be confirmed from historical and prophetical parts of the Word, in Joshua 7:2; 8:1-28; Jeremiah 49:3-4.


-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, Bethel from the sea (an idiom for from the west) and Ai from the east

-----

(References: Amos 4:4-7, 4:5-7; Genesis 12:8; Joshua 8:1-29)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 1555, 1557, 3030, 4539

Heaven and Hell 356

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 51

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

The Bible

 

Esaias 28:1

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Ve Efra'ims drukne menns stolte krone og den falmende blomst, hans fagre pryd, som troner over den fete dal*, der de ligger drukne av vin. / {* Samaria, Israels rikes hovedstad, lå på et fjell i en fruktbar dal; 1KG 16, 24.}

   Study the Inner Meaning

Explanation of Isaiah 28      

By Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 28

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation)

1. Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of their glorious beauty! to those that are at the bead of the fat valley, that are overcome with wine!

VERSE 1. They are called "drunkards" in the Word, who believe nothing but what they comprehend [by the senses], and in this spirit inquire into the mysteries of faith; the consequence is, that they must needs fall into errors, inasmuch as they are under the guidance only of things sensual, scientific, or philosophical in their inquiries. The thinking principle of man is merely terrestrial, corporeal, and material, inasmuch as it is formed of things terrestrial, corporeal, and material, which continually adhere thereto, and in which the ideas of thought are founded and terminated; therefore to think and reason from those things concerning things divine, is to plunge into errors and perverse opinions, and it is as impossible for a man thence to obtain faith, as it is for "a camel to pass through the eye of a needle." The error and insanity thence derived are called, in the Word, "drunkenness"; nay, even souls or spirits in another life, who reason concerning the truths of faith, and against them, become like drunk persons, and behave in like manner; concerning whom, by the Divine Mercy of the Lord, more will be said hereafter. Spirits are manifestly discerned whether they be principled in a faith grounded in charity or not. They who are principled in faith grounded in charity, do not reason concerning the truths of faith, but say that they are so, and likewise confirm them, so much as they are able, by the things of sense, of science, and of analytical reasoning; but as soon as any thing obscure intervenes, which they do not clearly apprehend, this they lay aside, nor ever suffer such a thing to lead them into doubt, urging that there are very few things which they can comprehend; and, therefore, that it is a great folly to think a thing not to be true because they do not comprehend it; these are they who are principled in charity but they, on the other hand, who are not principled in faith grounded in charity, are disposed only to reason whether a thing be true, and to know how it is true, urging that unless they know how it is so, they cannot possibly believe that it is so.

By this circumstance alone they are instantly discovered to be principled in no faith, and the proof thereof is, because they not only doubt about all things, but even in their hearts deny them; and when they are instructed how the case is, still they continue obstinate and raise fresh scruples and objections, and would do so, if possible, to all eternity; and they who thus remain doubtful heap up errors upon errors. Arcana Coelestia 1072.

Verses 1, 3, 7. Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, etc.

- These things are said of those who are insane in spiritual things, in consequence of believing that they are intelligent from themselves, and therein glorying; the state of such is described in this passage by mere correspondences. They who are insane with respect to things spiritual, or truths, are understood by "drunkards", and they who thence behave themselves intelligent by "Ephraim", and the glorying of their intelligence or erudition by the "crown of pride"; for they who are in falsities of doctrine, and have confirmed themselves therein, when they are enlightened, and see truths in the other life, become as it were "drunkards"; such is the case of the learned who have confirmed themselves in falsities, which is to confirm from self and not from the Lord; hence it is evident what is signified by " Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim." By "the fading flower of glorious beauty, of those that are at the head of the fat valley, that are overcome with wine", is signified the truth of the church perishing in its birth, from the glorying of self-derived intelligence, which is of the natural man separated from the spiritual, in which case man sees "the false in the place of truth; the "fading flower of glorious beauty denotes truth in its birth falling or perishing; the "head of the valley" denotes the intelligence of the natural man; their being "overcome with wine" signifies their seeing the false in the place of truth.

"The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under feet", signifies that that intelligence shall entirely perish.

"These also have erred through wine, and through strong drink they have reeled", signifies falsities and the things thence derived; by "the priest and the prophet who have erred through strong drink, and are swallowed up with wine, and have reeled through strong drink", is signified that they who ought to be in the doctrine of Good and Truth are of such a quality, and, abstractedly from persons, that then doctrine is of such a quality; and by their "erring in vision and stumbling in judgment", is signified their not seeing the truths of intelligence.

That such things are signified by these words, no one can see except from the spiritual sense, without which it could not be known, that the "crown" and the "head" signify intelligence, that "drunkards" signify those who are insane in things spiritual, that Ephraim signifies the understanding, - in the present case, self-derived, or originating in the proprium of man, that "valley" signifies the inferior or lower things of the mind, which are natural and sensual and that a "priest" and "prophet" signify the doctrine of Good and Truth. Apocalypse Explained 370.

Woe to the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of their glorious beauty! etc.

- "Drunkards" stand for those who reason from falsities. see Arcana Coelestia 1072; "Ephraim" for the intellectual principle of the church, - in this case perverted, Arcana Coelestia 5354, 6222; (see also above, Chapter 7:2, the Exposition.) "glory" signifies Divine Truth, Arcana Coelestia 4809, 9222.

Hence it is evident that a "flower" or "blossom" is the scientific by which Truth [is acquired]. That "flowers" or "blossoms" signify such things, is because blossoms are the germinations which precede, and in their manner produce fruits and seeds. That trees and plants blossom before they bear fruit, is known. The case is similar with man as to intelligence and wisdom. The scientifics of Truth precede, and in their manner produce those things which are of wisdom with man; for they serve his rational mind with objects, and thus with the means of becoming wise. Hence it is that the scientifics of Truth are like blossoms, and the good of life, which is the good of wisdom, is like fruit.

Since all things in the spiritual world relate to such things as are with man, by reason that heaven resembles one man, and corresponds to all things, even to the most minute, which are with man, wherefore all things which are in the natural world, according to their agreement with such things as are with a man, correspond, represent, and signify. (Arcana Coelestia 9496)

Hence now it is evident whence it is that "blossoms" and "flowers" signify the scientifics of Truth, and, in general, truths; and "fruits" and "seeds", goods. Arcana Coelestia 9553.

Woe to the drunkards of Ephraim! they have erred through wine, and through strong drink they have reeled, etc.

- That to the "drunken with wine and with strong drink" signifies to be insane and infatuated in regard to spiritual things, may indeed be seen without being confirmed from other passages in the Word; but inasmuch as many people do not see this, by reason that they do not think spiritually but sensually, and thus materially, of everything in the Word, when they read it, I will adduce some passages from the Word to prove that being made "drunk" signifies to be insane or infatuated in regard to things of a spiritual, that is, of a theological nature, which are the following:

"They are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink." (Isaiah 29:9)

"Hear, you afflicted, you drunken, but not with wine." (Isaiah 51:21)

"Babylon is a cup of gold in the hand of Jehovah, making all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of the wine thereof; therefore the nations are mad." (Jeremiah 51:7)

"Babylon shall be an hissing: when they are heated, I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may exult, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not awake", (Jeremiah 51:37, 39)

"Babylon is fallen, is fallen, because she made all nations drunk of the wine of her whoredom." (Revelation 14:8)

"Let every bottle be filled with wine; behold, I will fill all the inhabitants of this land, the priests and the prophets, with drunkenness." (Jeremiah 13:12, 13)

"You shalt be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, with the cup of devastation and desolation." (Ezekiel 23:32, 33)

"O daughter of Edom, unto you also the cup shall pass; you shalt be drunken, and shalt be uncovered." (Lamentations 4:21)

"You also shalt be made drunken. (Nahum 3:11)

"Drink you, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, to rise no more." (Jeremiah 25:27)

Apocalypse Revealed 721. See also above, Chap, Isaiah 5:11, 12, 21, 22, the Exposition.

As to the enormous sin of drunkenness, in a literal sense, see above Chap, Isaiah 19:14, the Exposition.

2. Behold, a mighty one, a strong one from the Lord! like a storm of hail, like a tempest of slaughter, like ta flood of mighty waters overflowing, He shall cast them to the earth with His hand.

3. The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:

4. And the fading flower of their glorious beauty, which is upon the head of the fat valley, shall be as the early fruit before the summer; which one looks at, and while it is yet in his hand, he swallows it.

Verses 2, 22 Speaking of the day of Judgment upon those who are of the said church. The day of Judgment, when the church is at its end, is understood by "I have heard a consummation and decision, from the Lord Jehovih of Hosts, upon the whole earth; "wherefore it is said, that "like a storm of hail, like a tempest of slaughter, like a flood of mighty waters overflowing. He shall cast them to the earth with His hand."

By "hail" and the "storm" thereof, are signified falsities which destroy the truths of the church; by "slaughter" and its "tempest", are signified evils which destroy the goods of the church; by "mighty waters" are signified the falsities of evil.

That an "inundation" and a "flood" signify immersions into evils and falsities, and hence the destruction of the church, may be seen in. Arcana Coelestia 660, 705; also above, Chapter 8:7, 8, the Exposition.

The same is signified by "casting down to the earth", or by a violent pouring down of rain. Apocalypse Explained 304.

5. In that day shall Jehovah of Hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the remnant of His people:

Verse 5. A "crown of glory" [or of adornment] signifies wisdom which is of Good from the Divine; a "diadem of beauty" signifies intelligence which is of Truth from that Good. This crown and this diadem are predicated of the divine things which are with "the [residue of]people", or the church. Arcana Coelestia 9930. See also Apocalypse Explained 272.

That "residue" or "remnant" signifies the remains of what is Good and True, or of those who are in what is Good and True at the period of Judgment, see above, Chapter 1:9; 4:2, 3, the Exposition.

6. And for a spirit of judgment to him that sits in judgment; and for strength to them that turn the battle from the gate.

Verse 6. In that day shall Jehovah be for a spirit of judgment to him that sits in judgment; and for strength to them that turn the battle front the gate.

- These things are said concerning those who are not in the conceit of self-derived intelligence, which is treated of in this chapter, and is understood in verse 1 by " the crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim." That they who are not in that conceit shall be in intelligence from the Lord, is signified by "Jehovah shall be for a spirit of judgment to him that sits in judgment"; "judgment" denoting the understanding of Truth, thus intelligence.

"Jehovah shall be for strength to them that turn the battle from the gate" signifies that the Lord gives power to those who defend the Word and doctrine from the Word, and who endeavour to preserve them from being violated; a "city" denoting doctrine, and the "gate", that which gives entrance thereto, denoting natural truths. Hence it was that the elders "sat to judge in the gates of the city." Apocalypse Explained 734.

For strength to them that turn the battle from the gate. - As to the meaning of "gates", see Chapter 60:11, 18, the Exposition.

7. But these also have erred through wine, and through strong drink they have reeled; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink; they are swallowed up with wine; they have reeled through strong drink; they have erred in vision, they have stumbled in judgment:

8. For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness; no place [is clean].

Verses 7, 8. "Wine" and "strong drink", by which they err, signify truths mixed with falsities; the "priest" and the "prophet" signify those who teach goods and truths, and, in an abstract sense, the goods and truths of the church; the "seeing", amongst whom they err, signify those who are about to see truths: to "stumble in judgment" signifies insanity.

"Tables" signify all things which should nourish the spiritual life, for by "tables" is understood the food which is upon them, and "food" means all truths and goods, because they are what nourish the spiritual life; here, therefore, by "tables full of vomit", are signified the same things falsified and adulterated. Apocalypse Explained 235.

9. Whom should He teach knowledge? and whom should He make to understand doctrine? Those that are weaned from the milk, that are withdrawn from the breasts.

10. For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:

Verses 9, 10. [These words imply, in their literal sense, that children should be taught at the earliest period of life, and that they should be trained for heaven, as the end of their birth into the world. In the spiritual sense, to be "weaned" is to be separated, - in relation to the Lord, from His infirm Human, and in relation to man, from his proprium. (Arcana Coelestia 2647, 2649)

Such as are thus separated from their proprium, are capable of receiving instruction in spiritual and divine things, or in the Truths of the Word. "Precept upon precept, line upon line", etc., implies the successive and gradual process of instruction; as in the building of a house one line or layer of stones is laid upon another, so in the building up of the mind the knowledges of Truth and Good are acquired in successive order.]

11. Therefore with a stammering lip and in another tongue will He speak unto this people.

Verse 11. "Stammerers" signify those who with difficulty can apprehend [and pronounce] the Truth of the church. Arcana Coelestia 4551. See also the Exposition of Isaiah 32:4.

12. To whom He said, This is the rest which you shall give unto the weary; and this is the refreshment: but they would not hear.

Verse 12. To be "weary" denotes a state of temptation-combat. Arcana Coelestia 3318. See also 3321.

13. Therefore shall the Word of Jehovah be indeed unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little: but they will go on, and fall backward; and be broken, and ensnared, and caught.

14. Wherefore hear you the word of Jehovah, you scornful men, who rule this people in Jerusalem:

Verse 13. But they will go on, and fall backward; and be broken, and ensnared, and caught. - To "fall backward", is to avert themselves from what is Good and True; to be "broken", signifies to dissipate Truths and Goods; to be "ensnared", is to be allured by the love of self and of the world; to be "caught", is to be carried away by those loves. Arcana Coelestia 9348.

As to the meaning of "going or falling backwards", see Chapter 1:4; of "snares", "nets", and "traps", see Chapter 24:17, the Exposition.

15. Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death; and with hell have we made a vision: the overflowing scourge, when it passes through, shall not reach us; for we have made a lie our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves.

Verse 15. In this passage "death" denotes damnation, since death is damnation, it is also hell; wherefore hell, in the Word, is commonly called "death", as in Isaiah:

"Hell will not confess You; nor will death praise You." (Isaiah 38:18, 19) Apocalypse Explained 186.

Verses 15, 18. "make a covenant with death", signifies conjunction with the false from hell, whence man dies spiritually; to "make a vision with hell", signifies divination, as it were, prophetic, from hell. Apocalypse Explained 701. See also Arcana Coelestia 8908.

The overflowing scourge. - As to what may be understood by this term, in a spiritual sense, see Chapter 8:7, 8, the Exposition.

16. Wherefore thus says the Lord Jehovih, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a firm foundation: he that believes [in Him] shall not hasten [to flee].

Verse 16. And in Jeremiah:

"They shall not take of you a stone for a corner, or a stone of foundations"; (Jeremiah 51:26)

So in Zechariah:

"Out of Judah a corner, out of him the nail, out of him the bow of war." (Zechariah 10:4)

Again, in David:

"The stone which they rejected is become the head of the corner." (Psalm 118:22; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10, 11; Luke 20:17)

The "stone of the corner" signifies all Divine Truth upon which heaven and the church is founded, thus every foundation; and inasmuch as the "foundation" is the ultimate upon which a house or temple rests, therefore it signifies all things. It is on account of this signification of the "corner-stone", as denoting all Divine Truth upon which the church is founded, that it is said - "I will lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a firm foundation"; and it is called " a stone for the corner", and "a stone of foundations"; and inasmuch as the "cornerstone" signifies all Divine Truth upon which the church is founded, therefore it also signifies the Lord as to His Divine Human, because all Divine Truth proceeds from that.

The "builders" or architects who "rejected that stone", as we read in the Evangelists, denote those who are of the church, in this case of the Jewish church, which rejected the Lord, and with Him all Divine Truth; for with them there remained nothing but vain traditions grounded in the literal sense of the Word, by which the essential truths of the Word were falsified and its goods adulterated. That "ultimates" signify all things, and what the ground of this signification is, may be seen in the Arcana Coelestia 634, 5897, 6239. Apocalypse Explained 417.

He that believes [in Him] shall not hasten [to flee]. - See the note, p. 296.

17. And I will lay judgment to the line, and justice to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of a lie; and the hiding-place the waters shall overwhelm.

18. And your covenant with death shall be abolished; and your vision with hell shall not stand: when the overflowing scourge passes through, by it shall you be trodden down;

19. As soon as it passes through, it shall take you; for morning by morning shall it pass through, by day and by night; and it shall be a terror to understand the report [thereof].

Verse 17. [This is another mode of expressing the process of exploration and of judgment which takes place after death, in the world of spirits, when "all refuges of lies shall be swept away", and every "hiding-place" of iniquity will be exposed and condemned.]

20. For the bed is shorter than that [one] can stretch himself [on it]; and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself [in it].

Verse 20. A "bed" signifies doctrine. The ground and reason of this is from correspondences; for, as the body rests on its bed, so does the mind rest in its doctrine, But by a "bed" is signified the doctrine which everyone acquires to himself, either from the Word, or from his proper intelligence, for therein the mind reposes, and, as it were, sleeps. The beds in which they lie in the spiritual world are of no other origin. Everyone's bed there is conformable to the quality of his science and intelligence; - the wise have magnificent beds, the foolish have mean ones, and they who are in falsities have filthy ones. This is the signification of a "bed" in Luke:

"I tell you, in that night there shall be two in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left." (Luke 17:34)

Speaking of the Last Judgment. "Two in one bed" means two in one doctrine, but not in similar life. In John:

"Jesus says unto the sick man, Rise, take up your bed, and walk; and he took up his bed, and walked." (John 5:8, 9)

And in Mark:

"Jesus said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, your sius be forgiven you; and He said unto the Scribes, Whether is it easier to say, Your sins be forgiven you; or to say, Arise, take up your bed, and walk? Then He said, Arise, take up your bed, and walk: and he took up his bed, and went forth from them." (Mark 2:5, 9, 11, 12)

That here something is signified by " bed", is evident, because Jesus said "Whether is it easier to say, Your sins be forgiven you; or to say, Take up your bed, and walk?" By "taking up his bed, and walking", is signified to meditate in doctrine; it is so understood in heaven. Doctrine is also signified by a "bed" in Amos:

"As the shepherd takes out of the mouth of the lion, so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria, in the corner of a bed, and in the extremity of a couch." (Amos 3:12) "In the corner of a bed, and in the extremity of a couch", means what is more remote from the truths and goods of doctrine. "Bed", " couch", and "bedchamber" have a similar signification in other places, as in Isaiah 28:20; 57:2, 7, 8; Ezekiel 23:41; Amos 6:4; Micah 2:1; Psalms 4:4; 36:4; 41:3; Job 17:13; Leviticus 15:4, 5. Apocalypse Revealed 137.

[By "the bed being shorter than that one can stretch himself all it, and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it", is implied that doctrines founded in fallacious reasonings find ill false principles, prevent the growth and extension of the rational mind, and obstruct the process of regeneration; and that they have no power to enlighten the mind with heavenly Truth, or to warm it with heavenly Love.]

21. For as in Mount Perazim, Jehovah will arise; as in the valley of Gibeon, shall He be wroth: that He may do His work, His strange work; and effect His operation, His strange operation.

Verse 21. [These events, representative of Judgment, are recorded in 2 Samuel 5:20, 21, where David defeated the Philistines, and executed, as it were, a judgment upon them. The term "Perazim", in Hebrew, means a tearing or breaking asunder, which involves the idea of Judgment. "As in the valley of Gibeon" refers to Josh. 10:10, when the Amorites were destroyed, which also represented the process of Judgment. The "destruction of the Philistines at Perazim " signifies judgment upon all who are in faith, or in the knowledges of Truth, separate from charity; (see above, Chapter 14:28, 29, the Exposition.) and the "slaughter of the Amorites" represented the judgment upon all who are in evils and falsities, and especially upon those who are in the falsities of evil. See Arcana Coelestia 1857, 6859.] ."

His strange work. - [Judgment is said to be the Lord's" strange work", to indicate that the process of Judgment, in the sense of condemnation, is not effected by the Lord, but by the evils and. falsities which proceed from the wicked themselves. "For the Lord has no pleasure in the death of the wicked." (Ezekiel 18:23, 32) "This is the condemnation, that light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil." ((John 3:19)

See above. Chapter 1:24, the Exposition.)

22. Wherefore, be you not mockers, lest your bonds be strengthened: for a consummation and decision have I heard, from the Lord Jehovih of Hosts, on the whole earth.

Verses 22, 24, 25, 26. These words, in their spiritual sense, describe the state of the church with the Jewish and Israelitish nation, that it was altogether destroyed, and that it was to no purpose to learn and to know the Word, but in order to apply the Good and Truth thereof to the use of life, and that by this menus, and no other, could intelligence be communicated from the Lord. That the church with that nation was altogether destroyed, is understood by "the consummation and decision being heard from the Lord Jehovih of Hosts upon the whole earth"; "consummation and decision" denoting plenary destruction, and the "whole earth" the entire church, that is, everything appertaining thereto. It being to no purpose merely to learn and know the Word, is signified by "Doth the ploughman plough the whole day that he may sow ? doth he open and harrow his ground?" to "plough for sowing" denoting to learn, and to "harrow the land" to deposit in the memory. That the Good and Truth of the Word should be applied to the use of life, is signified by "When he has made the face thereof even, doth not he cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and sow the wheat in the principal [place], and the barley in its appointed [place], and the spelt in the border thereof?" The "making even the face of the earth, and scattering the cummin", denotes preparation by the Word; "the wheat in the principal [place], and the barley in its appointed[place], and the spelt in their border", denote the application of the Good and Truth of the Word to the use of life; "wheat" signifying Good, "barley" Truth, and "spelt" kuowledges. That by this means, and no other, can intelligence be communicated from the Lord, is signified by "For his God doth instruct him to judgment, and doth teach him." "Judgment " signifies intelligence; "his God teaching him" denotes that it is from the Lord. Apocalypse Explained 374.

23. Give you ear, and hear My voice; attend, and hearken unto My speech.

24. Doth the ploughman plough the whole day that he may sow? doth he open and harrow his ground?

25. When he has made the face thereof even, doth not he cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and sow the "wheat in the principal [place], and the barley in its appointed [place], and the spelt in the border thereof?

26. For his God doth instruct him to judgment, and doth teach him.

Verses 23-26. These words appear as comparisons, but tbey are real correspondences, by which is described the reformation and regeneration of the man of the church; wherefore also it is said - "For his God doth instruct him to judgment, and doth teach him." To "instruct him to judgment", is to give him intelligence; for by "judgment" is signified the intelligence of Truth, n. 2235; and to "teach him", when from God, is to give him wisdom. Hence it may appear what is meant by "ploughing", "harrowing", "scattering abroad fitches", "sowing cummin", "storing up wheat, barley, and spelt", namely, that" ploughing" denotes implanting Truth in Good; "fitches" and "cummin " denote scientifics, since these are the first things which are learnt that a man may receive intelligence. That "'wheat" signifies the Good of love of the internal man , see n. 7005. That "ploughing" signifies, not from comparison, but from correspondences, the first thing of the church in general, and also in particular, with everyone who is regenerated, or who becomes a church, is evident from these words in Moses:

"You shalt not sow your vineyard intermixedly; you shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together; you shalt not wear a garment mixed with wool and linen together." (Deuteronomy 22:9-11)

These words involve that the states of Good and of Truth ought not to be coufounded: for a "vineyard" denotes: the church as to Truth, but a "field " the church as to Good; to "plough with an ox" denotes to prepare by Good; to "plough with an ass", to prepare by Truth.

"Wool" also denotes Good, but "linen" Truth. The case is this: all they are in a state of Good who are in the Lord's celestial kingdom; but they are in a state of Truth who are in the Lord's spiritual kingdom; he who is in the one cannot be in the other.

Who cannot see that the above words in Moses have a deeper signification than they appear to have; for otherwise what of evil could there have been in "sowing a vineyard intermixedly", in "ploughing with an ox and an ass together", and in "wearing a garment mixed with wool and linen together"? Arcana Coelestia 10669.

27. The fitches are not beaten out with the threshing-sledge, nor is the wheel of the cart made to turn about upon the cummin: but the fitches are beaten out with the staff: and the cummin with a rod;

28. Bread [corn] is bruised; but not for ever will he continue to thresh it, nor to break it with the wheel of his cart, nor to bruise it [with] his horsemen.

29. This also proceeds from Jehovah of Hosts, who is wonderful in counsel, and great in wisdom.

Verses 27-29. [It does not appear that Swedenborg has quoted these verses, but it is not difficult, from the doctrine of correspondences, to see the spiritual meaning of them. A "threshing-floor" denotes, as is evident from the passages in the Word where it is mentioned, something in relation to the church, and specifically the Good of Truth, and also the Truth of Good; (Arcana Coelestia 6537) and the mind where these things are prepared for the nourishment of the soul, is, as it were, a "threshing-floor." For, on a threshing-floor, wheat is in a state of preparation to become bread for the nourishment of the body. The various kinds of implements here mentioned were all used for threshing by the Jews, each implement being adapted to its specific purpose. The process of the understanding whilst meditating on the various scientifics and knowledges of what is Good and True from the Word, is here depicted. The various kinds of knowledge represented by the "fitches", "cummin", etc., require a specific process of the understanding to convert them into spiritual food, as the various kinds of grain require to be threshed by different implements. But this process of threshing is only a means to an end. It is not sufficient fully to understand the knowledge of what is True and Good; it must be loved and practised also; and the object of the divine Text is to teach the necessity of this in order to salvation, and in order to show that it is man's duty to acknowledge that the entire work is the Lord's. (Verse 29.) That "horsemen", in verse 28, have relation, by correspondence, to the understanding, see Chapter 31:1, the Exposition.]

---
Isaiah Chapter 28

1. Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of their glorious beauty! to those that are at the bead of the fat valley, that are overcome with wine!

2. Behold, a mighty one, a strong one from the Lord! like a storm of hail, like a tempest of slaughter, like a flood of mighty waters overflowing, He shall cast them to the earth with His hand.

3. The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:

4. And the fading flower of their glorious beauty, which is upon the head of the fat valley, shall be as the early fruit before the summer; which one looks at, and while it is yet in his hand, he swallows it.

5. In that day shall Jehovah of Hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the remnant of His people:

6. And for a spirit of judgment to him that sits in judgment; and for strength to them that turn the battle from the gate.

7. But these also have erred through wine, and through strong drink they have reeled; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink; they are swallowed up with wine; they have reeled through strong drink; they have erred in vision, they have stumbled in judgment:

8. For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness; no place [is clean].

9. Whom should He teach knowledge? and whom should He make to understand doctrine? Those that are weaned from the milk, that are withdrawn from the breasts.

10. For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:

11. Therefore with a stammering lip and in another tongue will He speak unto this people.

12. To whom He said, This is the rest which you shall give unto the weary; and this is the refreshment: but they would not hear.

13. Therefore shall the Word of Jehovah be indeed unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little: but they will go on, and fall backward; and be broken, and ensnared, and caught.

14. Wherefore hear you the word of Jehovah, you scornful men, who rule this people in Jerusalem:

15. Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death; and with hell have we made a vision: the overflowing scourge, when it passes through, shall not reach us; for we have made a lie our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves.

16. Wherefore thus says the Lord Jehovih, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a firm foundation: he that believes [in Him] shall not hasten [to flee].

17. And I will lay judgment to the line, and justice to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of a lie; and the hiding-place the waters shall overwhelm.

18. And your covenant with death shall be abolished; and your vision with hell shall not stand: when the overflowing scourge passes through, by it shall you be trodden down;

19. As soon as it passes through, it shall take you; for morning by morning shall it pass through, by day and by night; and it shall be a terror to understand the report [thereof].

20. For the bed is shorter than that [one] can stretch himself [on it]; and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself [in it].

21. For as in Mount Perazim, Jehovah will arise; as in the valley of Gibeon, shall He be wroth: that He may do His work, His strange work; and effect His operation, His strange operation.

22. Wherefore, be you not mockers, lest your bonds be strengthened: for a consummation and decision have I heard, from the Lord Jehovih of Hosts, on the whole earth.

23. Give you ear, and hear My voice; attend, and hearken unto My speech.

24. Doth the ploughman plough the whole day that he may sow? doth he open and harrow his ground?

25. When he has made the face thereof even, doth not he cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and sow the "wheat in the principal [place], and the barley in its appointed [place], and the spelt in the border thereof?

26. For his God doth instruct him to judgment, and doth teach him.

27. The fitches are not beaten out with the threshing-sledge, nor is the wheel of the cart made to turn about upon the cummin: but the fitches are beaten out with the staff: and the cummin with a rod;

28. Bread [corn] is bruised; but not for ever will he continue to thresh it, nor to break it with the wheel of his cart, nor to bruise it [with] his horsemen.

29. This also proceeds from Jehovah of Hosts, who is wonderful in counsel, and great in wisdom.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 28


Other references to this verse:

Arcana Coelestia 5354, 9553

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 399, 721

Sacred Scripture 79


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 376, 503, 734

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  PDF Resources


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Esaias 7:9, 9:8, 9, 11

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Word/Phrase Explanations

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...


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