Justification #1

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Justification and Good Works with the Roman Catholics, from the Council of Trent 1 , 2

1. I. Adam's sin was transmitted to the entire human race, by which his state, and the consequent state of all men, became perverse and estranged from God, and so men became enemies and children of wrath. Therefore God the Father graciously sent His Son that He should reconcile, expiate, atone, make satisfaction, and thus redeem; and He did these things by becoming justice. Christ accomplished this by offering Himself to God the Father as a sacrifice upon the tree of the cross, thus by His passion and His blood.


1. [Editor's Note by NCBSP: In Rev. Duckworth's translation, he included these notes from the manuscript:

Preliminary Notes [Most of these preliminary notes became the titles of sections in the material that follows.]
- Justification and good works with the Roman Catholics - summarised on p. 3 of Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, and dealt with more fully in matters set out on pp. 3-6.
- The faith that prevails nowadays among the Reformed was acquired from the Roman Catholics, p. 201.
- The Person of Christ with Calvin and his adherents was taken from the Athanasian Creed, p. 7.
- The Trinity of Persons with Calvin and his adherents was taken from the Athanasian Creed, p. 8,
- something about Calvin, p. 8e.
- The clergy of the Reformed Church on justification, p. 8.
- The forgiveness of sins, Canon p. 101.

2. [This first short section would seem to consist of Swedenborg's general summary of the teaching concerning Justification and Good Works as contained in the Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent.]

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.