Amos 1

Study the Inner Meaning

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

← Joel 3   Amos 2 →

1 Worte des Amos, der unter den Hirten von Tekoa war, welche er über Israel geschaut hat in den Tagen Ussijas, des Königs von Juda, und in den Tagen Jerobeams, des Sohnes Joas’, des Königs von Israel, zwei Jahre vor dem Erdbeben.

2 Und er sprach: Jehova wird aus Zion brüllen und aus Jerusalem seine Stimme erschallen lassen, und die Auen der Hirten werden trauern, und der Gipfel des Karmel wird verdorren.

3 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Damaskus und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie Gilead mit eisernen Dreschschlitten gedroschen haben,

4 so werde ich ein Feuer senden in das Haus Hasaels, und es wird die Paläste Ben-Hadads verzehren;

5 und ich werde den iegel von Damaskus zerbrechen, und den Bewohner ausrotten aus dem Tale Awen, und den, der das Scepter hält, aus Beth-Eden; und das Volk von Syrien wird nach Kir weggeführt werden, spricht Jehova.

6 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Gasa und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie Gefangene in voller Zahl weggeführt haben, um sie an Edom auszuliefern,

7 so werde ich ein Feuer senden in die Mauer von Gasa, und es wird seine Paläste verzehren;

8 und ich werde den Bewohner ausrotten aus Asdod, und den, der das Scepter hält, aus Askelon; und ich werde meine Hand wenden wider Ekron, und der Überrest der Philister wird untergehen, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

9 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Tyrus und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie Gefangene in voller Zahl an Edom ausgeliefert und des Bruderbundes nicht gedacht haben,

10 so werde ich ein Feuer senden in die Mauer von Tyrus, und es wird seine Paläste verzehren.

11 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Edom und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil es seinen Bruder mit dem Schwerte verfolgt und sein Erbarmen erstickt hat, und weil sein Zorn beständig zerfleischt, und es seinen Grimm immerdar bewahrt,

12 so werde ich ein Feuer senden nach Teman, und es wird die Paläste von Bozra verzehren.

13 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten der Kinder Ammon und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie die Schwangeren von Gilead aufgeschlitzt haben, um ihre Grenze zu erweitern,

14 so werde ich ein Feuer anzünden in der Mauer von abba, und es wird seine Paläste verzehren unter Kriegsgeschrei am Tage des Kampfes, unter Sturm am Tage des Ungewitters;

15 und ihr König wird in die Gefangenschaft gehen, er und seine Fürsten miteinander, spricht Jehova.

← Joel 3   Amos 2 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Steve David

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 201

Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

1 Mose 27:41, 36:33

2 Mose 3:1

4 Mose 20:20

1 Samuel 6:17

2 Samuel 12:31, 14:2

2 Koenige 8:12, 14:23, 28, 15:16, 16:9

2 Chronik 20:10, 11, 21:16, 17, 26:1

Psalm 29:4

Jesaja 8:4, 17:1, 21:11, 23:1, 33:9, 34:5

Jeremia 25:30, 28:8, 47:1, 49:1, 7, 23

Hesekiel 21:25, 25:1, 12, 15, 26:1, 27:1, 27, 28:1, 30:17, 35:1

Hosea 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

Amos 2:2, 5, 3:8, 9, 5:5, 7:14, 9:7

Obadja 1:1

Zephanja 2:4, 8

Sacharja 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Maleachi 1:4

Word/Phrase Explanations

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Videos from the Swedenborg Foundation

The videos shown here are provided courtesy of our friends at the Swedenborg Foundation. You can find out more about them here:

Mental Trash Talk

Somebody's playing basketball inside your head.