Hosea 9

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Basic English Bible         

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1 Have no joy, O Israel, and do not be glad like the nations; for you have been untrue to your God; your desire has been for the loose woman's reward on every grain-floor.

2 The grain-floor and the place where the grapes are crushed will not give them food; there will be no new wine for them.

3 They will have no resting-place in the Lord's land, but Ephraim will go back to Egypt, and they will take unclean food in Assyria.

4 They will give no wine offering to the Lord, they will not make offerings ready for him; their bread will be like the bread of those in sorrow; all who take it will be unclean, because their bread will be only for their desire, it will not come into the house of the Lord.

5 What will you do on the day of worship, and on the day of the feast of the Lord?

6 For see, they are going away into Assyria; Egypt will get them together, Memphis will be their last resting-place; their fair silver vessels will be covered over with field plants, and thorns will come up in their tents.

7 The days of punishment, the days of reward are come; Israel will be put to shame; the prophet is foolish, the man who has the spirit is off his head, because of your great sin.

8 There is great hate against the watchman of Ephraim, the people of my God; as for the prophet, there is a net in all his ways, and hate in the house of his God.

9 They have gone deep in evil as in the days of Gibeah; he will keep in mind their wrongdoing, he will give them punishment for their sins.

10 I made discovery of Israel as of grapes in the waste land; I saw your fathers as the first-fruits of the fig-tree in her early fruit time; but they came to Baal-peor, and made themselves holy to the thing of shame, and became disgusting like that to which they gave their love.

11 As for Ephraim, their glory will go in flight like a bird: there will be no birth and no one with child and no giving of life.

12 Even though their children have come to growth I will take them away, so that not a man will be there; for their evil-doing will be complete and they will be put to shame because of it.

13 As I have seen a beast whose young have been taken from her, so Ephraim will give birth to children only for them to be put to death.

14 O Lord, what will you give them? Give them bodies which may not give birth and breasts without milk.

15 All their evil-doing is in Gilgal; there I had hate for them; because of their evil-doing I will send them out of my house; they will no longer be dear to me; all their rulers are uncontrolled.

16 The rod has come on Ephraim, their root is dry, let them have no fruit; even though they give birth, I will put to death the dearest fruit of their bodies.

17 My God will give them up because they did not give ear to him; they will be wandering among the nations.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 192


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 217, 264, 273, 382, 1071, 1165, 1566, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 334, 503, 535, 585, 651, 757

The Lord 4, 48

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 247


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 282, 376, 403, 622, 624, 654, 662, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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Numbers 14:34, 25:1, 3

Deuteronomy 4:25, 27, 26:14, 28:18, 32:25

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1 Kings 9:7, 14:16

2 Kings 17:6, 11

Job 27:14

Psalms 81:12, 106:28

Song of Solomon 3:6

Isaiah 1:23, 19:13, 32:13

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Hosea 2:11, 4:6, 12, 15, 5:9, 7:16, 8:13, 10:9, 11:5, 13:5, 14:1

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Luke 22

Word/Phrase Explanations

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

glad
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

grain
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

floor
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

new wine
'Must' or 'new wine' denotes evil produced by false.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

wine
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

feast of
'The feast of weeks' signifies the implanting of truth in good.

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Memphis
'Memphis' signifies people who desire wisdom of divine things from themselves.

Last
'The first and the last' signifies that the Lord is the only God.

Silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

over
'Upon' or 'over' signifies being within.

tents
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

watchman
'A watchman,' as in Isaiah 21:11, in an internal sense, signifies someone who observes the states of the church and its changes, which applies to...

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Gibeah
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

sins
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Baal-peor
Baal-peor ('Numbers 25:5') signifies the adulteration of good.

love
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

bird
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

No one
'No one,' or 'none' denotes the negative side of something.

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

to
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

young
'The son of a cow' signifies the celestial natural level and natural exterior good.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

breasts
The breast (Ezek. 16:7), signifies natural good.

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

root
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...


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