Amos 4

Study the Inner Meaning

Arabic: Smith & Van Dyke         

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1 اسمعي هذا القول يا بقرات باشان التي في جبل السامرة الظالمة المساكين الساحقة البائسين القائلة لسادتها هات لنشرب.

2 قد اقسم السيد الرب بقدسه هوذا ايام تأتي عليكنّ ياخذونكنّ بخزائم وذرّيتكنّ بشصوص السمك.

3 ومن الشقوق تخرجن كل واحدة على وجهها وتندفعن الى الحصن يقول الرب

4 هلم الى بيت ايل واذنبوا الى الجلجال واكثروا الذنوب وأحضروا كل صباح ذبائحكم وكل ثلاثة ايام عشوركم.

5 واوقدوا من الخمير تقدمة شكر ونادوا بنوافل وسمّعوا. لانكم هكذا احببتم يا بني اسرائيل يقول السيد الرب

6 وانا ايضا اعطيتكم نظافة الاسنان في جميع مدنكم وعوز الخبز في جميع اماكنكم فلم ترجعوا اليّ يقول الرب.

7 وانا ايضا منعت عنكم المطر اذ بقي ثلاثة اشهر للحصاد وامطرت على مدينة واحدة وعلى مدينة اخرى لم امطر. امطر على ضيعة واحدة والضيعة التي لم يمطر عليها جفّت.

8 فجالت مدينتان او ثلاث الى مدينة واحدة لتشرب ماء ولم تشبع فلم ترجعوا اليّ يقول الرب.

9 ضربتكم باللفح واليرقان. كثيرا ما اكل القمص جنّاتكم وكرومكم وتينكم وزيتونكم فلم ترجعوا اليّ يقول الرب.

10 ارسلت بينكم وبأ على طريقة مصر. قتلت بالسيف فتيانكم مع سبي خيلكم واصعدت نتن محالّكم حتى الى انوفكم فلم ترجعوا اليّ يقول الرب.

11 قلبت بعضكم كما قلب الله سدوم وعمورة فصرتم كشعلة منتشلة من الحريق فلم ترجعوا اليّ يقول الرب

12 لذلك هكذا اصنع بك يا اسرائيل. فمن اجل اني اصنع بك هذا فاستعد للقاء الهك يا اسرائيل.

13 فانه هوذا الذي صنع الجبال وخلق الريح واخبر الانسان ما هو فكره الذي يجعل الفجر ظلاما ويمشي على مشارف الارض يهوه اله الجنود اسمه

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 19:24

Exodus 9:3

Leviticus 7:12, 13, 22:18, 26:23

Numbers 21:33, 28:3

Deuteronomy 21, 42

Ruth 1:1

2 Kings 8:1, 13:7

Job 9:7, 24:4

Psalms 89:36

Proverbs 22:7

Isaiah 1:1, 11, 9:12, 28:1, 45:7, 56:12

Jeremiah 3:3, 5:3, 10:13, 14:3, 16:16, 46:18, 50:40

Ezekiel 20:39, 34:16

Hosea 9:15, 11:5, 12:6

Joel 1:4

Amos 2:7, 8, 3:1, 3, 9, 10, 5:5, 8, 11, 27, 6:7, 7:1

Micah 1:3, 2:2, 3:2

Haggai 2:17

Zechariah 3:2

Matthew 23:23


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