Josua 18

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1 Och Israels barns hela menighet församlade sig i Silo och uppsatte där uppenbarelsetältet, då nu landet var dem underdånigt.

2 Men ännu återstodo av Israels barn sju stammar som icke hade fått sin arvedel sig tillskiftad.

3 Därför sade Josua till Israels barn: »Huru länge viljen I försumma att gå åstad och taga i besittning det land som HERREN, edra fäders Gud, har givit eder?

4 Utsen åt eder tre män för var stam, så skall jag sända dem åstad, för att de må stå upp och draga omkring i landet och sätta upp en beskrivning däröver, efter som vars och ens arvedel skall bliva, och så komma tillbaka till mig.

5 De skola nämligen uppdela det åt sig i sju delar, varvid Juda skall förbliva vid sitt område i söder och Josefs hus förbliva vid sitt område i norr.

6 Och sedan skolen I sätta upp beskrivningen över landet, efter dessa sju delar, och bära den hit till mig, så vill jag kasta lott för eder här inför HERREN, vår Gud.

7 Ty leviterna få ingen särskild del bland eder, utan HERRENS prästadöme är deras arvedel; och Gad och Ruben och ena hälften av Manasse stam hava redan fått sin arvedel på andra sidan Jordan, på östra sidan, den arvedel som HERRENS tjänare Mose gav dem.»

8 Och männen stodo upp och gingo åstad; och när de gingo åstad bjöd Josua dem att de skulle sätta upp en beskrivning över landet, i det han sade: »Gån åstad och dragen omkring i landet och sätten upp en beskrivning däröver, och vänden sedan tillbaka till mig, så vill jag kasta lott för eder här inför HERREN i Silo

9 Så gingo då männen åstad och drogo genom landet och satte upp en beskrivning över det, efter dess sju delar, med dess städer, och kommo så tillbaka till Josua i lägret vid Silo.

10 Sedan kastade Josua lott för dem i Silo inför HERREN, och Josua utskiftade där landet åt Israels barn, efter deras avdelningar.

11 Då nu lotten drogs för Benjamins barns stam, efter deras släkter, föll den ut så, att det område som lotten gav dem låg mellan Juda barns och Josefs barns områden.

12 Deras gräns på norra sidan begynte vid Jordan, och gränsen drog sig så upp mot Jerikos höjd i norr och uppåt bergsbygden västerut och gick så ut i öknen vid Bet-Aven.

13 Därifrån gick gränsen fram till Lus, till höjden söder om Lus, det är Betel; sedan gick gränsen ned till Atrot-Addar över berget söder om Nedre Bet-Horon.

14 Och gränsen drog sig vidare framåt och böjde sig på västra sidan söderut från berget som ligger gent emot Bet-Horon, söder därom, och gick så ut till Kirjat-Baal, det är staden Kirjat-Jearim inom Juda barns område. Detta var västra sidan.

15 Och södra sidan begynte vid ändan av Kirjat-Jearims område, och gränsen gick så åt väster fram till Neftoavattnets källa.

16 Sedan gick gränsen ned till ändan av det berg som ligger gent emot Hinnoms sons dal, norrut i Refaimsdalen, och därefter ned i Hinnomsdalen, på södra sidan om Jebus' höjd, och gick så ned till Rogelskällan.

17 Därefter drog den sig norrut och gick fram till Semeskällan och vidare till Gelilot, som ligger mitt emot Adummimshöjden, och gick så ned till Bohans, Rubens sons, sten.

18 Vidare gick den fram till den höjd som ligger framför Hedmarken, norrut, och så ned till Hedmarken.

19 Sedan gick gränsen fram till Bet-Hoglas höjd, norrut, och så gick gränsen ut till Salthavets norra vik, vid Jordans södra ända. Detta var södra gränsen.

20 Men på östra sidan var Jordan gränsen. Detta var Benjamins barns arvedel med dess gränser runt omkring, efter deras släkter.

21 Och de städer som tillföllo Benjamins barns stam, efter deras släkter, voro: Jeriko, Bet-Hogla, Emek-Kesis,

22 Bet-Haaraba, Semaraim, Betel,

23 Avim, Para, Ofra,

24 Kefar-Haammoni, Ofni och Geba -- tolv städer med sina byar;

25 Gibeon, Rama, Beerot,

26 Mispe, Kefira, Mosa,

27 Rekem, Jirpeel, Tarala,

28 Sela, Elef, Jebus, det är Jerusalem, Gibeat och Kirjat -- fjorton städer med sina byar. Detta var nu Benjamins barns arvedel, efter deras släkter.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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