Josua 17

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1 Och Manasse stam fick sin lott sålunda, ty han var Josefs förstfödde: Makir, Manasses förstfödde, Gileads fader, fick Gilead och Basan, ty han var en stridsman.

2 Manasses övriga barn fingo ock land, efter sina släkter: Abiesers barn, Heleks barn, Asriels barn, Sikems barn, Hefers barn, och Semidas barn. Dessa voro Manasses, Josefs sons, manliga avkomlingar, efter deras släkter.

3 Men Selofhad, son till Hefer, son till Gilead, son till Makir, son till Manasse, hade inga söner, utan allenast döttrar; och hans döttrar hette Mahela, Noa, Hogla, Milka och Tirsa.

4 Dessa trädde fram inför prästen Eleasar och Josua, Nuns son, och stamhövdingarna och sade: »HERREN bjöd Mose att giva oss en arvedel bland våra bröder.» Då gav man dem, efter HERRENS befallning, en arvedel bland deras faders bröder.

5 Alltså blevo de lotter som tillföllo Manasse tio -- förutom Gileads land och Basan på andra sidan Jordan --

6 eftersom Manasses döttrar fingo en arvedel bland hans söner. Men Gileads land hade Manasses övriga barn fått.

7 Och Manasse fick sin gräns bestämd sålunda: Den gick från Aser till Mikmetat, som ligger gent emot Sikem; därefter gick gränsen åt höger, till En-Tappuas inbyggare.

8 (Tappuas land tillföll nämligen Manasse, men själva Tappua, inemot Manasse gräns, tillföll Efraims barn.)

9 Och gränsen gick vidare ned till Kanabäcken, söder om bäcken; men städerna där tillföllo Efraim, fastän de lågo bland Manasse städer. Manasse gräns gick vidare norr om bäcken och gick sedan ut vid havet.

10 Det som låg söder om den tillföll Efraim, men det som låg norr om den tillföll Manasse, och deras gräns var havet; och i norr nådde de till Aser och i öster till Isaskar.

11 Och inom Isaskar och Aser fick Manasse Bet-Sean med underlydande orter, Jibleam med underlydande orter, invånarna i Dor och underlydande orter, invånarna i En-Dor och underlydande orter, invånarna i Taanak och underlydande orter, invånarna i Megiddo och underlydande orter, de tre höjdernas land.

12 Men Manasse barn kunde icke intaga dessa städer, utan kananéerna förmådde hålla sig kvar där i landet.

13 När sedan Israels barn blevo de starkare, gjorde de kananéerna arbetspliktiga under sig; de fördrevo dem icke heller då.

14 Och Josefs barn talade till Josua och sade: »Varför har du givit oss till arvedel allenast en lott och ett skifte, fastän vi äro ett talrikt folk, då ju HERREN hitintills har välsignat oss?»

15 Då svarade Josua dem: »Om du är ett för talrikt folk, så drag upp till skogsbygden och röj dig där mark i perisséernas och rafaéernas land, eftersom Efraims bergsbygd är dig för trång.»

16 Men Josefs barn sade: »I bergsbygden finnes icke rum nog för oss; och de kananéer som bo i dalbygden hava allasammans stridsvagnar av järn, både de som bo i Bet-Sean och underlydande orter och de som bo i Jisreels dal

17 Josua sade till Josefs hus, till Efraim och Manasse: »Du är ett talrikt folk och har stor kraft, därför skall du icke hava allenast en lott;

18 utan du skall få en bergsbygd, som ju ock är en skogsbygd, men som du skall röja upp, så att till och med utkanterna därav skola tillhöra dig. Ty du måste fördriva kananéerna, eftersom de hava stridsvagnar av järn och äro så starka.»

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Caelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Domarboken 1:19, 27, 5:19, 6:11, 33, 17:1

1 Samuelsboken 28:7, 29:1, 31:10

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1 Konungaboken 4:11, 12, 18:45

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1 Krönikeboken 7:18, 29

2 Krönikeboken 35:22

Jesaja 41:14, 15

Hesekiel 47:13, 48:4

Významy biblických slov

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Josefs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

förstfödde
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

Manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Gileads
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

fader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

söner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

döttrar
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

arvedel
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

bröder
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

tio
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

gräns
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Sikem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

söder
'South' denotes truth in light.

städer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Norr
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

havet
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Isaskar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

landet
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

talade
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

ett
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

rafaéernas
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

Bo
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Järn
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

stor
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

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