Joshua 8

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM προς-P *ιησους-N---ASM μη-D φοβεω-VC--APS2S μηδε-C δειλιαω-VA--AAS2S λαμβανω-VB--AAD2S μετα-P συ- P--GS ο- A--APM ανηρ-N3--APM πας-A3--APM ο- A--APM πολεμιστης-N1M-APM και-C αναιστημι-VH--AAPNSM αναβαινω-VZ--AAD2S εις-P *γαι-N---ASF ιδου-I διδωμι-VX--XAI1S εις-P ο- A--APF χειρ-N3--APF συ- P--GS ο- A--ASM βασιλευς-N3V-ASM *γαι-N---GSF και-C ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF αυτος- D--GSM

2 και-C ποιεω-VF--FAI2S ο- A--ASF *γαι-N---ASF ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM ποιεω-VAI-AAI2S ο- A--ASF *ιεριχω-N---ASF και-C ο- A--ASM βασιλευς-N3V-ASM αυτος- D--GSF και-C ο- A--ASF προνομη-N1--ASF ο- A--GPN κτηνος-N3E-GPN προνομευω-VF--FAI2S σεαυτου- D--DSM καταιστημι-VA--AAD2S δε-X σεαυτου- D--DSM ενεδρον-N2N-APN ο- A--DSF πολις-N3I-DSF εις-P ο- A--APN οπισω-D

3 και-C αναιστημι-VHI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM και-C πας-A3--NSM ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM πολεμιστης-N1M-NSM ωστε-C αναβαινω-VZ--AAN εις-P *γαι-N---ASF επιλεγω-VAI-AAI3S δε-X *ιησους-N---NSM τριακοντα-M χιλιας-N3D-APF ανηρ-N3--GPM δυνατος-A1--APM εν-P ισχυς-N3U-DSF και-C αποστελλω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM νυξ-N3--GSF

4 και-C εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI3S αυτος- D--DPM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM συ- P--NP ενεδρευω-VA--AAD2P οπισω-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF μη-D μακραν-D γιγνομαι-V1--PMD2P απο-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF και-C ειμι-VF--FMI2P πας-A3--NPM ετοιμος-A1--NPM

5 και-C εγω- P--NS και-C πας-A3--NPM ο- A--NPM μετα-P εγω- P--GS προςαγω-VF--FAI1P προς-P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3S ως-C αν-X εκερχομαι-VB--AAS3P ο- A--NPM καταοικεω-V2--PAPNPM *γαι-N---ASF εις-P συναντησις-N3I-ASF εγω- P--DP καθαπερ-D και-C πρωην-D και-C φευγω-VF--FMI1P απο-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN αυτος- D--GPM

6 και-C ως-C αν-X εκερχομαι-VB--AAS3P οπισω-P εγω- P--GP αποσπαω-VF--FAI1P αυτος- D--APM απο-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF και-C ειπον-VF2-FAI3P φευγω-V1--PAI3P ουτος- D--NPM απο-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN εγω- P--GP ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM και-C εμπροσθεν-D

7 συ- P--NP δε-X εκ αναιστημι-VF--FMI2P εκ-P ο- A--GSF ενεδρα-N1A-GSF και-C πορευομαι-VF--FMI2P εις-P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF

8 κατα-P ο- A--ASN ρημα-N3M-ASN ουτος- D--ASN ποιεω-VF--FAI2P ιδου-I εντελλομαι-VM--XMI1S συ- P--DP

9 και-C αποστελλω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM *ιησους-N---NSM και-C πορευομαι-VCI-API3P εις-P ο- A--ASF ενεδρα-N1A-ASF και-C εν καταιζω-VAI-AAI3P ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASN *βαιθηλ-N---GS και-C ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASN *γαι-N---GSF απο-P θαλασσα-N1S-GSF ο- A--GSF *γαι-N---GSF

10 και-C ορθριζω-VA--AAPNSM *ιησους-N---NSM ο- A--ASN πρωι-D επισκεπτομαι-VAI-AMI3S ο- A--ASM λαος-N2--ASM και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3P αυτος- D--NSM και-C ο- A--NPM πρεσβυτερος-A1A-NPMC κατα-P προσωπον-N2N-ASN ο- A--GSM λαος-N2--GSM επι-P *γαι-N---GSF

11 και-C πας-A3--NSM ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM πολεμιστης-N1M-NSM μετα-P αυτος- D--GSM αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3P και-C πορευομαι-V1--PMPNPM ερχομαι-VBI-AAI3P εκ-P εναντιος-A1A-GSF ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF απο-P ανατολη-N1--GPF

12 και-C ο- A--APN ενεδρον-N2N-APN ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF απο-P θαλασσα-N1S-GSF

14 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C οραω-VBI-AAI3S βασιλευς-N3V-NSM *γαι-N---GSF σπευδω-VAI-AAI3S και-C εκερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S εις-P συναντησις-N3I-ASF αυτος- D--DPM επι-P ευθυς-A3U-GSF εις-P ο- A--ASM πολεμος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--NSM και-C πας-A3--NSM ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM μετα-P αυτος- D--GSM και-C αυτος- D--NSM ου-D οιδα-VXI-YAI3S οτι-C ενεδρον-N2N-NPN αυτος- D--DSM ειμι-V9--PAI3S οπισω-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF

15 και-C οραω-VBI-AAI3S και-C αναχωρεω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM και-C *ισραηλ-N---NSM απο-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN αυτος- D--GPM

16 και-C καταδιωκω-VAI-AAI3P οπισω-P ο- A--GPM υιος-N2--GPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C αυτος- D--NPM αποιστημι-VHI-AAI3P απο-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF

17 ου-D καταλειπω-VVI-API3S ουδεις-A3--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSF *γαι-N---DSF ος- --NSM ου-D καταδιωκω-VAI-AAI3S οπισω-P *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C καταλειπω-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF αναοιγω-VK--XMPASF και-C καταδιωκω-VAI-AAI3P οπισω-P *ισραηλ-N---GSM

18 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM προς-P *ιησους-N---ASM εκτεινω-VA--AAD2S ο- A--ASF χειρ-N3--ASF συ- P--GS εν-P ο- A--DSM γαισος-N2--DSM ο- A--DSM εν-P ο- A--DSF χειρ-N3--DSF συ- P--GS επι-P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF εις-P γαρ-X ο- A--APF χειρ-N3--APF συ- P--GS παραδιδωμι-VX--XAI1S αυτος- D--ASF και-C ο- A--NPN ενεδρον-N2N-NPN εκ αναιστημι-VF--FMI3P εν-P ταχος-N3E-DSN εκ-P ο- A--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκτεινω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM ο- A--ASF χειρ-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSM ο- A--ASM γαισος-N2--ASM επι-P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF

19 και-C ο- A--NPN ενεδρον-N2N-NPN εκ αναιστημι-VHI-AAI3P εν-P ταχος-N3E-DSN εκ-P ο- A--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκερχομαι-VBI-AAI3P οτε-D εκτεινω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASF χειρ-N3--ASF και-C ερχομαι-VBI-AAI3P επι-P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF και-C καταλαμβανω-VBI-AMI3P αυτος- D--ASF και-C σπευδω-VA--AAPNPM ενπιμπρημι-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF εν-P πυρ-N3--DSN

20 και-C περιβλεπω-VA--AAPNPM ο- A--NPM κατοικος-N2--NPM *γαι-N---GSF εις-P ο- A--APN οπισω-D αυτος- D--GPM και-C θεωρεω-V2I-IAI3P καπνος-N2--ASM αναβαινω-V1--PAPASM εκ-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF εις-P ο- A--ASM ουρανος-N2--ASM και-C ουκετι-D εχω-V1I-IAI3P που-D φευγω-VB--AAS3P ωδε-D η-C ωδε-D

21 και-C *ιησους-N---NSM και-C πας-A3--NSM *ισραηλ-N---NSM οραω-VBI-AAI3P οτι-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--NPN ενεδρον-N2N-NPN ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF και-C οτι-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM καπνος-N2--NSM ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF εις-P ο- A--ASM ουρανος-N2--ASM και-C μεταβαλλω-VB--AMPNPM πατασσω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--APM ανηρ-N3--APM ο- A--GSF *γαι-N---GSF

22 και-C ουτος- D--NPM εκερχομαι-VBI-AAI3P εκ-P ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF εις-P συναντησις-N3I-ASF και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3P ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASN ο- A--GSF παρεμβολη-N1--GSF ουτος- D--NPM εντευθεν-D και-C ουτος- D--NPM εντευθεν-D και-C πατασσω-VAI-AAI3P εως-P ο- A--GSN μη-D καταλειπω-VV--APN αυτος- D--GPM σωζω-VM--XMPASM και-C διαφευγω-VX--XAPASM

23 και-C ο- A--ASM βασιλευς-N3V-ASM ο- A--GSF *γαι-N---GSF συνλαμβανω-VBI-AAI3P ζαω-V3--PAPASM και-C προςαγω-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM προς-P *ιησους-N---ASM

24 και-C ως-C παυω-VAI-AMI3P ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM αποκτεινω-V1--PAPNPM πας-A3--APM ο- A--APM εν-P ο- A--DSF *γαι-N---DSF ο- A--APM εν-P ο- A--DPN πεδιον-N2N-DPN και-C εν-P ο- A--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN επι-P ο- A--GSF καταβασις-N3I-GSF ου-D καταδιωκω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--APM απο-P αυτος- D--GSF εις-P τελος-N3E-ASN και-C αποστρεφω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM εις-P *γαι-N---ASF και-C πατασσω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASF εν-P στομα-N3M-DSN ρομφαια-N1A-GSF

25 και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3P ο- A--NPM πιπτω-VA--AAPNPM εν-P ο- A--DSF ημερα-N1A-DSF εκεινος- D--DSF απο-P ανηρ-N3--GSM και-C εως-P γυνη-N3K-GSF δωδεκα-M χιλιας-N3D-NPF πας-A3--APM ο- A--APM καταοικεω-V2--PAPAPM *γαι-N---GSF

27 πλην-P ο- A--GPN κτηνος-N3E-GPN και-C ο- A--GPN σκυλον-N2N-GPN ο- A--GPM εν-P ο- A--DSF πολις-N3I-DSF πας-A3--APN ος- --APN προνομευω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM κατα-P προσταγμα-N3M-ASN κυριος-N2--GSM ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM συντασσω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM *ιησους-N---DSM

28 και-C ενπυριζω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF εν-P πυρ-N3--DSN χωμα-N3T-ASN αοικητος-A1B-ASN εις-P ο- A--ASM αιων-N3W-ASM τιθημι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASF εως-P ο- A--GSF ημερα-N1A-GSF ουτος- D--GSF

29 και-C ο- A--ASM βασιλευς-N3V-ASM ο- A--GSF *γαι-N---GSF κρεμαζω-VAI-AAI3S επι-P ξυλον-N2N-GSN διδυμος-A1--GSN και-C ειμι-V9--IAI3S επι-P ο- A--GSN ξυλον-N2N-GSN εως-P εσπερα-N1A-GSF και-C επιδυω-V1--PAPGSM ο- A--GSM ηλιος-N2--GSM συντασσω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM και-C κατααιρεω-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--GSM ο- A--ASN σωμα-N3M-ASN απο-P ο- A--GSN ξυλον-N2N-GSN και-C ριπτω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM εις-P ο- A--ASM βοθρος-N2--ASM και-C επιιστημι-VHI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DSM σωρος-N2--ASM λιθος-N2--GPM εως-P ο- A--GSF ημερα-N1A-GSF ουτος- D--GSF

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 878, 1453, 2799, 5156, 7673


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 655

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 8:1, 17:9

Deuteronomy 2:35, 7:18, 21, 13:17, 21:22, 23

Joshua 1:9, 2:24, 3:1, 6:2, 21, 7:26, 9:3, 10:7, 22, 26, 27, 11:14, 12:9

Judges 9:32, 20:29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, 41

1 Samuel 15:5

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Capture of Ai
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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