Joshue 10

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1 Quæ cum audisset Adonisedec rex Jerusalem, quod scilicet cepisset Josue Hai, et subvertisset eam (sicut enim fecerat Jericho et regi ejus, sic fecit Hai, et regi illius), et quod transfugissent Gabaonitæ ad Israël, et essent fœderati eorum,

2 timuit valde. Urbs enim magna erat Gabaon, et una civitatum regalium, et major oppido Hai, omnesque bellatores ejus fortissimi.

3 Misit ergo Adonisedec rex Jerusalem ad Oham regem Hebron, et ad Pharam regem Jerimoth, ad Japhia quoque regem Lachis, et ad Dabir regem Eglon, dicens :

4 Ad me ascendite, et ferte præsidium, ut expugnemus Gabaon, quare transfugerit ad Josue, et ad filios Israël.

5 Congregati igitur ascenderunt quinque reges Amorrhæorum : rex Jerusalem, rex Hebron, rex Jerimoth, rex Lachis, rex Eglon, simul cum exercitibus suis, et castrametati sunt circa Gabaon, oppugnantes eam.

6 Habitatores autem Gabaon urbis obsessæ miserunt ad Josue, qui tunc morabatur in castris apud Galgalam, et dixerunt ei : Ne retrahas manus tuas ab auxilio servorum tuorum : ascende cito, et libera nos, ferque præsidium : convenerunt enim adversum nos omnes reges Amorrhæorum, qui habitant in montanis.

7 Ascenditque Josue de Galgalis, et omnis exercitus bellatorum cum eo, viri fortissimi.

8 Dixitque Dominus ad Josue : Ne timeas eos : in manus enim tuas tradidi illos : nullus ex eis tibi resistere poterit.

9 Irruit itaque Josue super eos repente, tota nocte ascendens de Galgalis.

10 Et conturbavit eos Dominus a facie Israël : contrivitque plaga magna in Gabaon, ac persecutus est eos per viam ascensus Bethoron, et percussit usque Azeca et Maceda.

11 Cumque fugerent filios Israël, et essent in descensu Bethoron, Dominus misit super eos lapides magnos de cælo usque ad Azeca : et mortui sunt multo plures lapidibus grandinis, quam quos gladio percusserant filii Israël.

12 Tunc locutus est Josue Domino, in die qua tradidit Amorrhæum in conspectu filiorum Israël, dixitque coram eis : Sol, contra Gabaon ne movearis, et luna contra vallem Ajalon.

13 Steteruntque sol et luna, donec ulcisceretur se gens de inimicis suis. Nonne scriptum est hoc in libro justorum ? Stetit itaque sol in medio cæli, et non festinavit occumbere spatio unius diei.

14 Nam fuit antea nec postea tam longa dies, obediente Domino voci hominis, et pugnante pro Israël.

15 Reversusque est Josue cum omni Israël in castra Galgalæ.

16 Fugerant enim quinque reges et se absconderant in spelunca urbis Maceda.

17 Nuntiatumque est Josue quod inventi essent quinque reges latentes in spelunca urbis Maceda.

18 Qui præcepit sociis, et ait : Volvite saxa ingentia ad os speluncæ, et ponite viros industrios, qui clausos custodiant :

19 vos autem nolite stare, sed persequimini hostes, et extremos quosque fugientium cædite : nec dimittatis eos urbium suarum intrare præsidia, quos tradidit Dominus Deus in manus vestras.

20 Cæsis ergo adversariis plaga magna, et usque ad internecionem pene consumptis, hi qui Israël effugere potuerunt, ingressi sunt civitates munitas.

21 Reversusque est omnis exercitus ad Josue in Maceda, ubi tunc erant castra, sani et integro numero : nullusque contra filios Israël mutire ausus est.

22 Præcepitque Josue, dicens : Aperite os speluncæ, et producite ad me quinque reges, qui in ea latitant.

23 Feceruntque ministri ut sibi fuerat imperatum : et eduxerunt ad eum quinque reges de spelunca, regem Jerusalem, regem Hebron, regem Jerimoth, regem Lachis, regem Eglon.

24 Cumque educti essent ad eum, vocavit omnes viros Israël, et ait ad principes exercitus qui secum erant : Ite, et ponite pedes super colla regum istorum. Qui cum perrexissent, et subjectorum colla pedibus calcarent,

25 rursum ait ad eos : Nolite timere, nec paveatis : confortamini, et estote robusti : sic enim faciet Dominus cunctis hostibus vestris, adversum quos dimicatis.

26 Percussitque Josue, et interfecit eos, atque suspendit super quinque stipites : fueruntque suspensi usque ad vesperum.

27 Cumque occumberet sol, præcepit sociis ut deponerent eos de patibulis. Qui depositos projecerunt in speluncam, in qua latuerant, et posuerunt super os ejus saxa ingentia, quæ permanent usque in præsens.

28 Eodem quoque die, Macedam cepit Josue, et percussit eam in ore gladii, regemque illius interfecit, et omnes habitatores ejus : non dimisit in ea saltem parvas reliquias. Fecitque regi Maceda, sicut fecerat regi Jericho.

29 Transivit autem cum omni Israël de Maceda in Lebna, et pugnabat contra eam :

30 quam tradidit Dominus cum rege suo in manus Israël : percusseruntque urbem in ore gladii, et omnes habitatores ejus : non dimiserunt in ea ullas reliquias. Feceruntque regi Lebna, sicut fecerant regi Jericho.

31 De Lebna transivit in Lachis cum omni Israël : et exercitu per gyrum disposito, oppugnabat eam.

32 Tradiditque Dominus Lachis in manus Israël, et cepit eam die altero, atque percussit in ore gladii, omnemque animam quæ fuerat in ea, sicut fecerat Lebna.

33 Eo tempore ascendit Horam rex Gazer, ut auxiliaretur Lachis : quem percussit Josue cum omni populo ejus usque ad internecionem.

34 Transivitque de Lachis in Eglon, et circumdedit,

35 atque expugnavit eam eadem die : percussitque in ore gladii omnes animas quæ erant in ea, juxta omnia quæ fecerat Lachis.

36 Ascendit quoque cum omni Israël de Eglon in Hebron, et pugnavit contra eam :

37 cepit eam, et percussit in ore gladii, regem quoque ejus, et omnia oppida regionis illius, universasque animas quæ in ea fuerant commoratæ : non reliquit in ea ullas reliquias : sicut fecerat Eglon, sic fecit et Hebron, cuncta quæ in ea reperit consumens gladio.

38 Inde reversus in Dabir,

39 cepit eam atque vastavit : regem quoque ejus atque omnia per circuitum oppida percussit in ore gladii : non dimisit in ea ullas reliquias : sicut fecerat Hebron et Lebna et regibus earum, sic fecit Dabir et regi illius.

40 Percussit itaque Josue omnem terram montanam et meridianam atque campestrem, et Asedoth, cum regibus suis : non dimisit in ea ullas reliquias, sed omne quod spirare poterat interfecit, sicut præceperat ei Dominus Deus Israël,

41 a Cadesbarne usque Gazam. Omnem terram Gosen usque Gabaon,

42 universosque reges, et regiones eorum uno impetu cepit atque vastavit : Dominus enim Deus Israël pugnavit pro eo.

43 Reversusque est cum omni Israël ad locum castrorum in Galgala.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshue 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 9:22, 25, 11:7, 14:14, 25, 23:32, 33

Numeri 13:17

Deuteronomium 1:19, 2:23, 25, 34, 3:2, 7:19, 23, 20:1, 4, 21:23

Joshue 1:5, 6, 9, 8:3, 23, 29, 9:2, 3, 6, 8, 21, 24, 10:14, 15, 42, 43, 11:6, 7, 8, 12, 22, 12:8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 15:35, 39, 19:42, 21:13, 15, 21, 24, 23:3

Judicum 4:14, 15, 16, 5:20, 6:16, 8:21

1 Samuelis 7:10, 11, 12:18, 13:18, 14:31, 15:3, 8, 32, 17:1, 47

2 Samuelis 1:18, 5:25, 12:31, 22:39

3 Regum 20:13, 21

4 Regum 14:19, 19:8, 20:9, 10

Paralipomenon 1 8:13

Paralipomenon 2 11:9, 10, 21:10, 25:13

Nehemiae 9:24

Hiob 7, 38:23

Psalms 18:13, 41, 68:13

Psalmi 149:7

Esaias 28:21, 30:30

Jeremias 48:10

Habakuk 3:11

Sacharia 14:3

Actus Apostolorum 18:9

1 Corinthios 16:13

Apocalypsis 21

Významy biblických slov

rex
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

urbs
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

magna
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

quinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

castrametati sunt
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Galgalis
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

exercitus
Forces denote the power of truth.

viri fortissimi
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

nocte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

percussit
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

lapidibus
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

gladio
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

filii
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

locutus est
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

luna
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

scriptum
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

est
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

stetit
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

dies
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

castra
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

os
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Deus
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

dicens
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

pedibus
Our feet are the lowest parts of our bodies, and they're very useful! In the Bible, feet represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

timere
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

hostibus
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

vesperum
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

præcepit
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Cepit
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

gladii
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

regibus
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

terram
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

meridianam
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

in Galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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