Shoftim 4

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Shoftim 3   Shoftim 5 →     

1 ויספו בני ישראל לעשות הרע בעיני יהוה ואהוד מת׃

2 וימכרם יהוה ביד יבין מלך־כנען אשר מלך בחצור ושר־צבאו סיסרא והוא יושב בחרשת הגוים׃

3 ויצעקו בני־ישראל אל־יהוה כי תשע מאות רכב־ברזל לו והוא לחץ את־בני ישראל בחזקה עשרים שנה׃ ס

4 ודבורה אשה נביאה אשת לפידות היא שפטה את־ישראל בעת ההיא׃

5 והיא יושבת תחת־תמר דבורה בין הרמה ובין בית־אל בהר אפרים ויעלו אליה בני ישראל למשפט׃

6 ותשלח ותקרא לברק בן־אבינעם מקדש נפתלי ותאמר אליו הלא צוה יהוה אלהי־ישראל לך ומשכת בהר תבור ולקחת עמך עשרת אלפים איש מבני נפתלי ומבני זבלון׃

7 ומשכתי אליך אל־נחל קישון את־סיסרא שר־צבא יבין ואת־רכבו ואת־המונו ונתתיהו בידך׃

8 ויאמר אליה ברק אם־תלכי עמי והלכתי ואם־לא תלכי עמי לא אלך׃

9 ותאמר הלך אלך עמך אפס כי לא תהיה תפארתך על־הדרך אשר אתה הולך כי ביד־אשה ימכר יהוה את־סיסרא ותקם דבורה ותלך עם־ברק קדשה׃

10 ויזעק ברק את־זבולן ואת־נפתלי קדשה ויעל ברגליו עשרת אלפי איש ותעל עמו דבורה׃

11 וחבר הקיני נפרד מקין מבני חבב חתן משה ויט אהלו עד־אלון [כ= בצענים] [ק= בצעננים] אשר את־קדש׃

12 ויגדו לסיסרא כי עלה ברק בן־אבינעם הר־תבור׃ ס

13 ויזעק סיסרא את־כל־רכבו תשע מאות רכב ברזל ואת־כל־העם אשר אתו מחרשת הגוים אל־נחל קישון׃

14 ותאמר דברה אל־ברק קום כי זה היום אשר נתן יהוה את־סיסרא בידך הלא יהוה יצא לפניך וירד ברק מהר תבור ועשרת אלפים איש אחריו׃

15 ויהם יהוה את־סיסרא ואת־כל־הרכב ואת־כל־המחנה לפי־חרב לפני ברק וירד סיסרא מעל המרכבה וינס ברגליו׃

16 וברק רדף אחרי הרכב ואחרי המחנה עד חרשת הגוים ויפל כל־מחנה סיסרא לפי־חרב לא נשאר עד־אחד׃

17 וסיסרא נס ברגליו אל־אהל יעל אשת חבר הקיני כי שלום בין יבין מלך־חצור ובין בית חבר הקיני׃

18 ותצא יעל לקראת סיסרא ותאמר אליו סורה אדני סורה אלי אל־תירא ויסר אליה האהלה ותכסהו בשמיכה׃

19 ויאמר אליה השקיני־נא מעט־מים כי צמאתי ותפתח את־נאוד החלב ותשקהו ותכסהו׃

20 ויאמר אליה עמד פתח האהל והיה אם־איש יבוא ושאלך ואמר היש־פה איש ואמרת אין׃

21 ותקח יעל אשת־חבר את־יתד האהל ותשם את־המקבת בידה ותבוא אליו בלאט ותתקע את־היתד ברקתו ותצנח בארץ והוא־נרדם ויעף וימת׃

22 והנה ברק רדף את־סיסרא ותצא יעל לקראתו ותאמר לו לך ואראך את־האיש אשר־אתה מבקש ויבא אליה והנה סיסרא נפל מת והיתד ברקתו׃

23 ויכנע אלהים ביום ההוא את יבין מלך־כנען לפני בני ישראל׃

24 ותלך יד בני־ישראל הלוך וקשה על יבין מלך־כנען עד אשר הכריתו את יבין מלך־כנען׃ ף

← Shoftim 3   Shoftim 5 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Shemot 2:23, 14:4, 8, 17, 15:20

BaMidbar 10:29

Devarim 9:3

Yehoshua 10:8, 10, 11:1, 19:22, 33, 35, 37, 21:32

Shoftim 1:16, 19, 2:11, 14, 19, 3:9, 15, 5:1, 24, 6:6, 35, 7:9, 8:18, 9:53, 54, 10:10

Shmuel A 1:1, 7:10, 17, 12:9, 11

Shmuel B 5:24

Melachim A 18:40

Tehilim 68:8, 28, 83:10, 89:13, 106:42

Yishevah 43:17

Yeremiyah 46:18

הושע 5:1

עברים 11:16, 32

Významy biblických slov

ישראל
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

יהוה
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

מת
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

מלך
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

כנען
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

תשע
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

מאות
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

ברזל
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

עשרים
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

אשה
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

תחת
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

בית
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

אפרים
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

בן
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

נפתלי
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

אלפים
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

איש
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

נחל
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

צבא
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

הר
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

היום
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

חרב
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

לפני
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

רדף
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

מחנה
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

אחד
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

חצור
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

מים
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

עמד
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

יתד
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

נפל
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

יד
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: