Shoftim 5

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1 ותשר דבורה וברק בן־אבינעם ביום ההוא לאמר׃

2 בפרע פרעות בישראל בהתנדב עם ברכו יהוה׃

3 שמעו מלכים האזינו רזנים אנכי ליהוה אנכי אשירה אזמר ליהוה אלהי ישראל׃

4 יהוה בצאתך משעיר בצעדך משדה אדום ארץ רעשה גם־שמים נטפו גם־עבים נטפו מים׃

5 הרים נזלו מפני יהוה זה סיני מפני יהוה אלהי ישראל׃

6 בימי שמגר בן־ענת בימי יעל חדלו ארחות והלכי נתיבות ילכו ארחות עקלקלות׃

7 חדלו פרזון בישראל חדלו עד שקמתי דבורה שקמתי אם בישראל׃

8 יבחר אלהים חדשים אז לחם שערים מגן אם־יראה ורמח בארבעים אלף בישראל׃

9 לבי לחוקקי ישראל המתנדבים בעם ברכו יהוה׃

10 רכבי אתנות צחרות ישבי על־מדין והלכי על־דרך שיחו׃

11 מקול מחצצים בין משאבים שם יתנו צדקות יהוה צדקת פרזנו בישראל אז ירדו לשערים עם־יהוה׃

12 עורי עורי דבורה עורי עורי דברי־שיר קום ברק ושבה שביך בן־אבינעם׃

13 אז ירד שריד לאדירים עם יהוה ירד־לי בגבורים׃

14 מני אפרים שרשם בעמלק אחריך בנימין בעממיך מני מכיר ירדו מחקקים ומזבולן משכים בשבט ספר׃

15 ושרי ביששכר עם־דברה ויששכר כן ברק בעמק שלח ברגליו בפלגות ראובן גדלים חקקי־לב׃

16 למה ישבת בין המשפתים לשמע שרקות עדרים לפלגות ראובן גדולים חקרי־לב׃

17 גלעד בעבר הירדן שכן ודן למה יגור אניות אשר ישב לחוף ימים ועל מפרציו ישכון׃

18 זבלון עם חרף נפשו למות ונפתלי על מרומי שדה׃

19 באו מלכים נלחמו אז נלחמו מלכי כנען בתענך על־מי מגדו בצע כסף לא לקחו׃

20 מן־שמים נלחמו הכוכבים ממסלותם נלחמו עם־סיסרא׃

21 נחל קישון גרפם נחל קדומים נחל קישון תדרכי נפשי עז׃

22 אז הלמו עקבי־סוס מדהרות דהרות אביריו׃

23 אורו מרוז אמר מלאך יהוה ארו ארור ישביה כי לא־באו לעזרת יהוה לעזרת יהוה בגבורים׃

24 תברך מנשים יעל אשת חבר הקיני מנשים באהל תברך׃

25 מים שאל חלב נתנה בספל אדירים הקריבה חמאה׃

26 ידה ליתד תשלחנה וימינה להלמות עמלים והלמה סיסרא מחקה ראשו ומחצה וחלפה רקתו׃

27 בין רגליה כרע נפל שכב בין רגליה כרע נפל באשר כרע שם נפל שדוד׃

28 בעד החלון נשקפה ותיבב אם סיסרא בעד האשנב מדוע בשש רכבו לבוא מדוע אחרו פעמי מרכבותיו׃

29 חכמות שרותיה תענינה אף־היא תשיב אמריה לה׃

30 הלא ימצאו יחלקו שלל רחם רחמתים לראש גבר שלל צבעים לסיסרא שלל צבעים רקמה צבע רקמתים לצוארי שלל׃

31 כן יאבדו כל־אויביך יהוה ואהביו כצאת השמש בגברתו ותשקט הארץ ארבעים שנה׃ ף

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Bereshit 32:4, 35:22, 23, 24, 25

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דרך
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צדקות
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שיר
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

אפרים
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חלב
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נפל
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לבוא
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

שלל
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

ארבעים
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