Shoftim 3

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Hebrew OT: BHS (Consonants Only)     

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1 ואלה הגוים אשר הניח יהוה לנסות בם את־ישראל את כל־אשר לא־ידעו את כל־מלחמות כנען׃

2 רק למען דעת דרות בני־ישראל ללמדם מלחמה רק אשר־לפנים לא ידעום׃

3 חמשת סרני פלשתים וכל־הכנעני והצידני והחוי ישב הר הלבנון מהר בעל חרמון עד לבוא חמת׃

4 ויהיו לנסות בם את־ישראל לדעת הישמעו את־מצות יהוה אשר־צוה את־אבותם ביד־משה׃

5 ובני ישראל ישבו בקרב הכנעני החתי והאמרי והפרזי והחוי והיבוסי׃

6 ויקחו את־בנותיהם להם לנשים ואת־בנותיהם נתנו לבניהם ויעבדו את־אלהיהם׃ ף

7 ויעשו בני־ישראל את־הרע בעיני יהוה וישכחו את־יהוה אלהיהם ויעבדו את־הבעלים ואת־האשרות׃

8 ויחר־אף יהוה בישראל וימכרם ביד כושן רשעתים מלך ארם נהרים ויעבדו בני־ישראל את־כושן רשעתים שמנה שנים׃

9 ויזעקו בני־ישראל אל־יהוה ויקם יהוה מושיע לבני ישראל ויושיעם את עתניאל בן־קנז אחי כלב הקטן ממנו׃

10 ותהי עליו רוח־יהוה וישפט את־ישראל ויצא למלחמה ויתן יהוה בידו את־כושן רשעתים מלך ארם ותעז ידו על כושן רשעתים׃

11 ותשקט הארץ ארבעים שנה וימת עתניאל בן־קנז׃ ף

12 ויספו בני ישראל לעשות הרע בעיני יהוה ויחזק יהוה את־עגלון מלך־מואב על־ישראל על כי־עשו את־הרע בעיני יהוה׃

13 ויאסף אליו את־בני עמון ועמלק וילך ויך את־ישראל ויירשו את־עיר התמרים׃

14 ויעבדו בני־ישראל את־עגלון מלך־מואב שמונה עשרה שנה׃ ס

15 ויזעקו בני־ישראל אל־יהוה ויקם יהוה להם מושיע את־אהוד בן־גרא בן־הימיני איש אטר יד־ימינו וישלחו בני־ישראל בידו מנחה לעגלון מלך מואב׃

16 ויעש לו אהוד חרב ולה שני פיות גמד ארכה ויחגר אותה מתחת למדיו על ירך ימינו׃

17 ויקרב את־המנחה לעגלון מלך מואב ועגלון איש בריא מאד׃

18 ויהי כאשר כלה להקריב את־המנחה וישלח את־העם נשאי המנחה׃

19 והוא שב מן־הפסילים אשר את־הגלגל ויאמר דבר־סתר לי אליך המלך ויאמר הס ויצאו מעליו כל־העמדים עליו׃

20 ואהוד בא אליו והוא־ישב בעלית המקרה אשר־לו לבדו ויאמר אהוד דבר־אלהים לי אליך ויקם מעל הכסא׃

21 וישלח אהוד את־יד שמאלו ויקח את־החרב מעל ירך ימינו ויתקעה בבטנו׃

22 ויבא גם־הנצב אחר הלהב ויסגר החלב בעד הלהב כי לא שלף החרב מבטנו ויצא הפרשדנה׃

23 ויצא אהוד המסדרונה ויסגר דלתות העליה בעדו ונעל׃

24 והוא יצא ועבדיו באו ויראו והנה דלתות העליה נעלות ויאמרו אך מסיך הוא את־רגליו בחדר המקרה׃

25 ויחילו עד־בוש והנה איננו פתח דלתות העליה ויקחו את־המפתח ויפתחו והנה אדניהם נפל ארצה מת׃

26 ואהוד נמלט עד התמהמהם והוא עבר את־הפסילים וימלט השעירתה׃

27 ויהי בבואו ויתקע בשופר בהר אפרים וירדו עמו בני־ישראל מן־ההר והוא לפניהם׃

28 ויאמר אלהם רדפו אחרי כי־נתן יהוה את־איביכם את־מואב בידכם וירדו אחריו וילכדו את־מעברות הירדן למואב ולא־נתנו איש לעבר׃

29 ויכו את־מואב בעת ההיא כעשרת אלפים איש כל־שמן וכל־איש חיל ולא נמלט איש׃

30 ותכנע מואב ביום ההוא תחת יד ישראל ותשקט הארץ שמונים שנה׃ ס

31 ואחריו היה שמגר בן־ענת ויך את־פלשתים שש־מאות איש במלמד הבקר וישע גם־הוא את־ישראל׃ ס

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Bereshit 24:10

Shemot 34:16

VaYikra 26:17

BaMidbar 13:29, 23:18

Devarim 8:11, 14, 18

Yehoshua 2:7, 13:3

Shoftim 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

Shmuel A 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

Shmuel B 4:6, 20:9, 10

Melachim A 9:20, 11:3

Dvrei Yamim A 8:3, 5

Dvrei Yamim B 9:24, 15:1

Nechemiyah 4:14

Tehilim 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

הושע 6:4

2 קורינתיים 14

Významy biblických slov

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מלחמות
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הר
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אף
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רוח
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ארם
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

ארבעים
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איש
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יד
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חרב
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ירך
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בא
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דלתות
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נפל
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מת
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

עבר
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אפרים
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אלפים
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שמן
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תחת
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שש
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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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