Amos 4

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1 Hør dette Ord, I basankøer, I, som bor på Samarias Bjerg og kuer de ringe, knuser de fattige og byder eders Herrer: "Giv hid, at vi kan drikke!"

2 Den Herre HE EN svor ved sin Hellighed: Se, over eder skal Dage komme, da I drages op med Hager, de sidste af jer med Kroge,

3 og slæbes gennem Murbrud een for een og slænges på Mødding, lyder det fra HE EN.

4 Kom til Betel og synd, til Gilgal og synd end mer, bring Slagtofre næste Morgen, Tiender Tredjedagen,

5 brænd syret Brød til Takoffer, byd højlydt til Frivilligofre! I elsker jo sligt, Israeliter, lyder det fra den Herre HE EN.

6 Og dog gav jeg eder tomme Munde i alle eders Byer og Brødmangel i alle eders Hjemsteder; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

7 Dog forholdt jeg eder egnen, da der endnu var tre Måneder til Høst; på een, By lod jeg det regne og ikke på en anden; een Mark fik egn, og en anden fik ikke og tørrede hen;

8 to tre Byer kom vankende hen til en anden for at få Vand at drikke og fik ikke Tørsten slukket; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

9 Jeg slog eder med Kornbrand og ust og udtørrede eders Haver og Vingårde, og Græshopper åd eders Figentræer og Oliventræer; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

10 Jeg sendte Pest iblandt eder som i Ægypten; jeg vog eders unge Mænd med Sværdet, og samtidig gjordes eders Heste til Bytte; jeg lod Stank fra eders Lejr stige op i eders Næse; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

11 Jeg omstyrtede Byer iblandt eder, som da Gud omstyrtede Sodoma og Gomorra, og I blev som en Brand, der er reddet fra Bålet; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

12 Derfor vil jeg handle således med dig, Israel. Fordi jeg vil handle således med dig, så gør dig rede til at møde din Gud, Israel!

13 Thi se: Bjergenes Skaber og Stormens Ophav, han, som kundgør et Menneske dets Tanker, som frembringer Gry og Mørke og vandrer på Jordens Høje, HE EN, Hærskarers Gud erhans Navn.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

bjerg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

drikke
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

svor
'To sware' is a binding.

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

elsker
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

høst
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vand
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

pest
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

heste
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

lejr
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

næse
'A nose' signifies the life of good, because of the respiration which happens through it, which is life in the internal sense, and because of...

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Sodoma
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

møde
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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