Amos 4

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 Hør dette Ord, I basankøer, I, som bor på Samarias Bjerg og kuer de ringe, knuser de fattige og byder eders Herrer: "Giv hid, at vi kan drikke!"

2 Den Herre HE EN svor ved sin Hellighed: Se, over eder skal Dage komme, da I drages op med Hager, de sidste af jer med Kroge,

3 og slæbes gennem Murbrud een for een og slænges på Mødding, lyder det fra HE EN.

4 Kom til Betel og synd, til Gilgal og synd end mer, bring Slagtofre næste Morgen, Tiender Tredjedagen,

5 brænd syret Brød til Takoffer, byd højlydt til Frivilligofre! I elsker jo sligt, Israeliter, lyder det fra den Herre HE EN.

6 Og dog gav jeg eder tomme Munde i alle eders Byer og Brødmangel i alle eders Hjemsteder; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

7 Dog forholdt jeg eder egnen, da der endnu var tre Måneder til Høst; på een, By lod jeg det regne og ikke på en anden; een Mark fik egn, og en anden fik ikke og tørrede hen;

8 to tre Byer kom vankende hen til en anden for at få Vand at drikke og fik ikke Tørsten slukket; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

9 Jeg slog eder med Kornbrand og ust og udtørrede eders Haver og Vingårde, og Græshopper åd eders Figentræer og Oliventræer; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

10 Jeg sendte Pest iblandt eder som i Ægypten; jeg vog eders unge Mænd med Sværdet, og samtidig gjordes eders Heste til Bytte; jeg lod Stank fra eders Lejr stige op i eders Næse; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

11 Jeg omstyrtede Byer iblandt eder, som da Gud omstyrtede Sodoma og Gomorra, og I blev som en Brand, der er reddet fra Bålet; men I omvendte eder ikke til mig, lyder det fra HE EN.

12 Derfor vil jeg handle således med dig, Israel. Fordi jeg vil handle således med dig, så gør dig rede til at møde din Gud, Israel!

13 Thi se: Bjergenes Skaber og Stormens Ophav, han, som kundgør et Menneske dets Tanker, som frembringer Gry og Mørke og vandrer på Jordens Høje, HE EN, Hærskarers Gud erhans Navn.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 19:24

Exodus 9:3

Leviticus 7:12, 13, 22:18, 26:23

Numbers 21:33, 28:3

Deuteronomy 21, 42

Ruth 1:1

2 Kings 8:1, 13:7

Job 9:7, 24:4

Psalms 89:36

Proverbs 22:7

Isaiah 1:1, 11, 9:12, 28:1, 45:7, 56:12

Jeremiah 3:3, 5:3, 10:13, 14:3, 16:16, 46:18, 50:40

Ezekiel 20:39, 34:16

Hosea 9:15, 11:5, 12:6

Joel 1:4

Amos 2:7, 8, 3:1, 3, 9, 10, 5:5, 8, 11, 27, 6:7, 7:1

Micah 1:3, 2:2, 3:2

Haggai 2:17

Zechariah 3:2

Matthew 23:23

Word/Phrase Explanations

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


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