Amos 5

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1 Hør dette Ord, en klagesang, som jeg istemmer over eder, Israels Hus:

2 Hun er faldet og rejser sig ikke, Israels Jomfru, henstrakt på sin Jord, og ingen rejser hende op.

3 Thi så siger den Herre HE EN: Den By, som går i Leding med tusind, får hundred tilbage, og den som går i Leding med hundred, får ti tilbage i Israels Hus.

4 Thi så siger HE EN til Israels Hus: Søg mig, så skal I leve!

5 Søg ikke til Betel, gå ikke til Gilgal, drag ikke til Beersjeba! Thi Gilgal skal blive landflygtig, og Betel skal blive til intet.

6 Søg HE EN, så skal I leve, at ikke en Lue slår ud, en ædende Ild mod Josefs Hus, og Betel har ingen, som slukker.

7 Ve dem, som gør et til Malurt og kaster etfærd i Støvet!

8 Syvstjernens og Orions Skaber, han, som vender Mulm til Morgen og gør Dag til Nattemørke, som kalder ad Havets Vande og gyder dem ud over Jorden, HE EN er hans Navn!

9 Han lader Ødelæggelse bryde ind over Borge, Ødelæggelse komme over Fæstninger.

10 De hader ettens Talsmand i Porten og afskyr den, som taler sandt.

11 Derfor, da I træder på den ringe og tager Afgift af hans Korn, skal I vel bygge Kvaderstenshuse, men ikke bo den; I skal vel plante yndige Vingårde, men Vinen skal I ikke drikke.

12 Jeg ved, eders Overtrædelser er mange og uden Tal eders Synder, I ettens Fjender, som tager mod Bøde og bortviser fattige i Porten.

13 Derfor tier den kloge i denne Tid, thi det er onde Tider.

14 Søg det gode, ej det onde, for at I må leve og Hærskarers Gud, må være med eder, som I siger, han er.

15 Had det onde og elsk det gode, hold etten i Hævd i Porten! Måske vil da HE EN, Hærskarers Gud, være nådig mod Josefs est.

16 Derfor, så siger HE EN, Herren, Hærskarers Gud: På alle Torve skal klages, i alle Gader råbes: "Ve! Ve!" Bonden kalder til Sorg, til Ligklage Klagemænd;

17 i hver en Vingård skal klages, når jeg drager igennem din Midte, siger HE EN.

18 Ve eder, som længes efter HE ENs Dag,! Hvad vil I med HE ENs Dag? Mørke er den, ej Lys.

19 Da går det, som når en Mand flyr for en Løve og møder en Bjørn og, når han tyr ind i Huset og støtter sin Hånd til Væggen, bides af en Slange.

20 Ja, HE ENs Dag er Mørke, ej Lys, Bælgmørke uden Solskin.

21 Jeg hader, forsmår eders Fester, er led ved eders festlige Samlinger,

22 om også I bringer mig Brændofre. Eders Afgrødeofre behager mig ej, eders Fedekvægs-Takofre ser jeg ej til.

23 Spar mig dog for eders larmende Sang, eders Harpeklang hører jeg ikke.

24 Nej, et skal vælde frem som Vand og etfærd som svulmende Bæk.

25 Bragte I mig Slagtoffer og Afgrødeoffer de fyrretyve Ørkenår, Israels Hus?

26 Så skal I da bære Sakkut, eders Konge, og Kevan, eders Gudestjerne, Billeder, som I har lavet eder.

27 I Landflygtighed jager jeg eder hinsides Damaskus, siger HE EN; Hærskarers Gud er hans Navn.

  


Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fifth chapter of the Book of Amos, the first three verses (Amos 5:1-3) state the Lord's sorrow that the church - the truth from the Divine flowing into the world - has successively been devastated. (That was seen in Amos 4). When, in verse 3, it says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left,” it means that very little truth is left to nourish the people. This bad state is their own doing.

In Amos 5:4-9, amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” and then names traps, or spiritual states, that will turn people away from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba.

- The first, Bethel, here stands for falsifying knowledges.
- The second, Gilgal, signifies sensuous or external pleasures.
- The third, Beersheba, symbolized the last negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine. (See Arcana Coelestia 3923).

The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” in Amos 5:7, i.e. they turn good into evil. (Arcana Coelestia 1488)

The Lord wants the people to return to Him, and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “made the Pleiades and Orion,” and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong”.

In Amos 5:10-13, in their love of their own intelligence, people continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them."

Stone meaning truths in our natural minds. (Apocalypse Explained 745). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from ourselves, or our own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (Arcana Coelestia 9852).

In Amos 5:14-15, the path is shown for the way the Lord can be with us: “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph”. That remnant is a small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us. (Arcana Coelestia 3921).

In Amos 5:16-20, people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?”, for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him.”

In Amos 5:21-22, God warns that people's fear-spurred worship won’t be accepted. He says, “I hate, I despise your feast days”. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in.

In verses 23-25, "Take away your noisy songs and melodies," the Lord says, i.e. take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because it lacks internal goodness and truth. In its place, in one of the Bible's memorable images, Jehovah says, "Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream”.

Then, at the end, in verses 26-27, the warning is clear: if the people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, as shown in verse 27:

“Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus”.

Damascus was the furthest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also referred to in Ezekiel 47:16-18. See also Apocalypse Explained 1088.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51, 82, 689, 761


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 26:23, 33

Exodus 11:4, 23:3, 6

Tredje Mosebog 26:16

5 Mosebog 28:30, 62, 63, 32:22

Joshua 5:9

1 Samuel 15:22

1 Konger 14:15, 21:20

2 Konger 15:29, 17:23, 18:36, 20:3, 23:8

2 Krønikebog 15:2, 20:3, 4, 24:20, 21, 34:25

Job 9:9, 20:19

Salmernes 34:13, 69:33, 97:10, 105:4

Ordsprogene 15:8, 21:27

Prædikeren 10:8

Esajas 1:14, 5:19, 20, 10:2, 3, 24:18, 46:12, 58:2

Jeremias 4:4, 9:9, 16, 21, 18:8, 13, 22:3, 33:2, 38:20, 48:13

Ezekiel 20:16, 21:3, 34:21, 45:9

Hoseas 4:3, 4, 15, 9:2, 10:12

Joel 2:2

Amos 1:5, 2:7, 3:1, 15, 4:1, 4, 13, 6:7, 12, 7:9, 10, 8:14, 9:6, 14

Jonah 3:9

Micah 2:3, 3:2, 9, 11, 6:15

Habakkuk 1:4

Zefanias 2:3

Matthew 24:29

Apostlenes handlinger 7:42, 43

Romerne 12:9

Galaterne 4:16

Efeserne 5:16

Hebræerne 12:29

James 5:6

Významy biblických slov

hør
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Klagesang
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

rejser sig
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

jomfru
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

siger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

by
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

tusind
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Søg
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

ild
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

malurt
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

kalder
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

jorden
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

hader
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

som taler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

taler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

bygge
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

plante
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

drikke
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

overtrædelser
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

synder
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

had
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

HERREN
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gader
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

sorg
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

vingård
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

mørke
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

lys
In the Word, “light” in the highest sense represents Divine Truth: knowledge, ideas, understanding that come to us from the Lord. In lesser degrees...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

flyr
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

løve
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

møder
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

slange
Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...

sang
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.

vand
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

bæk
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

billeder
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

Damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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