士师记 2

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1 耶和华的使者在波金显现

2 你们不可与这地的居民立约,要拆毁他们的祭坛。’你们竟没有从我的话;你们作的是什么呢?

3 因此我又:‘我必不把他们从你们面前赶走,他们要作你们的敌人,他们的要作你们的网罗。’”

4 耶和华的使者对以色列众人这些的时候,众人就放声大哭。

5 于是给那地方起名波金;他们在那里向耶和华献祭。

6 约书亚逝世约书亚遣散了众以色列人就各归自己承受的地业,要占有那地。

7 约书亚在世的时候,以及他去世以后,那些见过耶和华以色列人所行的事的众长老还在的日子,众人都事奉耶和华

8 耶和华的仆人,嫩的儿子约书亚,在一岁的时候就死了

9 以色列人把他埋葬在他地业的境内,就是以法莲地,在迦实面的亭拿.希烈。

10 那一的人都归到他们的列祖那里以,有另一的人兴起来了;他们不认识耶和华,也不知道耶和华以色列人所行的事。

11 以色列人违背神的恶果以色列人行了耶和华看为恶的事,去事奉众巴力;

12 他们离弃了领他们出埃及耶和华、他们列祖的,去跟从别的,就是他们周围各族的,敬拜他们,惹耶和华发怒。

13 他们离弃了耶和华,去事奉巴力和亚斯他录。

14 耶和华的怒气向以色列人发作,就把他们交在抢掠的人中,他们就抢掠他们;他又把他们完全交在他们四围的仇敌中,以致他们在仇敌面前再不能站立得住。

15 他们无论去哪里,耶和华的总是加害他们,好像耶和华说过的,又像耶和华对他们起誓过的;他们就非常困苦。

16 耶和华兴起了士师,士师就拯他们脱离抢掠他们的人的

17 但他们连士师也不从,竟与别的行了奸淫,敬拜他们;他们迅速偏离了他们列祖所行、耶和华命令道路,他们没有照样行。

18 耶和华为他们兴起士师的时候,耶和华就与那士师同在;那士师在世的日子,耶和华总是拯他们脱离仇敌的;因为他们在压迫和苦害他们的人底下发出哀声,耶和华就怜悯他们。

19 可是士师死了,他们就而行恶,比他们的列祖更厉害,去随从别的,事奉和敬拜他们,总不放弃他们的恶行和顽梗的行径。

20 于是耶和华的怒气向以色列人发作,:“因为这国的人违背我吩咐他们列祖的约,不从我的话,

21 因此,约书亚后仍剩下来的列国,我也不再从他们面前赶走,

22 为要借着他们试验以色列人,看他们肯不肯谨守遵行耶和华的道路,像他们的列祖一样谨守。”

23 这样,耶和华留下这些国的民,不迅速把他们赶走,也不把他们交在约书亚里。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Významy biblických slov

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

见过
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

长老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

以法莲
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

埃及
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

站立
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

说过
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

命令
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

道路
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

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