士师记 3

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1 耶和华留下这几族,为要试验那不曾知道迦南争战之事的以色列人

2 好叫以色列的知道又学习未曾晓得的战事。

3 所留下的就是非利士的个首领和一切迦南人、西顿人,并利巴嫩的希未人,从巴力黑们直到哈马口。

4 留下这几族,为要试验以色列人知道他们肯耶和华摩西吩咐他们列祖的诫命不肯。

5 以色列人在迦南人、赫人、亚摩利人、比利洗人、希未人、耶布斯人中间,

6 娶他们的女儿为妻,将自己的女儿他们的儿子,并事奉他们的

7 以色列人耶和华眼中看为恶的事,忘记耶和华─他们的,去事奉诸巴力和亚舍拉,

8 所以耶和华的怒气向以色列人发作,就把他们交在米所波大米古珊利萨田的中。以色列人服事古珊利萨田年。

9 以色列人呼求耶和华的时候,耶和华就为他们兴起一位拯他们,就是迦勒兄弟基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂。

10 耶和华的灵降在他身上,他就作了以色列的士师,出去争战。耶和华将米所波大米古珊利萨田交在他中,他便胜了古珊利萨田。

11 於是国中太平四十年。基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂死了

12 以色列人又行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,耶和华就使摩押伊矶伦强盛,攻击以色列人

13 伊矶伦招聚亚扪人和亚玛力人,去攻打以色列人,占据棕树城。

14 於是以色列人服事摩押伊矶伦十年。

15 以色列人呼求耶和华的时候,耶和华就为他们兴起一位拯者,就是便雅悯基拉的儿子以笏;他是左便利的。以色列人托他送礼物摩押伊矶伦。

16 以笏打了一把两刃的一肘,带在右衣服里面。

17 他将礼物献给摩押伊矶伦(原来伊矶伦极其肥胖);

18 以笏献完礼物,便将抬礼物的人打发走了,

19 自己却从靠近吉甲凿石之地回来啊,我有一件机密事奏告你。:?避罢!於是左右侍立的人都退去了。

20 以笏到王面前;王独自一人在凉楼上。以笏:我奉的命报告你一件事。王就从座位上站起来

21 以笏便伸左,从右上拔出来,刺入王的肚腹,

22 把都刺进去了。被肥肉夹住,他没有从王的肚腹拔出,且穿通了身。

23 以笏就出到游廊,将楼尽都锁。

24 以笏出之後,王的仆人到了,见楼关锁,就:他必是在楼上大解。

25 他们等烦了,见仍不开楼,就拿钥匙开了,不料,他们的人已,倒在地上。

26 他们耽延的时候,以笏就逃跑了,经过凿石之地,逃到西伊拉;

27 到了,就在以法莲地吹角。以色列人随着他地,他在前头引路,

28 对他们:你们随我来,因为耶和华已经把你们的仇敌摩押人交在你们中。於是他们跟着他去,把守约但河的渡口,不容摩押过去。

29 那时击杀了摩押人约有一万,都是强壮的勇士,没有一逃脱。

30 这样,摩押就被以色列人制伏了。国中太平八十年。

31 以笏之,有亚拿的儿子珊迦,他用赶牛的棍子打死非利士人。他也以色列人

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

揭秘启示录 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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耶和华
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知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

诫命
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

女儿
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

忘记
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

耶和华的
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The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

兄弟
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

礼物
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...


A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...


'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.


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肥胖
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吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

回来
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As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

座位
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起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


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There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

仆人
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To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

开了
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.


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以法莲
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"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

摩押人
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

八十
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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