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1917 års bibelöversättning         

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1 Och Hanna bad och sade: »Mitt hjärta fröjdar sig i HERREN; mitt horn är upphöjt genom HERREN. Min mun är vitt upplåten mot mina fiender; ty jag gläder mig över din frälsning.

2 Ingen är helig såsom HERREN ty ingen finnes förutom dig; ingen klippa är såsom vår Gud.

3 Fören icke beständigt så mycket högmodigt tal; vad fräckt är gånge icke ut ur eder mun. Ty HERREN är en Gud som vet allt, och hos honom vägas gärningarna.

4 Hjältarnas bågar äro sönderbrutna, men de stapplande omgjorda sig med kraft.

5 De som voro mätta måste taga lega för bröd, men de som ledo hunger hungra icke mer. Ja, den ofruktsamma föder sju barn, men den moder som fick många barn vissnar bort.

6 HERREN dödar och gör levande, han för ned i dödsriket och upp därifrån.

7 HERREN gör fattig, han gör ock rik; han ödmjukar, men han upphöjer ock.

8 Han upprättar den ringe ur stoftet, ur dyn lyfter han den fattige upp, ty han vill låta dem sitta bredvid furstar, och en härlig tron giver han dem till arvedel. Ty jordens grundfästen äro HERRENS, och jordkretsen har han ställt på dem.

9 Sina frommas fötter bevarar han, men de ogudaktiga förgöras i mörkret, ty ingen förmår något genom egen kraft.

10 De som strida mot HERREN bliva krossade, ovan dem dundrar han i himmelen; ja, HERREN dömer jordens ändar. Men han giver makt åt sin konung, han upphöjer sin smordes horn.

11 Och Elkana gick hem igen till Rama; gossen däremot gjorde tjänst inför HERREN under prästen Eli.

12 Men Elis söner voro onda män, de ville icke veta av HERREN.

13 På följande sätt plägade nämligen prästerna gå till väga med folket: så ofta någon offrade ett slaktoffer, kom prästens tjänare, medan köttet koktes, och hade en treuddig gaffel i sin hand;

14 den stack han ned i kitteln eller pannan eller krukan eller grytan, och allt vad han så fick upp med gaffeln, det tog prästen. Så gjorde de mot alla israeliter som kommo dit till Silo.

15 Ja, till och med innan man hade förbränt det feta, kom prästens tjänare och sade till den som offrade: »Giv hit kött, så att jag kan steka det åt prästen, ty han vill icke hava kokt kött av dig, utan rått.»

16 Om då mannen svarade honom: »Först skall man nu förbränna det feta; tag sedan vad dig lyster», så sade han: »Nej, nu strax skall du lämna det, eljest tager jag det med våld.»

17 Och de unga männens synd var så mycket större inför HERREN som folket därigenom lärde sig att förakta HERRENS offer.

18 Men Samuel gjorde tjänst inför HERRENS ansikte, och var redan såsom gosse iklädd linne-efod.

19 Därtill plägade hans moder vart år göra åt honom en liten kåpa, som hon hade med sig till honom, när hon jämte sin man begav sig upp för att offra det årliga slaktoffret.

20 Då plägade Eli välsigna Elkana jämte hans hustru och säga: »HERREN skänke dig ytterligare avkomma med denna kvinna, i stället för den som hon utbad sig genom sin bön till HERREN.» Och så gingo de hem igen.

21 Och HERREN såg till Hanna, och hon blev havande och födde tre söner och två döttrar. Men gossen Samuel växte upp i HERRENS hus.

22 Då nu Eli, som var mycket gammal, fick höra allt vad hans söner gjorde mot hela Israel, och att de lågo hos de kvinnor som hade tjänstgöring vid ingången till uppenbarelsetältet,

23 sade han till dem: »Varför gören sådant, allt detta onda som jag hör allt folket här tala om eder?

24 Icke så, mina söner! Det rykte jag hör vara gängse bland HERRENS folk är icke gott.

25 Om en människa försyndar sig mot en annan, så kan Gud medla för henne; men om en människa försyndar sig mot HERREN, vem kan då göra sig till medlare för henne?» Men de lyssnade icke till sin faders ord, ty HERREN ville döda dem.

26 Gossen Samuel däremot växte till i ålder och välbehag både för HERREN och för människor.

27 Och en gudsman kom till Eli och sade till honom: »Så säger HERREN: Har jag icke uppenbarat mig för din faders hus, när de ännu voro i Egypten och tjänade Faraos hus?

28 Och har jag icke utvalt honom bland alla Israels stammar till präst åt mig, till att offra på mitt altare och antända rökelse och bära efod inför mitt ansikte? Och gav jag icke åt din faders hus Israels barns alla eldsoffer?

29 Varför förtrampen I då de slaktoffer och spisoffer som jag har påbjudit i min boning? Och huru kan du ära dina söner mer än mig, så att I göden eder med det bästa av var offergåva som mitt folk Israel bär fram?

30 Därför säger HERREN, Israels Gud: Väl har jag sagt att ditt och din faders hus skulle få göra tjänst inför mig evärdligen. Men nu säger HERREN: Bort det! Ty dem som ära mig vill jag ock ära, men de som förakta mig skola komma på skam.

31 Se, dagar skola komma, då jag skall avhugga din arm och din faders hus' arm, så att ingen skall bliva gammal i ditt hus.

32 Och du skall få se min boning lida nöd, trots allt det goda som vederfares Israel. Och ingen skall någonsin bliva gammal i ditt eget hus.

33 Dock vill jag icke från mitt altare utrota var man av din slakt, så att jag kommer dina ögon att förtvina och din själ att försmäkta; men alla som växa upp i ditt hus skola , när de hava hunnit till manlig ålder.

34 Och tecknet härtill skall för dig vara det som skall övergå dina båda söner Hofni och Pinehas: på en och samma dag skola de båda .

35 Men jag skall låta en präst uppstå åt mig, som bliver beståndande, en som gör efter vad i mitt hjärta och min själ är; åt honom skall jag bygga ett hus som bliver beståndande, och han skall göra tjänst inför min smorde beständigt.

36 Och var och en som bliver kvar: av ditt hus skall komma och falla ned för honom, för att få en silverpenning eller en kaka bröd; han skall säga: 'Anställ mig vid någon prästsyssla, så att jag får en bit bröd att äta.'»

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Caelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Významy biblických slov

hanna
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

hjärta
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

mun
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

fiender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

frälsning
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.

Gud
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

bågar
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

mätta
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

bröd
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Hunger
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

ofruktsamma
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

sju
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

många
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

dödsriket
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

stoftet
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

sitta
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

tron
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

fötter
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

ogudaktiga
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

mörkret
"Darkness" är ett tillstånd utan ljus. "Ljus" är sanning från Herren, så "mörker" representerar ett tillstånd där sanningen saknas. Här är en cogent passage från...

dundrar
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

himmelen
Himlarna är himmelska och andliga saker. Följaktligen är det inre saker, både av Herrens rike i himlen och på jorden. Detta hänvisar också till kyrkan,...

giver
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Makt
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

konung
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

söner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

sätt
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

prästerna
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

prästens
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israeliter
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

kött
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

kokt
'To seethe' signifies destroying truths and goods by falsities.

synd
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

större
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

förakta
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

ansikte
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

moder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

välsigna
Herren är perfekt kärlek uttryckt som perfekt visdom. Han skapade oss så att han kunde älska oss, kunna ge oss vår egen kärlek och visdom...

hustru
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

säga
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kvinna
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

till
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

blev
Att tigga eller bli född är mycket lik betydelse som födelse: Det representerar ett andligt tillstånd som leder till nästa andliga tillstånd. "Beget" är emellertid...

födde
I allmän mening representerar det att vara "född" i Bibeln ett andligt tillstånd som producerar ett annat, vanligtvis någon form av kärlek eller tillgivenhet som...

tre
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

två
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

döttrar
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

gammal
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

höra
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

kvinnor
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

uppenbarelsetältet
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

hör
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

gott
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

säger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Egypten
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Faraos
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

stammar
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

altare
Det första altaret som nämns i Ordet byggdes av Noah efter att han kom ut ur arken. På det altaret offrade han rena djur till...

dagar
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

komma
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

ögon
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

själ
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

manlig
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

bygga
Det finns verkligen två betydelser för "bygga" i Bibeln. När något byggs för första gången, eller byggs i den mest typiska meningen, betyder det att...

äta
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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