1 Samuelsboken 1

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1 I Ramataim-Sofim, i Efraims bergsbygd, levde en man som hette Elkana, son till Jeroham, son till Elihu, son till Tohu, son till Suf, en efraimit.

2 Han hade två hustrur; den ena hette Hanna, den andra Peninna. Och Peninna hade barn, men Hanna var barnlös.

3 Den mannen begav sig år efter år upp från sin stad för att tillbedja och offra åt HERREN Sebaot i Silo, där Elis båda söner, Hofni och Pinehas, då voro HERRENS präster.

4 En dag offrade nu Elkana. Och han plägade giva sin hustru Peninna och alla hennes söner och döttrar var sin andel av offret;

5 men åt Hanna gav han då en dubbelt så stor andel, ty han hade Hanna kär, fastän HERREN hade gjort henne ofruktsam.

6 Men hennes medtävlerska plägade, för att väcka hennes vrede, mycket retas med henne, därför att HERREN hade gjort henne ofruktsam.

7 För vart år, så ofta hon hade kommit upp till HERRENS hus, gjorde han på samma sätt, och den andra retades då med henne på samma sätt. Och nu grät hon och åt intet.

8 Då sade hennes man Elkana till henne: »Hanna, varför gråter du? Varför äter du icke? Varför är du så sorgsen? Är jag icke mer för dig än tio söner?

9 En gång när de hade ätit och druckit i Silo hände sig, medan prästen Eli satt på sin stol vid dörren till HERRENS tempel, att Hanna stod upp

10 och i sin djupa bedrövelse begynte bedja till HERREN under bitter gråt.

11 Och hon gjorde ett löfte och sade: HERRE Sebaot, om du vill se till din tjänarinnas lidande och tänka på mig och icke förgäta din tjänarinna, utan giva din tjänarinna en manlig avkomling, så vill jag giva denne åt HERREN för hela hans liv, och ingen rakkniv skall komma på hans huvud

12 När hon nu länge så bad inför HERREN och Eli därvid gav akt på hennes mun

13 -- Hanna talade nämligen i sitt hjärta; allenast hennes läppar rörde sig, men hennes röst hördes icke -- då trodde Eli att hon var drucken.

14 Därför sade Eli till henne: »Huru länge skall du bete dig såsom en drucken? Laga så, att ruset går av dig.»

15 Men Hanna svarade och sade: »Nej, min herre, jag är en hårt prövad kvinna; vin och starka drycker har jag icke druckit, men jag utgöt nu min själ för HERREN.

16 Anse icke din tjänarinna för en ond kvinna, ty det är mitt myckna bekymmer och min myckna sorg som har drivit mig att tala ända till denna stund.»

17 svarade Eli och sade: »Gå i frid. Israels Gud skall giva dig vad du har utbett dig av honom.»

18 Hon sade: »Låt din tjänarinna finna nåd för dina ögon.» Så gick kvinnan sin väg och fick sig mat, och hon såg sedan icke mer så sorgsen ut.

19 Bittida följande morgon, sedan de hade tillbett inför HERREN, vände de tillbaka och kommo hem igen till Rama. Och Elkana kände sin hustru Hanna, och HERREN tänkte på henne,

20 Och Hanna blev havande och födde en son, när tiden hade gått om; denne gav hon namnet Samuel, »ty», sade hon, »av HERREN har jag utbett mig honom.»

21 När sedan mannen Elkana med hela sitt hus begav sig upp för att offra åt HERREN sitt årliga slaktoffer och sitt löftesoffer,

22 gick Hanna icke med ditupp, utan sade till sin man: »Jag vill vänta, till dess att gossen har blivit avvand, då skall jag föra honom med mig, för att han må ställas fram inför HERRENS ansikte och sedan stanna där för alltid.»

23 Hennes man Elkana sade till henne: »Gör vad du finner för gott; stanna, till dess du har avvant honom; må HERREN allenast uppfylla sitt ord.» Så stannade då hustrun hemma och gav sin son di, till dess hon skulle avvänja honom.

24 Men sedan hon hade avvant honom, tog hon honom med sig ditupp, jämte tre tjurar, en efa mjöl och en vinlägel; så förde hon honom in i HERRENS hus i Silo. Men gossen var ännu helt ung.

25 Och de slaktade tjuren och förde så gossen fram till Eli.

26 Och hon sade: »Hör mig, min herre; så sant du lever, min herre, jag är den kvinna som stod här bredvid dig och bad till HERREN.

27 Om denne gosse bad jag; nu har HERREN givit mig vad jag utbad mig av honom.

28 Därför vill ock jag nu giva honom tillbaka åt HERREN; så länge han lever, skall han vara given åt HERREN.» Och de tillbådo där HERREN.

← Rut 4   1 Samuelsboken 2 →
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Exploring the Meaning of 1st Book of Samuel, Chapter 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Garry Walsh

The 1st Book of Samuel opens with a story about a man named Elkanah and his two wives. One wife, Peninnah, had borne children. The other, Hannah, whom he loved especially well, was childless. Whenever it was the family’s time to bring an offering to the Lord at the tabernacle in Shiloh, Elkanah gave Hannah a double portion for her to offer, to show his love for her and his desire that she might be blessed.

On one of these visits to Shiloh, Hannah, in a state of deep religious conviction and emotional distress, pleaded in a prayer to the Lord that she might have a child. Eli, the high priest, seeing her mouth move but no words coming out, thought that she must have been drunk. She declared that she had not had any strong drink, but that she was expressing the grief in her heart. Eli understood, then, and sent her on her way with his blessing.

Soon, a child was conceived. Hannah gave birth to a son who she named Samuel. The name “Samuel” literally means “God heard.” It was her decision to keep him home with her until he was weaned. Once weaned, she took the child back to Eli so that he might spend his life there in service to the Lord.

This story speaks to a state of life where a person is deeply upset because they feel as if they are lacking something that is essential for eternal happiness. The name “Hannah” literally means favor or grace. She paints a picture of someone who is pleading for God’s grace to deliver them the true happiness they desire.

Hannah’s grief-filled prayer took place at the tabernacle in Shiloh. Shiloh literal means tranquility or peace. In particular, Shiloh represents the type of peace that only the Lord Himself can give. (see Arcana Coelestia 6373).

The thing that is often missing in someone’s life, and that is being referred to here, is the truth. The more truth we have and the more we understand the Lord, ourselves, and the path that our life should take, the more of that true happiness we can find (see Apocalypse Explained 375).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 7836, 9391, 9849

Apocalypse Revealed 242


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 750

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1 Mosebok 11:30, 21:8, 24:45, 28:20, 29:32, 30:1, 22, 32:6, 43:34

3 Mosebok 27:2

4 Mosebok 6:8, 30:7, 8, 12

5 Mosebok 12:6, 13:14

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Rut 2:2, 13, 4:15

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Filipperbrevet 4:6

Hebreerbrevet 11:32

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Významy biblických slov

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

två
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

hanna
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

andra
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

sebaot
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

söner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

präster
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

en dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hustru
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

döttrar
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

kär
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

vrede
Ilska är en känsla så vanligt för människor att den inte kräver någon definition. Men ett par intressanta punkter kan tas upp. 1) Herren är...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

åt
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

äter
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

tio
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tempel
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

stod upp
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

löfte
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

tjänarinna
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

lidande
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

förgäta
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

liv
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

huvud
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

mun
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

talade
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

hjärta
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

läppar
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

röst
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

svarade
Att "svara" indikerar i allmänhet ett tillstånd av andlig mottaglighet. I slutändan innebär detta att vi är mottagliga för Herren, som ständigt försöker hälla riktiga...

kvinna
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

drycker
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

själ
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Sorg
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gud
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

ögon
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Väg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

bittida
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

morgon
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tillbaka
Det finns många fall i Bibeln som beskriver människor som vänder sig tillbaka, ser tillbaka eller går tillbaka. I de flesta fall är det ett...

blev
Att tigga eller bli född är mycket lik betydelse som födelse: Det representerar ett andligt tillstånd som leder till nästa andliga tillstånd. "Beget" är emellertid...

havande
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

födde
Att tigga eller bli född är mycket lik betydelse som födelse: Det representerar ett andligt tillstånd som leder till nästa andliga tillstånd. "Beget" är emellertid...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

föra
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

ansikte
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

gott
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Avvänja
'To wean,' as in Genesis 21:8, signifies separation, as infants are from their mother’s breasts.

tre
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

ung
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

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 Family Worship: The Birth of Samuel
Ideas for reading and discussing the story of Samuel’s birth.
Religion Lesson | Ages 3 - 12

 For This Child I Prayed
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Hannah Prays for a Son
Make an accordion book showing key parts of the story of Samuel’s birth. Be sure to show Hannah with baby Samuel in one of the pictures!
Project | Ages 6 - 10

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: The Love of Children
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samuel
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
A family talk about the meaning of the name "Samuel" and the importance of prayer.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
Illustrate the story of baby Samuel by sliding him from the Lord to his mother, Hannah, and then back to the Lord.
Project | Ages 3 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Story of the Birth of Samuel Retold
A retelling of the birth of Samuel for children.
Story | Ages 3 - 12


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