Sudije 13

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1 A sinovi Izrailjevi opet činiše što je zlo pred Gospodom, i Gospod ih dade u ruke Filistejima za četrdeset godina.

2 A beše jedan čovek od Saraje od plemena sinova Danovih, po imenu Manoje, i žena mu beše nerotkinja, i ne rađaše.

3 Toj ženi javi se anđeo Gospodnji i reče joj: Gle, ti si sad nerotkinja, i nisi rađala; ali ćeš zatrudneti i rodićeš sina.

4 Nego sada čuvaj se da ne piješ vino ni silovito piće, i da ne jedeš ništa nečisto.

5 Jer gle, zatrudnećeš, i rodićeš sina, i britva da ne pređe po njegovoj glavi, jer će dete biti nazirej Božji od utrobe materine, i on će početi izbavljati Izrailja iz ruku filistejskih.

6 I žena dođe i reče mužu svom govoreći: Čovek Božji dođe k meni, i lice mu beše kao lice anđela Božjeg, vrlo strašno; ali ga ne zapitah odakle je, niti mi on kaza svoje ime.

7 Nego mi reče: Gle, ti ćeš zatrudneti, i rodićeš sina; zato sada ne pij vino ni silovito piće i ne jedi ništa nečisto; jer će dete biti nazirej Božji od utrobe materine pa do smrti.

8 Tada se Manoje pomoli Gospodu i reče: O Gospode! Neka opet dođe k nama čovek Božji, kog si slao, da nas nauči šta ćemo činiti sa detetom, kad se rodi.

9 I usliši Gospod glas Manojev; i dođe opet anđeo Gospodnji k ženi kad seđaše u polju; a Manoje muž njen ne beše kod nje.

10 Tada žena brže otrča i javi mužu svom govoreći mu: Evo, javi mi se onaj čovek, koji mi je pre dolazio.

11 A Manoje ustavši pođe sa ženom svojom; i kad dođe k čoveku, reče mu: Jesi li ti onaj čovek što je govorio ovoj ženi? On odgovori: Jesam.

12 A Manoje reče: Kad bude šta si kazao, kako će biti pravilo za dete i šta će činiti s njim?

13 A anđeo Gospodnji reče Manoju: Žena neka se čuva od svega što sam joj kazao.

14 Neka ne jede ništa što dolazi s vinove loze, i vino ni silovito piće neka ne pije, i ništa nečisto neka ne jede. Šta sam joj zapovedio sve neka drži.

15 Tada reče Manoje anđelu Gospodnjem: Radi bismo te ustaviti da ti zgotovimo jare,

16 A anđeo Gospodnji odgovori Manoju: Da me i ustaviš, neću jesti tvoje jelo; nego ako hoćeš zgotovi žrtvu paljenicu, prinesi je Gospodu. Jer Manoje nije znao da je anđeo Gospodnji.

17 Opet reče Manoje anđelu Gospodnjem: Kako ti je ime? Da ti zahvalimo kad se zbude šta si rekao.

18 A anđeo Gospodnji odgovori mu: Što pitaš za ime moje? Čudno je.

19 Tada Manoje uze jare i dar, i prinese Gospodu na steni; a anđeo učini čudo pred Manom i ženom njegovom;

20 Jer kad se podiže plamen s oltara k nebu, anđeo Gospodnji podiže se u plamenu s oltara; a Manoje i žena njegova videći to padoše ničice na zemlju;

21 A anđeo se Gospodnji ne javi više Manoju ni ženi njegovoj. Tada Manoje razume da je anđeo Gospodnji.

22 I reče Manoje ženi svojoj: Zacelo ćemo umreti, jer videsmo Boga.

23 A žena mu reče: Kad bi hteo Bog da nas ubije, ne bi primio iz naših ruku žrtvu paljenicu ni dar, niti bi nam pokazao sve ovo, niti bi nam sad objavio takve stvari.

24 I tako ta žena rodi sina, i nade mu ime Samson; i dete odraste, i Gospod ga blagoslovi.

25 I duh Gospodnji poče hoditi s njim po logoru Danovom, između Saraje i Estaola.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Sudije 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

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Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

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