Isus Navin 13

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1 A Isus većbeše star i vremenit, i reče mu Gospod: Ti si star i vremenit, a zemlje je ostalo vrlo mnogo da se osvoji.

2 Ovo je zemlja što je ostala: sve međe filistejske i sva gesurska,

3 Od Siora, koji je pred Misirom, do međe akaronske na sever; to pripada Hananejima; pet kneževina filistejskih, gazejska, azotska, askalonska, getejska i akaronska, i Aveji;

4 S juga sva zemlja hananejska i Meara, što pripada Sidoncima do Afeka, do međe amorejske.

5 I zemlja givlejska i sav Livan k istoku, od Val-Gada pod gorom Ermonom pa do ulaska ematskog;

6 Sve koji žive u toj gori od Livana do vode Misrefota, sve Sidonce ja ću oterati ispred sinova Izrailjevih; samo je razdeli žrebom Izrailju u nasledstvo, kao što sam ti zapovedio.

7 Razdeli dakle tu zemlju u nasledstvo među devet plemena i polovinu plemena Manasijinog.

8 Jer s drugom polovinom pleme Ruvimovo i Gadovo primiše svoj deo, koji im dade Mojsije s one strane Jordana k istoku, kako im dade Mojsije sluga Gospodnji,

9 Od Aroira koji je na bregu potoka Arnona i grada nasred potoka, i svu ravnicu medevsku do Devona,

10 I sve gradove Siona cara amorejskog, koji carova u Esevonu, do međe sinova Amonovih,

11 I Galad i među gesursku i mahatsku i svu goru ermonsku i sav Vasan do Salhe;

12 Sve carstvo Ogovo u Vasanu, koji Og carova u Astarotu i Edrajinu i beše ostao od Rafaja; a Mojsije ih pobi i istrebi.

13 Ali Gesureja i Mahateja ne izagnaše sinovi Izrailjevi, nego Gesureji i Mahateji ostaše među Izrailjem do danas.

14 Samo plemenu Levijevom ne dade nasledstvo; žrtve ognjene Gospoda Boga Izrailjevog jesu nasledstvo njegovo, kao što mu je rekao.

15 A dade Mojsije plemenu sinova Ruvimovih po porodicama njihovim,

16 I međe im behu od Aroira koji je na bregu potoka Arnona, i grad koji je nasred potoka, i sva ravan do Medeve,

17 Esevon sa svim gradovima svojim u ravni, Devon i Vamot-Val i Vet-Valmeon,

18 I Jasa i Kadimot i Mifat,

19 I Kirijatajim i Sivma i Zaret-Sar na gori kod doline,

20 I Vet-Fegor i Azdot-Fazga i Vet-Jesimot,

21 I svi gradovi u ravni, i sve carstvo Siona cara amorejskog, koji carova u Esevonu, kog ubi Mojsije s knezovima madijanskim, Evijom i Rekemom i Surom i Urom i Revom, knezovima Sionovim, koji življahu u onoj zemlji.

22 I Valama sina Veorovog, vrača, ubiše sinovi Izrailjevi mačem s drugima pobijenim.

23 I behu međe sinova Ruvimovih Jordan s međama svojim. To je nasledstvo sinova Ruvimovih po porodicama njihovim, gradovi i sela njihova.

24 I dade Mojsije plemenu Gadovom, sinovima Gadovim po porodicama njihovim,

25 I behu im međe Jazir i svi gradovi galadski i polovina zemlje sinova Amonovih do Aroira koji je prema Ravi,

26 I od Esevona do Ramot-Mispe i Vetonima, i od Mahanaima do međe davirske;

27 I u dolini Vet-Aran i Vet-Nimra i Sokot i Safon; ostatak carstva Siona cara esevonskog, Jordan i međa njegova do kraja mora hinerotskog s one strane Jordana na istok.

28 To je nasledstvo sinova Gadovih po porodicama njihovim, gradovi i sela njihova.

29 I dade Mojsije polovini plemena Manasijinog, i dobi polovina plemena sinova Manasijinih po porodicama svojim;

30 Međa im beše od Mahanaima, sav Vasan, sve carstvo Oga cara vasanskog, i sva sela Jairova, što su u Vasanu, šezdeset gradova.

31 I polovina Galada, i Astarot i Edrajin, gradovi carstva Ogovog u Vasanu, dopadoše sinovima Mahira sina Manasijinog, polovini sinova Mahirovih po porodicama njihovim.

32 To je što razdeli u nasledstvo Mojsije u polju moavskom s one strane Jordana prema Jerihonu na istoku.

33 A plemenu Levijevom ne dade Mojsije nasledstvo; Gospod je Bog Izrailjev njihovo nasledstvo, kao što im je rekao.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Isus Navin 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

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