Juízes 7

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1 Então Jerubaal, que é Gideão, e todo o povo que estava com ele, levantando-se de madrugada acamparam junto à fonte de Harode; e o arraial de Midiã estava da banda do norte, perto do outeiro de Moré, no vale.

2 Disse o Senhor a Gideão: O povo que está contigo é demais para eu entregar os midianitas em sua mão; não seja caso que Israel se glorie contra mim, dizendo: Foi a minha própria mão que me livrou.

3 Agora, pois, apregoa aos ouvidos do povo, dizendo: Quem for medroso e tímido volte, e retire-se do monte Gileade. Então voltaram do povo vinte e dois mil, e dez mil ficaram.

4 Disse mais o Senhor a Gideão: Ainda são muitos. Faze-os descer às águas, e ali os provarei; e será que, aquele de que eu te disser: Este irá contigo, esse contigo irá; porém todo aquele de que eu te disser: Este não irá contigo, esse não irá.

5 E Gideão fez descer o povo às águas. Então o Senhor lhe disse: Qualquer que lamber as águas com a língua, como faz o cão, a esse porás de um lado; e a todo aquele que se ajoelhar para beber, porás do outro.

6 E foi o número dos que lamberam a água, levando a mão à boca, trezentos homens; mas todo o resto do povo se ajoelhou para beber.

7 Disse ainda o Senhor a Gideão: Com estes trezentos homens que lamberam a água vos livrarei, e entregarei os midianitas na tua mão; mas, quanto ao resto do povo, volte cada um ao seu lugar.

8 E o povo tomou na sua mão as provisões e as suas trombetas, e Gideão enviou todos os outros homens de Israel cada um à sua tenda, porém reteve os trezentos. O arraial de Midiã estava embaixo no vale.

9 Naquela mesma noite disse o Senhor a Gideão: Levanta-te, e desce contra o arraial, porque eu o entreguei na tua mão.

10 Mas se tens medo de descer, vai com o teu moço, Purá, ao arraial;

11 ouvirás o que dizem, e serão fortalecidas as tuas mãos para desceres contra o arraial. Então desceu ele com e seu moço, Purá, até o posto avançado das sentinelas do arraial.

12 Os midianitas, os amalequitas, e todos os filhos do oriente jaziam no vale, como gafanhotos em multidão; e os seus camelos eram inumeráveis, como a areia na praia do mar.

13 No momento em que Gideão chegou, um homem estava contando ao seu companheiro um sonho, e dizia: Eu tive um sonho; eis que um pão de cevada vinha rolando sobre o arraial dos midianitas e, chegando a uma tenda, bateu nela de sorte a fazê-la cair, e a virou de cima para baixo, e ela ficou estendida por terra.

14 Ao que respondeu o seu companheiro, dizendo: Isso não é outra coisa senão a espada de Gideão, filho de Joás, varão israelita. Na sua mão Deus entregou Midiã e todo este arraial.

15 Quando Gideão ouviu a narração do sonho e a sua interpretação, adorou a Deus; e voltando ao arraial de Israel, disse: Levantai-vos, porque o Senhor entregou nas vossas mãos o arraial de Midiã.

16 Então dividiu os trezentos homens em três companhias, pôs nas mãos de cada um deles trombetas, e cântaros vazios contendo tochas acesas,

17 e disse-lhes: Olhai para mim, e fazei como eu fizer; e eis que chegando eu à extremidade do arraial, como eu fizer, assim fareis vós.

18 Quando eu tocar a trombeta, eu e todos os que comigo estiverem, tocai também vós as trombetas ao redor de todo o arraial, e dizei: Pelo Senhor e por Gideão!

19 Gideão, pois, e os cem homens que estavam com ele chegaram à extremidade do arraial, ao princípio da vigília do meio, havendo sido de pouco colocadas as guardas; então tocaram as trombetas e despedaçaram os cântaros que tinham nas mãos.

20 Assim tocaram as três companhias as trombetas, despedaçaram os cântaros, segurando com as mãos esquerdas as tochas e com as direitas as trombetas para as tocarem, e clamaram: A espada do Senhor e de Gideão!

21 E conservou-se cada um no seu lugar ao redor do arraial; então todo o exército deitou a correr e, gritando, fugiu.

22 Pois, ao tocarem os trezentos as trombetas, o Senhor tornou a espada de um contra o outro, e isto em todo o arraial, e fugiram até Bete-Sita, em direção de Zererá, até os limites de Abel-Meolá, junto a Tabate.

23 Então os homens de Israel, das tribos de Naftali, de Aser e de todo o Manassés, foram convocados e perseguiram a Midiã.

24 Também Gideão enviou mensageiros por toda a região montanhosa de Efraim, dizendo: Descei ao encontro de Midiã, e ocupai-lhe as águas até Bete-Bara, e também o Jordão. Convocados, pois todos os homens de Efraim, tomaram-lhe as águas até Bete-Bara, e também o Jordão;

25 e prenderam dois príncipes de Midiã, Orebe e Zeebe; e mataram Orebe na penha de Orebe, e Zeebe mataram no lagar de Zeebe, e perseguiram a Midiã; e trouxeram as cabeças de Orebe e de Zeebe a Gideão, além do Jordão.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalipse Revelado 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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1 Coríntios 1:29

Významy biblických slov

midiã
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Midianitas
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

muitos
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

descer
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

águas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

língua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

cão
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

beber
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

água
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

boca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

trombetas
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

desceu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

amalequitas
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

gafanhotos
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

camelos
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

areia
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

companheiro
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

sonho
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

pão
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

chegando
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

cair
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

virou
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

trombeta
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

cem
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

gritando
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

fugiu
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

mensageiros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

cabeças
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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