Juízes 6

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1 Mas os filhos de Israel fizeram o que era mau aos olhos do Senhor, e o Senhor os entregou na mão de Midiã por sete anos.

2 Prevalecia, pois, a mão de Midiã sobre Israel e, por causa de Midiã, fizeram os filhos de Israel para si as covas que estão nos montes, as cavernas e as fortalezas.

3 Porque sucedia que, havendo Israel semeado, subiam contra ele os midianitas, os amalequitas e os filhos do oriente;

4 e, acampando-se contra ele, destruíam o produto da terra até chegarem a Gaza, e não deixavam mantimento em Israel, nem ovelhas, nem bois, nem jumentos.

5 Porque subiam com os seus rebanhos e tendas; vinham em multidão, como gafanhotos; tanto eles como os seus camelos eram inumeráveis; e entravam na terra, para a destruir.

6 Assim Israel se enfraqueceu muito por causa dos midianitas; então os filhos de Israel clamaram ao Senhor.

7 E sucedeu que, clamando eles ao Senhor por causa dos midianitas,

8 enviou-lhes o Senhor um profeta, que lhes disse: Assim diz o Senhor, Deus de Israel: Do Egito eu vos fiz subir, e vos tirei da casa da servidão;

9 livrei-vos da mão dos egípcios, e da mão de todos quantos vos oprimiam, e os expulsei de diante de vós, e a vós vos dei a sua terra.

10 Também eu vos disse: Eu sou o Senhor vosso Deus; não temais aos deuses dos amorreus, em cuja terra habitais. Mas não destes ouvidos à minha voz.

11 Então o anjo do Senhor veio, e sentou-se debaixo do carvalho que estava em Ofra e que pertencia a Joás, abiezrita, cujo filho Gideão estava malhando o trigo no lagar para o esconder dos midianitas.

12 Apareceu-lhe então o anjo do Senhor e lhe disse: O Senhor é contigo, ó homem valoroso.

13 Gideão lhe respondeu: Ai, senhor meu, se o senhor é conosco, por que tudo nos sobreveio? e onde estão todas as suas maravilhas que nossos pais nos contaram, dizendo: Não nos fez o senhor subir do Egito? Agora, porém, o senhor nos desamparou, e nos entregou na mão de Midiã.

14 Virou-se o Senhor para ele e lhe disse: Vai nesta tua força, e livra a Israel da mão de Midiã; porventura não te envio eu?

15 Replicou-lhe Gideão: Ai, senhor meu, com que livrarei a Israel? eis que a minha família é a mais pobre em Manassés, e eu o menor na casa de meu pai.

16 Tornou-lhe o Senhor: Porquanto eu hei de ser contigo, tu ferirás aos midianitas como a um só homem.

17 Prosseguiu Gideão: Se agora tenho achado graça aos teus olhos, dá-me um sinal de que és tu que falas comigo.

18 Rogo-te que não te apartes daqui até que eu volte trazendo do meu presente e o ponha diante de ti. Respondeu ele: Esperarei até que voltes.

19 Entrou, pois, Gideão, preparou um cabrito e fez, com uma e efa de farinha, bolos ázimos; pôs a carne num cesto e o caldo numa panela e, trazendo para debaixo do carvalho, lho apresentou.

20 Mas o anjo de Deus lhe disse: Toma a carne e os bolos ázimos, e põe-nos sobre esta rocha e derrama-lhes por cima o caldo. E ele assim fez.

21 E o anjo do Senhor estendeu a ponta do cajado que tinha na mão, e tocou a carne e os bolos ázimos; então subiu fogo da rocha, e consumiu a carne e os bolos ázimos; e o anjo do Senhor desapareceu-lhe da vista.

22 Vendo Gideão que era o anjo do Senhor, disse: Ai de mim, Senhor Deus! pois eu vi o anjo do Senhor face a face.

23 Porém o Senhor lhe disse: Paz seja contigo, não temas; não morrerás.

24 Então Gideão edificou ali um altar ao Senhor, e lhe chamou Jeová-Salom; e ainda até o dia de hoje está o altar em Ofra dos abiezritas.

25 Naquela mesma noite, disse o Senhor a Gidão: Toma um dos bois de teu pai, a saber, o segundo boi de sete anos, e derriba o altar de Baal, que é de teu pai, e corta a asera que está ao pé dele.

26 Edifica ao Senhor teu Deus um altar no cume deste lugar forte, na forma devida; toma o segundo boi, e o oferece em holocausto, com a lenha da asera que cortares

27 Então Gideão tomou dez homens dentre os seus servos, e fez como o Senhor lhe dissera; porém, temendo ele a casa de seu pai e os homens daquela cidade, não o fez de dia, mas de noite.

28 Levantando-se, pois, os homens daquela cidade, de madrugada, eis que estava o altar de Baal derribado, cortada a asera que estivera ao pé dele, e o segundo boi oferecido no altar que fora edificado.

29 Pelo que disseram uns aos outros: Quem fez isto? E, depois de investigarem e inquirirem, disseram: Gideão, filho de Joás, é quem fez isto.

30 Então os homens daquela cidade disseram a Joás: Tira para fora teu filho, para que morra, porque derribou o altar de Baal e cortou a asera que estava ao pé dele.

31 Joás, porém, disse a todos os que se puseram contra ele: Contendereis vós por Baal? livrá-lo-eis vós? Qualquer que por ele contender, ainda esta manhã será morto; se ele é deus, por si mesmo contenda, pois foi derribado o seu altar.

32 Pelo que naquele dia chamaram a Gidão Jerubaal, dizendo: Baal contenda contra ele, pois derribou o seu altar.

33 Então todos os midianitas, os amalequitas e os filhos do oriente se ajuntaram e, passando o Jordão, acamparam no vale de Jizreel.

34 Mas o Espírito do Senhor apoderou-se de Gideão; e tocando ele a trombeta, os abiezritas se ajuntaram após ele.

35 E enviou mensageiros por toda a tribo de Manassés, que também se ajuntou após ele; e ainda enviou mensageiros a Aser, a Zebulom e a Naftali, que lhe saíram ao encontro.

36 Disse Gideão a Deus: Se hás de livrar a Israel por minha mão, como disseste,

37 eis que eu porei um velo de lã na eira; se o orvalho estiver somente no velo, e toda a terra ficar enxuta, então conhecerei que hás de livrar a Israel por minha mão, como disseste.

38 E assim foi; pois, levantando-se de madrugada no dia seguinte, apertou o velo, e espremeu dele o orvalho, que encheu uma taça.

39 Disse mais Gideão a Deus: Não se acenda contra mim a tua ira se ainda falar só esta vez. Permite que só mais esta vez eu faça prova com o velo; rogo-te que só o velo fique enxuto, e em toda a terra haja orvalho.

40 E Deus assim fez naquela noite; pois só o velo estava enxuto, e sobre toda a terra havia orvalho.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 6: The Midianites oppress Israel; the call of Gideon.

Chapters 6-8 of Judges tell the story of Gideon, who led the people of Israel against the Midianites. The Lord allowed the Midianites to oppress the children of Israel for seven years, because they had disobeyed His commandments once again. Israel fled to the mountain caves, and Midian starved the Israelites by destroying their crops and taking their livestock. When Israel cried out to the Lord for help, a prophet delivered the Lord’s message that He had always been with them, but they had kept disobeying.

Then the angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon, who was threshing wheat in the winepress to hide this from the Midianites. The angel brought news that he would lead the fight against the Midianites. Gideon was stunned, and replied that his family was the least important in the tribe of Manasseh, and that he was the least in his family. Even so, the Lord assured him would be victorious, because the Lord was with him.

Gideon asked for a sign to be given him, and then went to prepare an offering of food. When he came back, the angel told him to place the meat and unleavened bread upon a rock. When the angel touched it with his staff, fire came up from the rock and burned up the food. The angel then departed.

The Lord told Gideon to break down his father’s altars to Baal, and to build an altar to the Lord on top of it, which he did by night. In the morning, the men of the city discovered what Gideon had done, and demanded that he be killed. But Gideon’s father, Joash, replied that Baal himself would take action, if he were really a god.

The Midianites and their allies gathered for battle, and Gideon called on his tribe of Manasseh, as well as Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, to prepare to fight. Before the battle took place though, Gideon asked for another sign from God. He put a woolen fleece on the threshing floor, and if God would use him to save Israel, the fleece would have dew on it, while the ground around it would be dry. And so it was the next morning. Once again, Gideon asked for a sign, this time with dew on the ground, but not on the fleece. And again, this came to pass.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the Midianites is understanding spiritual truths, but leading a life of sensory pleasure anyway, rather than one built on genuine goodness (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 7602). This is portrayed by the Midianites destroying all the crops which could be made into food, or spiritually, into what is good.

Threshing wheat and pressing wine are very similar processes; threshing wheat frees grain from the beaten husk, and pressing wine squeezes juice from a crushed grape. Both of these activities represent our spiritual determination to do what is good – the wheat for bread – because of the truth we have come to understand – the wine. Gideon’s name, meaning “to break apart”, and this passage are meant to show us that his strongest quality was determination to do good (Divine Providence 227[2]).

Gideon’s claim to be the least important of all demonstrates the place of genuine humility in our spiritual life. Acknowledging that the Lord brings about all good things is a sign of strength, not weakness (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 408).

The spiritual meaning of asking God for a sign – which Gideon did several times – is to confirm the validity of what we intend or understand. Paying attention to our internal state will show us the quality of our inner thoughts if we dare to listen, but ultimately, confirmation comes from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 508[5]). The fire from the rock, which burned the meat, represents the power of love and truth to consume and sustain us.

The fascinating double sign involving the fleece has several layers of spiritual meaning: the threshing floor stands for the ground of our daily life and activity; the fleece, with its warmth and softness, stands for the principle of goodness; and the dew (water) stands for divine influx of truth into us from the Lord. These build the framework of the spiritual meaning. The dewy fleece on the dry ground means that we need to have the Lord’s truth in our mind, so we know how to lead a good life. Then, this needs to be reversed so that we feel the desire to do good, and then apply this in daily life (Arcana Caelestia 3579).

This sign is closely related to the spiritual meaning of the Midianites, the enemy to be overthrown. Simply knowing the Lord’s truths does not guarantee a good life; we must put these truths into practice.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1925, 2332, 2463, 2724, 3088, 3242, 3519, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 242, 485, 598


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 410, 412, 504, 543, 706, 727, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4250

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Významy biblických slov

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

midiã
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

Sete
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Midianitas
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

amalequitas
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

rebanhos
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

tendas
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

gafanhotos
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

camelos
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

egito
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

egípcios
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

voz
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

anjo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Sentou
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

carvalho
'Oak' signifies the sensory good and truth of the church, and consequently, the lowest part of the natural, which is either the truths and goods,...

filho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

trigo
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

família
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Manassés
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

trazendo
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Presente
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

ázimos
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Rocha
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

vista
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

altar
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

chamou
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Jeová
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Baal
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

temendo
O medo do desconhecido e o medo da mudança são ideias comuns e, em conjunto, cobrem um amplo espectro dos medos que tendemos a ter...

cidade
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

manhã
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Morto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

vale
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

trombeta
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

mensageiros
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

eira
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

Orvalho
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

falar
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

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 Choose a Quotation to Match a Question about Gideon
Cut apart quotation strips and match them with the questions they answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Draw Gideon's Three Signs
Draw pictures of the three signs the Lord gave Gideon promising that He would be with Him to fight Israel's enemies.
Activity | All Ages

 Gideon
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Gideon and the Fleece
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon’s Sacrifice
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 I Am the Lord Your God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Angel Who Appeared to Gideon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Gideon
The Lord calls Gideon to lead the Israelites against their enemies in this story. Multi-age lesson plan with readings, discussions, and projects.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Worship of Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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