Juízes 3

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1 Estas são as nações que o Senhor deixou ficar para, por meio delas, provar a Israel, a todos os que não haviam experimentado nenhuma das guerras de Canaã;

2 tão-somente para que as gerações dos filhos de Israel delas aprendessem a guerra, pelo menos os que dantes não tinham aprendido.

3 Estas nações eram: cinco chefes dos filisteus, todos os cananeus, os sidônios, e os heveus que habitavam no monte Líbano, desde o monte Baal-Hermom até a entrada de Hamate.

4 Estes, pois, deixou ficar, a fim de de por eles provar os filhos de Israel, para saber se dariam ouvidos aos mandamentos do Senhor, que ele tinha ordenado a seus pais por intermédio de Moisés.

5 Habitando, pois, os filhos de Israel entre os cananeus, os heteus, os amorreus, os perizeus, os heveus e os jebuseus.

6 tomaram por mulheres as filhas deles, e deram as suas filhas aos filhos dos mesmos, e serviram aos seus deuses.

7 Assim os filhos de Israel fizeram o que era mau aos olhos do Senhor, esquecendo-se do Senhor seu Deus e servindo aos baalins e às aserotes.

8 Pelo que a ira do Senhor se acendeu contra Israel, e ele os vendeu na mão de cusã-Risataim, rei da Mesopotâmia; e os filhos de Israel serviram a Cusã-Risataim oito anos.

9 Mas quando os filhos de Israel clamaram ao Senhor, o Senhor suscitou-lhes um libertador, que os livrou: Otniel, filho de Quenaz, o irmão mais moço de Calebe.

10 Veio sobre ele o Espírito do Senhor, e ele julgou a Israel; saiu à peleja, e o Senhor lhe entregou Cusã-Risataim, rei da Mesopotâmia, contra o qual prevaleceu a sua mao:

11 Então a terra teve sossego por quarenta anos; e Otniel, filho de Quenaz, morreu.

12 Os filhos de Israel tornaram a fazer o que era mau aos olhos do Senhor; então o Senhor fortaleceu a Eglom, rei de Moabe, contra Israel, por terem feito o que era mau aos seus olhos.

13 Eglom, unindo a si os amonitas e os amalequitas, foi e feriu a Israel, tomando a cidade das palmeiras.

14 E os filhos de Israel serviram a Eglom, rei de Moabe, dezoito anos.

15 Mas quando os filhos de Israel clamaram ao Senhor, o Senhor suscitou-lhes um libertador, Eúde, filho de Gêra, benjamita, homem canhoto. E, por seu intermédio, os filhos de Israel enviaram tributo a Eglom, rei de Moabe.

16 E Eúde fez para si uma espada de dois gumes, de um côvado de comprimento, e cingiu-a à coxa direita, por baixo das vestes.

17 E levou aquele tributo a Eglom, rei de Moabe. Ora, Eglom era muito gordo:

18 Quando Eúde acabou de entregar o tributo, despediu a gente que o trouxera.

19 Ele mesmo, porém, voltou das imagens de escultura que estavam ao pé de Gilgal, e disse: Tenho uma palavra para dizer-te em segredo, ó rei. disse o rei: Silêncio! E todos os que lhe assistiam saíram da sua presença.

20 Eúde aproximou-se do rei, que estava sentado a sós no seu quarto de verão, e lhe disse: Tenho uma palavra da parte de Deus para dizer-te. Ao que o rei se levantou da sua cadeira.

21 Então Eúde, estendendo a mão esquerda, tirou a espada de sobre a coxa direita, e lha cravou no ventre.

22 O cabo também entrou após a lâmina, e a gordura encerrou a lâmina, pois ele não tirou a espada do ventre:

23 Então Eúde, saindo ao pórtico, cerrou as portas do quarto e as trancou.

24 Tendo ele saído vieram os servos do rei; e olharam, e eis que as portas do quarto estavam trancadas. Disseram: Sem dúvida ele está aliviando o ventre na privada do seu quarto.

25 Assim esperaram até ficarem alarmados, mas ainda não abria as portas do quarto. Então, tomando a chave, abriram-nas, e eis seu senhor estendido morto por terra.

26 Eúde escapou enquanto eles se demoravam e, tendo passado pelas imagens de escultura, chegou a Seirá.

27 E assim que chegou, tocou a trombeta na região montanhosa de Efraim; e os filhos de Israel, com ele à frente, desceram das montanhas.

28 E disse-lhes: Segui-me, porque o Senhor vos entregou nas mãos os vossos inimigos, os moabitas. E desceram após ele, tomaram os vaus do Jordão contra os moabitas, e não deixaram passar a nenhum deles.

29 E naquela ocasião mataram dos moabitas cerca de dez mil homens, todos robustos e valentes; e não escapou nenhum.

30 Assim foi subjugado Moabe naquele dia debaixo da mão de Israel; e a terra teve sossego por oitenta anos.

31 Depois dele levantou-se Sangar, filho de Anate, que matou seiscentos homens dos filisteus com uma aguilhada de bois; ele também libertou a Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalipse Revelado 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Gênesis 24:10

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Juízes 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

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Oséias 6:4

2 Coríntios 14

Významy biblických slov

Nações
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

guerras
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

canaã
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

gerações
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

filhos
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

cinco
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

filisteus
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

líbano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Entrada
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

ordenado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Moisés
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

heteus
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

mulheres
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filhas
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

esquecendo
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

servindo
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

baalins
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Mesopotâmia
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

oito
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

filho
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

irmão
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Calebe
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

morreu
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Moabe
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

amonitas
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

amalequitas
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

feriu
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

comprimento
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

coxa
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

por baixo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

baixo
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

imagens
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

dizer
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sentado
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

gordura
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

portas
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Morto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

passado
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

trombeta
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

montanhas
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

inimigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

moabitas
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

jordão
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Passar
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

dia
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Oitenta
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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