Juízes 2

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1 O anjo do Senhor subiu de Gilgal a Boquim, e disse: Do Egito vos fiz subir, e vos trouxe para a terra que, com juramento, prometi a vossos pais, e vos disse: Nunca violarei e meu pacto convosco;

2 e, quanto a vós, não fareis pacto com os habitantes desta terra, antes derrubareis os seus altares. Mas vós não obedecestes à minha voz. Por que fizestes isso?

3 Pelo que também eu disse: Não os expulsarei de diante de vós; antes estarão quais espinhos nas vossas ilhargas, e os seus deuses vos serão por laço.

4 Tendo o anjo do Senhor falado estas palavras a todos os filhos de Israel, o povo levantou a sua voz e chorou.

5 Pelo que chamaram àquele lugar Boquim; e ali sacrificaram ao Senhor.

6 Havendo Josué despedido o povo, foram-se os filhos de Israel, cada um para a sua herança, a fim de possuírem a terra.

7 O povo serviu ao Senhor todos os dias de Josué, e todos os dias dos anciãos que sobreviveram a Josué e que tinham visto toda aquela grande obra do Senhor, a qual ele fizera a favor de Israel.

8 Morreu, porém, Josué, filho de Num, servo do Senhor, com a idade de cento e dez anos;

9 e o sepultaram no território da sua herança, em Timnate-Heres, na região montanhosa de Efraim, para o norte do monte Gaás.

10 E foi também congregada toda aquela geração a seus pais, e após ela levantou-se outra geração que não conhecia ao Senhor, nem tampouco a obra que ele fizera a Israel.

11 Então os filhos de Israel fizeram o que era mau aos olhos do Senhor, servindo aos baalins;

12 abandonaram o Senhor Deus de seus pais, que os tirara da terra do Egito, e foram-se após outros deuses, dentre os deuses dos povos que havia ao redor deles, e os adoraram; e provocaram o Senhor à ira,

13 abandonando-o, e servindo a baalins e astarotes.

14 Pelo que a ira do Senhor se acendeu contra Israel, e ele os entregou na mão dos espoliadores, que os despojaram; e os vendeu na mão dos seus inimigos ao redor, de modo que não puderam mais resistir diante deles.

15 Por onde quer que saíam, a mão do Senhor era contra eles para o mal, como o Senhor tinha dito, e como lho tinha jurado; e estavam em grande aflição.

16 Mas o Senhor suscitou juízes, que os livraram da mão dos que os espojavam.

17 Contudo, não deram ouvidos nem aos seus juízes, pois se prostituíram após outros deuses, e os adoraram; depressa se desviaram do caminho, por onde andaram seus pais em obediência aos mandamentos do Senhor; não fizeram como eles.

18 Quando o Senhor lhes suscitava juízes, ele era com o juiz, e os livrava da mão dos seus inimigos todos os dias daquele juiz; porquanto o Senhor se compadecia deles em razão do seu gemido por causa dos que os oprimiam e afligiam.

19 Mas depois da morte do juiz, reincidiam e se corrompiam mais do que seus pais, andando após outros deuses, servindo-os e adorando-os; não abandonavam nenhuma das suas práticas, nem a sua obstinação.

20 Pelo que se acendeu contra Israel a ira do Senhor, e ele disse: Porquanto esta nação violou o meu pacto, que estabeleci com seus pais, não dando ouvidos à minha voz,

21 eu não expulsarei mais de diante deles nenhuma das nações que Josué deixou quando morreu;

22 a fim de que, por elas, ponha a prova Israel, se há de guardar, ou não, o caminho do Senhor, como seus pais o guardaram, para nele andar.

23 Assim o Senhor deixou ficar aquelas nações, e não as desterrou logo, nem as entregou na mão de Josué.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Významy biblických slov

anjo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egito
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

juramento
'To sware' is a binding.

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

habitantes
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

altares
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

voz
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

antes
Na maioria dos casos, o significado de "antes" é bastante simples, tanto como uma forma de avaliar o tempo relativo, como na sua utilização significa...

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

visto
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

morreu
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

servo
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

para o norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Norte
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

geração
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

levantou-se
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

servindo
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

baalins
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

inimigos
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

jurado
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

aflição
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

juízes
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

juiz
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Nação
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Nações
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

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