1 Samuel 8

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1 Ora, havendo Samuel envelhecido, constituiu a seus filhos por juízes sobre Israel.

2 O seu filho primogênito chamava-se Joel, e o segundo Abias; e julgavam em Berseba.

3 Seus filhos, porém, não andaram nos caminhos dele, mas desviaram-se após o lucro e, recebendo peitas, perverteram a justiça.

4 Então todos os anciãos de Israel se congregaram, e vieram ter com Samuel, a Ramá,

5 e lhe disseram: Eis que já estás velho, e teus filhos não andam nos teus caminhos. Constitui-nos, pois, agora um rei para nos julgar, como o têm todas as nações.

6 Mas pareceu mal aos olhos de Samuel, quando disseram: -nos um rei para nos julgar. Então Samuel orou ao Senhor.

7 Disse o Senhor a Samuel: Ouve a voz do povo em tudo quanto te dizem, pois não é a ti que têm rejeitado, porém a mim, para que eu não reine sobre eles.

8 Conforme todas as obras que fizeram desde o dia em que os tirei do Egito até o dia de hoje, deixando-me a mim e servindo a outros deuses, assim também fazem a ti.

9 Agora, pois, ouve a sua voz, contudo lhes protestarás solenemente, e lhes declararás qual será o modo de agir do rei que houver de reinar sobre eles.

10 Referiu, pois, Samuel todas as palavras do Senhor ao povo, que lhe havia pedido um rei,

11 e disse: Este será o modo de agir do rei que houver de reinar sobre vós: tomará os vossos filhos, e os porá sobre os seus carros, e para serem seus cavaleiros, e para correrem adiante dos seus carros;

12 e os porá por chefes de mil e chefes de cinqüenta, para lavrarem os seus campos, fazerem as suas colheitas e fabricarem as suas armas de guerra e os petrechos de seus carros.

13 Tomará as vossas filhas para perfumistas, cozinheiras e padeiras.

14 Tomará o melhor das vossas terras, das vossas vinhas e dos vossos elivais, e o dará aos seus servos.

15 Tomará e dízimo das vossas sementes e das vossas vinhas, para dar aos seus oficiais e aos seus servos.

16 Também os vossos servos e as vossas servas, e os vossos melhores mancebos, e os vossos jumentos tomará, e os empregará no seu trabalho.

17 Tomará o dízimo do vosso rebanho; e vós lhe servireis de escravos.

18 Então naquele dia clamareis por causa de vosso rei, que vós mesmos houverdes escolhido; mas o Senhor não vos ouvira.

19 O povo, porém, não quis ouvir a voz de Samuel; e disseram: Não, mas haverá sobre nós um rei,

20 para que nós também sejamos como todas as outras nações, e para que o nosso rei nos julgue, e saia adiante de nós, e peleje as nossas batalhas.

21 Ouviu, pois, Samuel todas as palavras do povo, e as repetiu aos ouvidos do Senhor.

22 Disse o Senhor a Samuel: Dá ouvidos à sua voz, e constitui-lhes rei. Então Samuel Disse aos homens de Israel: Volte cada um para a sua cidade.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Gênesis 46:1

Êxodo 16:8, 23:6, 8

Deuteronômio 16:18, 17:14

Juízes 8:22

1 Samuel 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2 Samuel 15:1

1 Reis 12:4

2 Reis 19:14, 21:9

1 Crônicas 6:13, 27:1

8

Salmos 78:8, 81:12

Provérbios 1:25, 28

Isaías 23, 59:1

Jeremias 22:17, 44:16

Ezekiel 8:18

Oséias 13:10

Miquéias 3:4, 11

Mateus 20:25

Atos 13:21

Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

juízes
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

primogênito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Lucro
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

justiça
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Ramá
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

velho
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

julgar
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Nações
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ouve
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

voz
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

egito
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

hoje
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

servindo
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

Deuses
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

palavras
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

cavaleiros
'A horseman' signifies intelligence, or one who is intelligent. 'A horseman,' as mentioned in Revelation 9:16, signifies reasonings concerning faith alone. 'A horseman' can also...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cinqüenta
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

filhas
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

vinhas
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

servas
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

jumentos
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

Trabalho
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

Rebanho
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

ouvir
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

batalhas
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

ouviu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

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