1 Samuel 7

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1 Vieram, pois, os homens de Quiriate-Jearim, tomaram a arca do Senhor e a levaram à casa de Abinadabe, no outeiro; e consagraram a Eleazar, filho dele, para que guardasse a arca da Senhor.

2 E desde e dia em que a arca ficou em Queriate-Jearim passou-se muito tempo, chegando até vinte anos; então toda a casa de Israel suspirou pelo Senhor.

3 Samuel, pois, falou a toda a casa de Israel, dizendo: Se de todo o vosso coração voltais para o Senhor, lançai do meio de vós os deuses estranhos e as astarotes, preparai o vosso coração para com o Senhor, e servi a ele só; e ele vos livrará da mão dos filisteus.

4 Os filhos de Israel, pois, lançaram do meio deles os baalins e as astarotes, e serviram so ao Senhor.

5 Disse mais Samuel: Congregai a todo o Israel em Mizpá, e orarei por vós ao Senhor.

6 Congregaram-se, pois, em Mizpá, tiraram água e a derramaram perante o Senhor; jejuaram aquele dia, e ali disseram: Pecamos contra o Senhor. E Samuel julgava os filhos de Israel em Mizpá.

7 Quando os filisteus ouviram que os filhos de Israel estavam congregados em Mizpá, subiram os chefes dos filisteus contra Israel. Ao saberem disto os filhos de Israel, temeram por causa dos filisteus.

8 Pelo que disseram a Samuel: Não cesses de clamar ao Senhor nosso Deus por nós, para que nos livre da mão dos filisteus.

9 Então tomou Samuel um cordeiro de mama, e o ofereceu inteiro em holocausto ao Senhor; e Samuel clamou ao Senhor por Israel, e o Senhor o atendeu.

10 Enquanto Samuel oferecia o holocausto, os filisteus chegaram para pelejar contra Israel; mas o Senhor trovejou naquele dia com grande estrondo sobre os filisteus, e os aterrou; de modo que foram derrotados diante dos filhos de Israel.

11 Os homens de Israel, saindo de Mizpá, perseguiram os filisteus e os feriram até abaixo de Bete-Car.

12 Então Samuel tomou uma pedra, e a pôs entre Mizpá e Sem, e lhe chamou Ebenézer; e disse: Até aqui nos ajudou o Senhor.

13 Assim os filisteus foram subjugados, e não mais vieram aos termos de Israel, porquanto a mão do Senhor foi contra os filisteus todos os dias de Samuel.

14 E as cidades que os filisteus tinham tomado a Israel lhe foram restituídas, desde Ecrom até Gate, cujos termos também Israel arrebatou da mão dos filisteus. E havia paz entre Israel e os amorreus.

15 Samuel julgou a Israel todos os dias da sua vida.

16 De ano em ano rodeava por Betel, Gilgal e Mizpá, julgando a Israel em todos esses lugares.

17 Depois voltava a Ramá, onde estava a sua casa, e ali julgava a Israel; e edificou ali um altar ao Senhor.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 7      

Here we find a broad-brush description of the life of Samuel, the last Judge of Israel, and the reality of the Israelitish world that he presided over. After the Philistines returned the Ark of the Covenant, it was taken to the city of Kirjath Jearim. Samuel commanded the people of Israel to rid themselves of their idols and worship of foreign gods, and return to worshiping the Lord. Chief among these idols was Baal. Baal was understood and worshiped in a variety of ways, most notably as the male god of fertility. Ashtoreth was the female equivalent.

The Children of Israel, like the nations around them, were polytheists at that time. They needed to be regularly convinced that Jehovah, the Lord, was the chief and most powerful God. A belief in only One God, who we now know as the Lord God Jesus Christ, was beyond them at that time. (see Arcana Coelestia 8301)

The people of Israel were called together by Samuel at Mizpah, where he judged them. The Philistines learned of this gathering and once again set out to make war with them. The Israelites made an offering to the Lord, and He responded to their cry by allowing them to push the Philistines back and reclaim cities that the Philistines had taken in previous conflicts.

Other similar skirmishes took place throughout Samuel’s life. There was an ongoing struggle between the Children and Israel, and the surrounding peoples. It represents the struggle we have between good and evil -- between the truths of the one God, Jehovah, and the Ten Commandments, and between the false, but popular, loves of self and the world.

Swedenborgian teachings describe how, in the earliest times of spiritual awareness in humanity, people knew that there was only one God, who was their Divine Creator and Redeemer. However, as people fell away from true faith, their worship degenerated and gradually became the worship of idolatry and multiple gods. In True Christian Religion 159, this is described as a form of insanity.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1453, 8301

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700, 817

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