Jonah 1

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S λογος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM προς-P *ιωνας-N1T-ASM ο- A--ASM ο- A--GSM *αμαθι-N---GSM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

2 αναιστημι-VH--AAD2S και-C πορευομαι-VC--APD2S εις-P *νινευη-N1--ASF ο- A--ASF πολις-N3I-ASF ο- A--ASF μεγας-A1--ASF και-C κηρυσσω-VA--AAD2S εν-P αυτος- D--DSF οτι-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S ο- A--NSF κραυγη-N1--NSF ο- A--GSF κακια-N1A-GSF αυτος- D--GSF προς-P εγω- P--AS

3 και-C αναιστημι-VHI-AAI3S *ιωνας-N1T-NSM ο- A--GSN φευγω-VB--AAN εις-P *θαρσις-N---AS εκ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN κυριος-N2--GSM και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εις-P *ιοππη-N1--ASF και-C ευρισκω-VB--AAI3S πλοιον-N2N-ASN βαδιζω-V1--PAPASN εις-P *θαρσις-N---AS και-C διδωμι-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASN ναυλον-N2N-ASN αυτος- D--GSM και-C ενβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εις-P αυτος- D--ASN ο- A--GSN πλεω-VA--AAN μετα-P αυτος- D--GPM εις-P *θαρσις-N---AS εκ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN κυριος-N2--GSM

4 και-C κυριος-N2--NSM εκαγειρω-V1I-IAI3S πνευμα-N3M-ASN εις-P ο- A--ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S κλυδων-N3W-NSM μεγας-A1P-NSM εν-P ο- A--DSF θαλασσα-N1S-DSF και-C ο- A--NSN πλοιον-N2N-NSN κινδυνευω-V1I-IAI3S συντριβω-VD--APN

5 και-C φοβεω-VCI-API3P ο- A--NPM ναυτικος-A1--NPM και-C αναβοαω-V4I-IAI3P εκαστος-A1--NSM προς-P ο- A--ASM θεος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκβολη-N1--ASF ποιεω-VAI-AMI3P ο- A--GPN σκευος-N3E-GPN ο- A--GPN εν-P ο- A--DSN πλοιον-N2N-DSN εις-P ο- A--ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF ο- A--GSN κουφιζω-VS--APN απο-P αυτος- D--GPM *ιωνας-N1T-NSM δε-X καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εις-P ο- A--ASF κοιλος-A1--ASF ο- A--GSN πλοιον-N2N-GSN και-C καταευδω-V1I-IAI3S και-C ρεγχω-VAI-AAI3S

6 και-C προςερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S προς-P αυτος- D--ASM ο- A--NSM πρωρευς-N3V-NSM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DSM τις- I--ASN συ- P--NS ρεγχω-V1--PAI2S αναιστημι-VH--AAD2S και-C επικαλεω-V2--PMD2S ο- A--ASM θεος-N2--ASM συ- P--GS οπως-C διασωζω-VF--FMI2S ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM εγω- P--AP και-C μη-D αποολλυω-V5--PMS1P

7 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S εκαστος-A1--NSM προς-P ο- A--ASM πλησιον-D αυτος- D--GSM δευτε-D βαλλω-VB--AAS1P κληρος-N2--APM και-C επιγιγνωσκω-VZ--AAS1P τις- I--GSN ενεκεν-P ο- A--NSF κακια-N1A-NSF ουτος- D--NSF ειμι-V9--PAI3S εν-P εγω- P--DP και-C βαλλω-VBI-AAI3P κληρος-N2--APM και-C πιπτω-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM κληρος-N2--NSM επι-P *ιωνας-N1T-ASM

8 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3P προς-P αυτος- D--ASM αποαγγελλω-VB--AAD2S εγω- P--DP τις- I--GSN ενεκεν-P ο- A--NSF κακια-N1A-NSF ουτος- D--NSF ειμι-V9--PAI3S εν-P εγω- P--DP τις- I--NSM συ- P--GS ο- A--NSF εργασια-N1A-NSF ειμι-V9--PAI3S και-C ποθεν-D ερχομαι-V1--PMS2S και-C εκ-P ποιος-A1A-GSF χωρα-N1A-GSF και-C εκ-P ποιος-A1A-GSM λαος-N2--GSM ειμι-V9--PAI2S συ- P--NS

9 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S προς-P αυτος- D--APM δουλος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S και-C ο- A--ASM κυριος-N2--ASM θεος-N2--ASM ο- A--GSM ουρανος-N2--GSM εγω- P--NS σεβομαι-V1--PMI1S ος- --NSM ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF και-C ο- A--ASF ξηρος-A1A-ASF

10 και-C φοβεω-VCI-API3P ο- A--NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM φοβος-N2--ASM μεγας-A1P-ASM και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P προς-P αυτος- D--ASM τις- I--ASN ουτος- D--ASN ποιεω-VAI-AAI2S διοτι-C γιγνωσκω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM οτι-C εκ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN κυριος-N2--GSM ειμι-V9--IAI3S φευγω-V1--PAPNSM οτι-C αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM

11 και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P προς-P αυτος- D--ASM τις- I--ASN συ- P--DS ποιεω-VA--AAS1P και-C κοπαζω-VF--FAI3S ο- A--NSF θαλασσα-N1S-NSF απο-P εγω- P--GP οτι-C ο- A--NSF θαλασσα-N1S-NSF πορευομαι-V1I-IMI3S και-C εκαγειρω-V1I-IAI3S μαλλον-D κλυδων-N3W-ASM

12 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S *ιωνας-N1T-NSM προς-P αυτος- D--APM αιρω-VA--AAD2P εγω- P--AS και-C ενβαλλω-VB--AAD2P εγω- P--AS εις-P ο- A--ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF και-C κοπαζω-VF--FAI3S ο- A--NSF θαλασσα-N1S-NSF απο-P συ- P--GP διοτι-C γιγνωσκω-VX--XAI1S εγω- P--NS οτι-C δια-P εγω- P--AS ο- A--NSM κλυδων-N3W-NSM ο- A--NSM μεγας-A1P-NSM ουτος- D--NSM επι-P συ- P--AP ειμι-V9--PAI3S

13 και-C παραβιαζομαι-V1I-IMI3P ο- A--NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM ο- A--GSN επιστρεφω-VA--AAN προς-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF και-C ου-D δυναμαι-V6I-IMI3P οτι-C ο- A--NSF θαλασσα-N1S-NSF πορευομαι-V1I-IMI3S και-C εκαγειρω-V1I-IMI3S μαλλον-D επι-P αυτος- D--APM

14 και-C αναβοαω-VAI-AAI3P προς-P κυριος-N2--ASM και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P μηδαμως-D κυριος-N2--VSM μη-D αποολλυω-V5--PMS1P ενεκεν-P ο- A--GSF ψυχη-N1--GSF ο- A--GSM ανθρωπος-N2--GSM ουτος- D--GSM και-C μη-D διδωμι-VO--AAS2S επι-P εγω- P--AP αιμα-N3M-ASN δικαιος-A1A-ASN οτι-C συ- P--NS κυριος-N2--VSM ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM βουλομαι-V1I-IMI2S ποιεω-VX--XAI2S

15 και-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--ASM *ιωνας-N1T-ASM και-C εκβαλλω-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM εις-P ο- A--ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF και-C ιστημι-VHI-AAI3S ο- A--NSF θαλασσα-N1S-NSF εκ-P ο- A--GSM σαλος-N2--GSM αυτος- D--GSF

16 και-C φοβεω-VCI-API3P ο- A--NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM φοβος-N2--DSM μεγας-A1--DSM ο- A--ASM κυριος-N2--ASM και-C θυω-VAI-AAI3P θυσια-N1A-ASF ο- A--DSM κυριος-N2--DSM και-C ευχομαι-VA--AMI3P ευχη-N1--APF

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 10325

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Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14