Joshua 12

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1 καὶ οὗτοι οἱ βασιλεῖς τῆς γῆς οὓς ἀνεῖλον οἱ υἱοὶ ισραηλ καὶ κατεκληρονόμησαν τὴν γῆν αὐτῶν πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου ἀφ' ἡλίου ἀνατολῶν ἀπὸ φάραγγος αρνων ἕως τοῦ ὄρους αερμων καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν αραβα ἀπ' ἀνατολῶν

2 σηων τὸν βασιλέα τῶν αμορραίων ὃς κατῴκει ἐν εσεβων κυριεύων ἀπὸ αροηρ ἥ ἐστιν ἐν τῇ φάραγγι κατὰ μέρος τῆς φάραγγος καὶ τὸ ἥμισυ τῆς γαλααδ ἕως ιαβοκ ὅρια υἱῶν αμμων

3 καὶ αραβα ἕως τῆς θαλάσσης χενερεθ κατ' ἀνατολὰς καὶ ἕως τῆς θαλάσσης αραβα θάλασσαν τῶν ἁλῶν ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν ὁδὸν τὴν κατὰ ασιμωθ ἀπὸ θαιμαν τὴν ὑπὸ ασηδωθ φασγα

4 καὶ ωγ βασιλεὺς βασαν ὑπελείφθη ἐκ τῶν γιγάντων ὁ κατοικῶν ἐν ασταρωθ καὶ ἐν εδραϊν

5 ἄρχων ἀπὸ ὄρους αερμων καὶ ἀπὸ σελχα καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν βασαν ἕως ὁρίων γεσουρι καὶ τὴν μαχατι καὶ τὸ ἥμισυ γαλααδ ὁρίων σηων βασιλέως εσεβων

6 μωυσῆς ὁ παῖς κυρίου καὶ οἱ υἱοὶ ισραηλ ἐπάταξαν αὐτούς καὶ ἔδωκεν αὐτὴν μωυσῆς ἐν κληρονομίᾳ ρουβην καὶ γαδ καὶ τῷ ἡμίσει φυλῆς μανασση

7 καὶ οὗτοι οἱ βασιλεῖς τῶν αμορραίων οὓς ἀνεῖλεν ἰησοῦς καὶ οἱ υἱοὶ ισραηλ ἐν τῷ πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου παρὰ θάλασσαν βααλγαδ ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ τοῦ λιβάνου καὶ ἕως τοῦ ὄρους χελχα ἀναβαινόντων εἰς σηιρ καὶ ἔδωκεν αὐτὴν ἰησοῦς ταῖς φυλαῖς ισραηλ κληρονομεῖν κατὰ κλῆρον αὐτῶν

8 ἐν τῷ ὄρει καὶ ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ καὶ ἐν αραβα καὶ ἐν ασηδωθ καὶ ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ καὶ ἐν ναγεβ τὸν χετταῖον καὶ τὸν αμορραῖον καὶ τὸν χαναναῖον καὶ τὸν φερεζαῖον καὶ τὸν ευαῖον καὶ τὸν ιεβουσαῖον

9 τὸν βασιλέα ιεριχω καὶ τὸν βασιλέα τῆς γαι ἥ ἐστιν πλησίον βαιθηλ

10 βασιλέα ιερουσαλημ βασιλέα χεβρων

11 βασιλέα ιεριμουθ βασιλέα λαχις

12 βασιλέα αιλαμ βασιλέα γαζερ

13 βασιλέα δαβιρ βασιλέα γαδερ

14 βασιλέα ερμαθ βασιλέα αραθ

15 βασιλέα λεβνα βασιλέα οδολλαμ

16 βασιλέα μακηδα

17 βασιλέα ταφουγ βασιλέα οφερ

18 βασιλέα αφεκ τῆς σαρων

19 βασιλέα ασωρ

20 βασιλέα συμοων βασιλέα μαρρων βασιλέα αζιφ

21 βασιλέα καδης βασιλέα ταναχ

22 βασιλέα μαγεδων βασιλέα ιεκοναμ τοῦ χερμελ

23 βασιλέα δωρ τοῦ ναφεδδωρ βασιλέα γωιμ τῆς γαλιλαίας

24 βασιλέα θαρσα πάντες οὗτοι βασιλεῖς εἴκοσι ἐννέα

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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Deuteronomy 1:4, 2:32, 3:1, 11, 4:44, 46

Joshua 3:10, 16, 6:2, 8:29, 10:23, 28, 29, 30, 33, 38, 39, 40, 11:1, 2, 16, 17, 23, 13:8, 12, 14:3, 18:7, 21:25, 34, 22:4

Judges 1:9, 5:19

1 Kings 4:10, 12, 19, 14:17

Nehemiah 9:24

Psalms 135:11