Joshua 13

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1 καὶ ἰησοῦς πρεσβύτερος προβεβηκὼς τῶν ἡμερῶν καὶ εἶπεν κύριος πρὸς ἰησοῦν σὺ προβέβηκας τῶν ἡμερῶν καὶ ἡ γῆ ὑπολέλειπται πολλὴ εἰς κληρονομίαν

2 καὶ αὕτη ἡ γῆ ἡ καταλελειμμένη ὅρια φυλιστιιμ ὁ γεσιρι καὶ ὁ χαναναῖος

3 ἀπὸ τῆς ἀοικήτου τῆς κατὰ πρόσωπον αἰγύπτου ἕως τῶν ὁρίων ακκαρων ἐξ εὐωνύμων τῶν χαναναίων προσλογίζεται ταῖς πέντε σατραπείαις τῶν φυλιστιιμ τῷ γαζαίῳ καὶ τῷ ἀζωτίῳ καὶ τῷ ἀσκαλωνίτῃ καὶ τῷ γεθθαίῳ καὶ τῷ ακκαρωνίτῃ καὶ τῷ ευαίῳ

4 ἐκ θαιμαν καὶ πάσῃ γῇ χανααν ἐναντίον γάζης καὶ οἱ σιδώνιοι ἕως αφεκ ἕως τῶν ὁρίων τῶν αμορραίων

5 καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν γαβλι φυλιστιιμ καὶ πάντα τὸν λίβανον ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν ἡλίου ἀπὸ γαλγαλ ὑπὸ τὸ ὄρος τὸ αερμων ἕως τῆς εἰσόδου εμαθ

6 πᾶς ὁ κατοικῶν τὴν ὀρεινὴν ἀπὸ τοῦ λιβάνου ἕως τῆς μασερεφωθμαιμ πάντας τοὺς σιδωνίους ἐγὼ αὐτοὺς ἐξολεθρεύσω ἀπὸ προσώπου ισραηλ ἀλλὰ διάδος αὐτὴν ἐν κλήρῳ τῷ ισραηλ ὃν τρόπον σοι ἐνετειλάμην

7 καὶ νῦν μέρισον τὴν γῆν ταύτην ἐν κληρονομίᾳ ταῖς ἐννέα φυλαῖς καὶ τῷ ἡμίσει φυλῆς μανασση ἀπὸ τοῦ ιορδάνου ἕως τῆς θαλάσσης τῆς μεγάλης κατὰ δυσμὰς ἡλίου δώσεις αὐτήν ἡ θάλασσα ἡ μεγάλη ὁριεῖ

8 ταῖς δὲ δύο φυλαῖς καὶ τῷ ἡμίσει φυλῆς μανασση τῷ ρουβην καὶ τῷ γαδ ἔδωκεν μωυσῆς ἐν τῷ πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου κατ' ἀνατολὰς ἡλίου δέδωκεν αὐτὴν μωυσῆς ὁ παῖς κυρίου

9 ἀπὸ αροηρ ἥ ἐστιν ἐπὶ τοῦ χείλους χειμάρρου αρνων καὶ τὴν πόλιν τὴν ἐν μέσῳ τῆς φάραγγος καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν μισωρ ἀπὸ μαιδαβα ἕως δαιβαν

10 πάσας τὰς πόλεις σηων βασιλέως αμορραίων ὃς ἐβασίλευσεν ἐν εσεβων ἕως τῶν ὁρίων υἱῶν αμμων

11 καὶ τὴν γαλααδίτιδα καὶ τὰ ὅρια γεσιρι καὶ τοῦ μαχατι πᾶν ὄρος αερμων καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν βασανῖτιν ἕως σελχα

12 πᾶσαν τὴν βασιλείαν ωγ ἐν τῇ βασανίτιδι ὃς ἐβασίλευσεν ἐν ασταρωθ καὶ ἐν εδραϊν οὗτος κατελείφθη ἀπὸ τῶν γιγάντων καὶ ἐπάταξεν αὐτὸν μωυσῆς καὶ ἐξωλέθρευσεν

13 καὶ οὐκ ἐξωλέθρευσαν οἱ υἱοὶ ισραηλ τὸν γεσιρι καὶ τὸν μαχατι καὶ τὸν χαναναῖον καὶ κατῴκει βασιλεὺς γεσιρι καὶ ὁ μαχατι ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς ισραηλ ἕως τῆς σήμερον ἡμέρας

14 πλὴν τῆς φυλῆς λευι οὐκ ἐδόθη κληρονομία κύριος ὁ θεὸς ισραηλ οὗτος αὐτῶν κληρονομία καθὰ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς κύριος καὶ οὗτος ὁ καταμερισμός ὃν κατεμέρισεν μωυσῆς τοῖς υἱοῖς ισραηλ ἐν αραβωθ μωαβ ἐν τῷ πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου κατὰ ιεριχω

15 καὶ ἔδωκεν μωυσῆς τῇ φυλῇ ρουβην κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν

16 καὶ ἐγενήθη αὐτῶν τὰ ὅρια ἀπὸ αροηρ ἥ ἐστιν κατὰ πρόσωπον φάραγγος αρνων καὶ ἡ πόλις ἡ ἐν τῇ φάραγγι αρνων καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν μισωρ

17 ἕως εσεβων καὶ πάσας τὰς πόλεις τὰς οὔσας ἐν τῇ μισωρ καὶ δαιβων καὶ βαμωθβααλ καὶ οἴκου βεελμων

18 καὶ ιασσα καὶ κεδημωθ καὶ μεφααθ

19 καὶ καριαθαιμ καὶ σεβαμα καὶ σεραδα καὶ σιωρ ἐν τῷ ὄρει εμακ

20 καὶ βαιθφογωρ καὶ ασηδωθ φασγα καὶ βαιθασιμωθ

21 καὶ πάσας τὰς πόλεις τοῦ μισωρ καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ σηων βασιλέως τῶν αμορραίων ὃν ἐπάταξεν μωυσῆς αὐτὸν καὶ τοὺς ἡγουμένους μαδιαμ καὶ τὸν ευι καὶ τὸν ροκομ καὶ τὸν σουρ καὶ τὸν ουρ καὶ τὸν ροβε ἄρχοντας παρὰ σηων καὶ τοὺς κατοικοῦντας τὴν γῆν

22 καὶ τὸν βαλααμ τὸν τοῦ βεωρ τὸν μάντιν ἀπέκτειναν ἐν τῇ ῥοπῇ

23 ἐγένετο δὲ τὰ ὅρια ρουβην ιορδάνης ὅριον αὕτη ἡ κληρονομία υἱῶν ρουβην κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν αἱ πόλεις αὐτῶν καὶ αἱ ἐπαύλεις αὐτῶν

24 ἔδωκεν δὲ μωυσῆς τοῖς υἱοῖς γαδ κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν

25 καὶ ἐγένετο τὰ ὅρια αὐτῶν ιαζηρ πᾶσαι αἱ πόλεις γαλααδ καὶ τὸ ἥμισυ γῆς υἱῶν αμμων ἕως αροηρ ἥ ἐστιν κατὰ πρόσωπον ραββα

26 καὶ ἀπὸ εσεβων ἕως ραμωθ κατὰ τὴν μασσηφα καὶ βοτανιν καὶ μααναιν ἕως τῶν ὁρίων δαβιρ

27 καὶ ἐν εμεκ βαιθαραμ καὶ βαιθαναβρα καὶ σοκχωθα καὶ σαφαν καὶ τὴν λοιπὴν βασιλείαν σηων βασιλέως εσεβων καὶ ὁ ιορδάνης ὁριεῖ ἕως μέρους τῆς θαλάσσης χενερεθ πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου ἀπ' ἀνατολῶν

28 αὕτη ἡ κληρονομία υἱῶν γαδ κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν αἱ πόλεις αὐτῶν καὶ αἱ ἐπαύλεις αὐτῶν

29 καὶ ἔδωκεν μωυσῆς τῷ ἡμίσει φυλῆς μανασση κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν

30 καὶ ἐγένετο τὰ ὅρια αὐτῶν ἀπὸ μααναιμ καὶ πᾶσα βασιλεία βασανι καὶ πᾶσα βασιλεία ωγ βασιλέως βασαν καὶ πάσας τὰς κώμας ιαϊρ αἵ εἰσιν ἐν τῇ βασανίτιδι ἑξήκοντα πόλεις

31 καὶ τὸ ἥμισυ τῆς γαλααδ καὶ ἐν ασταρωθ καὶ ἐν εδραϊν πόλεις βασιλείας ωγ ἐν βασανίτιδι καὶ ἐδόθησαν τοῖς υἱοῖς μαχιρ υἱοῦ μανασση καὶ τοῖς ἡμίσεσιν υἱοῖς μαχιρ υἱοῦ μανασση κατὰ δήμους αὐτῶν

32 οὗτοι οὓς κατεκληρονόμησεν μωυσῆς πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου ἐν αραβωθ μωαβ ἐν τῷ πέραν τοῦ ιορδάνου κατὰ ιεριχω ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:18, 18:11, 32:3, 35:22, 23, 26

Exodus 23:31

Numbers 18:20, 23, 24, 21:26, 30, 25:15, 31:8, 32:19, 33, 41, 33:49, 34:2, 8, 11, 12, 13

Deuteronomy 2:19, 23, 26, 3:4, 8, 10

Joshua 1:6, 11:2, 8, 12, 17, 12:4, 6, 13:33, 14:1, 2, 3, 17:5, 6, 18:3, 7, 21:36, 37, 38, 23:1, 2, 5

Judges 3:3, 10:17, 11:26

1 Samuel 5:8, 10, 6:4, 13:7, 27:8

2 Samuel 3:3, 10:6, 24:5

1 Kings 1:1

1 Chronicles 5:8, 11, 16, 13:5, 19:7

Isaiah 17:2

Jeremiah 48:21, 23

Ezekiel 25:9, 27:9, 44:28, 48:4, 6, 27

Zephaniah 2:5

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