Genesis 16

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1 Igitur Sarai, uxor Abram, non genuerat liberos : sed habens ancillam ægyptiam nomine Agar,

2 dixit marito suo : Ecce, conclusit me Dominus, ne parerem. Ingredere ad ancillam meam, si forte saltem ex illa suscipiam filios. Cumque ille acquiesceret deprecanti,

3 tulit Agar ægyptiam ancillam suam post annos decem quam habitare cœperant in terra Chanaan : et dedit eam viro suo uxorem.

4 Qui ingressus est ad eam. At illa concepisse se videns, despexit dominam suam.

5 Dixitque Sarai ad Abram : Inique agis contra me : ego dedi ancillam meam in sinum tuum, quæ videns quod conceperit, despectui me habet : judicet Dominus inter me et te.

6 Cui respondens Abram : Ecce, ait, ancilla tua in manu tua est, utere ea ut libet. Affligente igitur eam Sarai, fugam iniit.

7 Cumque invenisset eam angelus Domini juxta fontem aquæ in solitudine, qui est in via Sur in deserto,

8 dixit ad illam : Agar ancilla Sarai, unde venis ? et quo vadis ? Quæ respondit : A facie Sarai dominæ meæ ego fugio.

9 Dixitque ei angelus Domini : Revertere ad dominam tuam, et humiliare sub manu illius.

10 Et rursum : Multiplicans, inquit, multiplicabo semen tuum, et non numerabitur præ multitudine.

11 Ac deinceps : Ecce, ait, concepisti, et paries filium : vocabisque nomen ejus Ismaël, eo quod audierit Dominus afflictionem tuam.

12 Hic erit ferus homo : manus ejus contra omnes, et manus omnium contra eum : et e regione universorum fratrum suorum figet tabernacula.

13 Vocavit autem nomen Domini qui loquebatur ad eam : Tu Deus qui vidisti me. Dixit enim : Profecto hic vidi posteriora videntis me.

14 Propterea appellavit puteum illum Puteum viventis et videntis me. Ipse est inter Cades et Barad.

15 Peperitque Agar Abræ filium : qui vocavit nomen ejus Ismaël.

16 Octoginta et sex annorum erat Abram quando peperit ei Agar Ismaëlem.


Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 16      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 1890. The subject treated of in this chapter is the Lord’s first rational, which was conceived by the influx of the internal man into the affection of memory-knowledges (scientiae) of the external. The internal man is "Abram;" the affection of memory-knowledges in the external is "Hagar the Egyptian handmaid;" the rational thence derived is "Ishmael." The nature of this rational is here described; and it is afterwards said (chapter 21); that it was expelled from the house, after the Lord‘s Divine rational, represented by Isaac, had been born.

AC 1891. The Lord’s first rational was conceived according to order by the influx or conjunction of the internal man with the life of the affection of memory-knowledges belonging to the external (verses 1 to 3). But as this affection was of the external man, its nature was such that it held intellectual truth in low esteem (verse 4). On which account the Lord thought concerning the subjugation of it (verses 5 to 9), and that when subjugated, it would become spiritual and celestial (verses 10, 11). What it would be if not subjugated, is described (verse 12); the Lord‘s insight into the cause from His interior man (verses 13, 14). The rational is thus described in respect to its quality; also the Lord’s state when it originated (verses 15, 16).

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