Genesis 17

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1 Postquam vero nonaginta et novem annorum esse cœperat, apparuit ei Dominus, dixitque ad eum : Ego Deus omnipotens : ambula coram me, et esto perfectus.

2 Ponamque fœdus meum inter me et te, et multiplicabo te vehementer nimis.

3 Cecidit Abram pronus in faciem.

4 Dixitque ei Deus : Ego sum, et pactum meum tecum, erisque pater multarum gentium.

5 Nec ultra vocabitur nomen tuum Abram, sed appellaberis Abraham : quia patrem multarum gentium constitui te.

6 Faciamque te crescere vehementissime, et ponam te in gentibus, regesque ex te egredientur.

7 Et statuam pactum meum inter me et te, et inter semen tuum post te in generationibus suis, fœdere sempiterno : ut sim Deus tuus, et seminis tui post te.

8 Daboque tibi et semini tuo terram peregrinationis tuæ, omnem terram Chanaan in possessionem æternam, eroque Deus eorum.

9 Dixit iterum Deus ad Abraham : Et tu ergo custodies pactum meum, et semen tuum post te in generationibus suis.

10 Hoc est pactum meum quod observabitis inter me et vos, et semen tuum post te : circumcidetur ex vobis omne masculinum :

11 et circumcidetis carnem præputii vestri, ut sit in signum fœderis inter me et vos.

12 Infans octo dierum circumcidetur in vobis, omne masculinum in generationibus vestris : tam vernaculus, quam emptitius circumcidetur, et quicumque non fuerit de stirpe vestra :

13 eritque pactum meum in carne vestra in fœdus æternum.

14 Masculus, cujus præputii caro circumcisa non fuerit, delebitur anima illa de populo suo : quia pactum meum irritum fecit.

15 Dixit quoque Deus ad Abraham : Sarai uxorem tuam non vocabis Sarai, sed Saram.

16 Et benedicam ei, et ex illa dabo tibi filium cui benedicturus sum : eritque in nationes, et reges populorum orientur ex eo.

17 Cecidit Abraham in faciem suam, et risit, dicens in corde suo : Putasne centenario nascetur filius ? et Sara nonagenaria pariet ?

18 Dixitque ad Deum : Utinam Ismaël vivat coram te.

19 Et ait Deus ad Abraham : Sara uxor tua pariet tibi filium, vocabisque nomen ejus Isaac, et constituam pactum meum illi in fœdus sempiternum, et semini ejus post eum.

20 Super Ismaël quoque exaudivi te : ecce, benedicam ei, et augebo, et multiplicabo eum valde : duodecim duces generabit, et faciam illum in gentem magnam.

21 Pactum vero meum statuam ad Isaac, quem pariet tibi Sara tempore isto in anno altero.

22 Cumque finitus esset sermo loquentis cum eo, ascendit Deus ab Abraham.

23 Tulit autem Abraham Ismaël filium suum, et omnes vernaculos domus suæ, universosque quos emerat, cunctos mares ex omnibus viris domus suæ : et circumcidit carnem præputii eorum statim in ipsa die, sicut præceperat ei Deus.

24 Abraham nonaginta et novem erat annorum quando circumcidit carnem præputii sui.

25 Et Ismaël filius tredecim annos impleverat tempore circumcisionis suæ.

26 Eadem die circumcisus est Abraham et Ismaël filius ejus :

27 et omnes viri domus illius, tam vernaculi, quam emptitii et alienigenæ pariter circumcisi sunt.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 17      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 1985. The subject here treated of is the union of the Lord’s Divine Essence with the Human Essence, and of the Human Essence with the Divine Essence; and also the conjunction of the Lord, through the Human Essence, with the human race.

AC 1986. Jehovah was manifested to the Lord in His Human (verse 1). Foretelling the union (verses 2, 3); namely, of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verses 4, 5). And that all good and truth is from Him (verse 6). The conjunction of the Divine with the human race would thus be effected through Him (verse 7). And the heavenly kingdom would be His, which He would give to those who should have faith in Him (verses 8, 9). But man must first remove his loves and their foul cupidities, and so be purified; this is what was represented and is signified by circumcision (verses 10, 11). Thus conjunction would be effected, both with those who are within the church, and with those who are without it (verse 12).

[2] Purification must by all means precede; otherwise there is no conjunction, but condemnation; and yet after all the conjunction cannot take place except in man‘s impurity (verses 13, 14). The union of the Human Essence with the Divine Essence, or of truth with good, is foretold (verses 15 to 17). Also conjunction with those who are in the truths of faith, namely, as with those who are of the celestial church, so with those who are of the spiritual church (verses 18, 19). And that the latter also would be imbued with the goods of faith (verse 20). In conclusion, these things will be effected through the union in the Lord of the Human Essence with the Divine Essence (verse 21). The end of the prediction (verse 22). It was so to be done, and it was so done (verses 23 to 27).

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