Joshua 7

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Joshua 6   Joshua 8 →         

1 And the sons of Israel trespassed a trespass in what was devoted*, and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zeraḥ, of the tribe of Judah, took from what was devoted; and the anger of Jehovah was·​·fierce against the sons of Israel.

2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is by Beth-aven from the east of Bethel, and he said to them, saying, Go·​·up and spy·​·out the land. And the men went·​·up and spied·​·out Ai.

3 And they returned to Joshua, and said to him, Let not all the people go·​·up, let about two·​·thousand men or about three thousand men go·​·up and smite Ai; make not all the people toil thither; for they are few.

4 And there went·​·up of the people thither about three thousand men; and they fled before the men of Ai.

5 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men; and they pursued them before the gate even·​·to Shebarim, and smote them in the going·​·down: and the heart of the people melted and became water.

6 And Joshua rent his raiment and fell on his face to the earth before the ark of Jehovah until the evening, he and the elders of Israel; and they brought·​·up dust on their head.

7 And Joshua said, Alas, O Lord Jehovih*, why hast Thou made this people crossing to cross·​·over the Jordan, to give us into the hand of the Amorite, to make· us ·perish? And would·​·that we had been·​·content and dwelt across the Jordan!

8 In·​·me* Lord, what shall I say after that Israel turns the back before his enemies!

9 And the Canaanite and all they who dwell·​·in the land shall hear and will surround us and cut·​·off our name from the land; and what wilt Thou do for Thy great name?

10 And Jehovah said to Joshua, Rise·​·up; why is this that thou hast fallen on thy face?

11 Israel has sinned and has even passed·​·by My covenant which I commanded them; and they have even taken of the devoted·​·thing and have even stolen, and even deceived, and have even set it into their vessels.

12 And the sons of Israel are· not ·able to rise·​·up before their enemies; they turn their back before their enemies for they have become as a doomed·​·thing*. I will not be with you again if you do not blot·​·out the doomed·​·thing from among you.

13 Arise, sanctify the people, and say, sanctify yourselves for tomorrow; for thus says Jehovah God of Israel, There is a devoted·​·thing among thee, O Israel, thou canst not rise·​·up before thine enemies until you remove the devoted·​·thing from among you.

14 And in the morning you shall be offered according·​·to your tribes; and it shall be that the tribe which Jehovah shall take shall offer themselves according·​·to the families; and the family which Jehovah shall take shall offer themselves according·​·to the houses; and the house which Jehovah shall take shall offer themselves according·​·to the mighty·​·men.

15 And it shall be that he that is taken with the devoted·​·thing shall be burned·​·up with fire, he and all that he has; for he has transgressed the covenant of Jehovah, and because he has done folly in Israel.

16 And Joshua got·​·up·​·early in the morning, and offered Israel according·​·to their tribes; and the tribe of Judah was taken.

17 And he offered the family of Judah; and He* took the family of the Zarhite; and he offered the family of the Zarhite according·​·to their mighty·​·men and He took Zabdi.

18 And he offered his house according·​·to the mighty·​·men and He took Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zeraḥ of the tribe of Judah.

19 And Joshua said to Achan, My son, set, I pray thee, glory for Jehovah the God of Israel, and give confession to Him; and tell, I pray thee, what thou hast done, conceal it not from me.

20 And Achan answered Joshua and said, Truly I have sinned against Jehovah, the God of Israel, and as this and as this* have I done:

21 And I saw among the spoil one good mantle of Shinar and two·​·hundred shekels of silver and one wedge* of gold of fifty shekels weight, and I coveted them and took them; and behold, they are concealed in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it.

22 And Joshua sent messengers and they ran to the tent; and behold, it was concealed in his tent, and the silver under it.

23 And they took them from the midst of the tent, and brought them in to Joshua and to all the sons of Israel, and poured them out before Jehovah.

24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan, the son of Zeraḥ, and the silver, and the mantle and the wedge of gold, and his sons and his daughters, and his ox and his donkey, and his flock and his tent, and all that he had; and they brought· them ·up to the valley of Achor.

25 And Joshua said, With what hast thou troubled us? Jehovah shall trouble thee on this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones; and they burned· them ·up with fire, and stoned them with stones.

26 And they raised·​·up over him a great heap of stones to this day; and Jehovah turned·​·back from the fierceness of His anger. Therefore he called the name of that place, the Valley of Achor, to this day.

← Joshua 6   Joshua 8 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 7: The defeat at Ai, and the sin of Achan.

This chapter opens with the statement that Israel had sinned at Jericho, because an Israelite named Achan had kept something for himself, against the Lord's commandment. (But Joshua doesn't know this yet.)

The great victory at Jericho was quickly followed by an embarrassing defeat at Ai. The Israelites hadn't expected much difficulty in taking Ai, and sent just a few thousand men to attack it. They were routed.

Spiritually, we might say that pride goes before a fall, but more specifically, in the work of our regeneration we are never to rest on our laurels, but to always stay alert to each situation and how we are internally handling it. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Understandably, Joshua pours out his heart to the Lord, wondering why they have even crossed over the Jordan to simply be destroyed. The Lord tells him that their defeat at Ai was because Israel sinned by taking some of the forbidden things of Jericho. The Lord explains how to put this right, by identifying the wrongdoer and destroying him and his family.

Note the weakness of Joshua (as earlier also with Moses at times) when things go wrong and he feels confused, full of doubt, hurt and afraid. When things go well, we go well; when things go badly, we tend to go to pieces. And we ask, “Why? Why this, why me, why now?”

The Lord’s answer is a command, “Get up! Why are you lying on your face?” This is a pretty plain meaning: The Lord wants us to use such setbacks to be able to go forward, seeing the problem as a challenge and an opportunity and learning point.

Joshua is told to find the source of the wrong and the defeat. From all the tribes, one tribe will be selected by the Lord. From all its families, one family will be chosen. From all its households, one household will be chosen, and from that household, one man will be chosen. And Achan was the man and he is brought out. (Arcana Caelestia 5135)

This drawing-by-lot is a remarkable picture of our spiritual self-examination. We’re told that to make our general confession of ‘having done what we should not have done’ is almost worthless because we are likely to just carry on the same afterwards. (Arcana Caelestia 8390) Our personal inventory must be specific. What kind of thoughts have I been allowing myself recently? What did that make me feel in my heart? Did I welcome it or want nothing to do with it? It’s a kind of pinpointing, and it leads us to Achan, whose name in Hebrew means ‘trouble’ and ‘troubler’. (The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 164)

Achan, discovered, doesn't hide or deny his wrongdoing but openly admits that he has sinned against the Lord. He'd seen a beautiful garment, much silver, and a chunk of gold, and took them, and hid them in the earth in the middle of his tent. He confesses and indeed, his confession is transparent. So must our confession be when we see things in ourselves that go against the Lord’s truths and ways. They bring forth his stolen goods from his tent.

Then, in a comprehensive way, Joshua took everything Achan owned in its entirety, including the stolen goods, to the Valley of Achor (a name again meaning ‘trouble’) and stoned him and all his family and burned them with fire and raised a heap of stones over it all. This, to us, might well sound like a brutal and an unwarranted punishment.

Spiritually, the Lord does not punish us, ever. Rather, he commands that we turn from our evils, and suffer the consequences if we don't. The Lord does this to help and encourage us to stop following our own way and to commit ourselves to following and living His way. We can only conquer Canaan, representing heaven, when we do this. (Arcana Caelestia 8622)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2327, 2576, 2838, 4539, 5135

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Související Knihy  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 3:6, 12:8, 34:30

Exodus 5:22, 9:27, 14:15, 32:12

Leviticus 10:6

Numbers 5:6, 7, 14:13, 42, 43, 25:8

Deuteronomy 1:44, 9:28, 13:6, 10, 11, 18

Joshua 3:1, 5, 6:18, 8:29, 22:18, 20

Judges 2:14, 11:35, 20:5, 6, 10, 23, 26

1 Samuel 4:12, 6:5, 10:19, 13:5, 14:42, 43

2 Samuel 1:2, 12:16, 13:19, 31, 18:17

1 Kings 12:29

2 Kings 5:24

1 Chronicles 2:7, 21:7

2 Chronicles 29:10

Ezra 9:3, 10:1, 11, 14

Nehemiah 9:1

Esther 4:1, 3

Job 1:20

Psalms 79:9, 83:5, 85:4, 115:1

Proverbs 1:19, 15:27, 16:33

Ecclesiastes 9:18

Isaiah 10:28, 65:10

Jeremiah 13:16

Hosea 2:17, 4:15

Joel 2:17

Jonah 1:8, 15

Micah 7:10

Luke 15:21

John 9:24

1 Timothy 6:9

James 1:15

1 John 2:16

Významy biblických slov

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

spy
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

spied
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

smite
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

fled
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

smote
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

thirty
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

melted
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

raiment
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

dust
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jehovih
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

dwelt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

turns
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

surround
People inspired by evil desires and informed by false ideas want nothing more than to attack and destroy the things that are good and true...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

stolen
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

vessels
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

rise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sanctify
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tomorrow
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Folly
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

early
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

family
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

truly
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

spoil
'Spoil of gold, and silver, and cattle' signifies falsified truths.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

Shinar
'The land of Shinar,' as in Genesis 10:10, signifies external worship, which has profane internal.

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

shekels
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

tongue
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

messengers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

zera
'Zarah,' as in Genesis 38:30, signifies the quality of good as actually being firstborn, and truth only seems to be. 'Zarah' in the original tongue...

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

daughters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

stoned
The act of 'stoning' means condemnation and a curse, because of the destruction of truth in the church.

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

heap
'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...

stones
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

anger
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

valley of
'The valley of Siddim' signifies the uncleanness of lust, and the falsities derived from them.

Videa od Swedenborg Foundation

Zde uvedená videa jsou poskytnuta se svolením našich přátel ze Swedenborg Foundation. Více se o nich dozvíte zde: swedenborg.com.


What the Bible Is - Swedenborg and Life

Is the Bible just an outdated book of confusing and contradictory moral lessons? Here’s one spiritual explorer’s philosophy on the hidden meaning of the Word.

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Achan’s Sin
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Achan's Sin Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about Achan's sin after the battle of Jericho. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Capture of Ai
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Capture of Ai
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


Přeložit: