1 Samuel 10

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Allora Samuele prese un vasetto d’olio, lo versò sul capo di lui, baciò Saul e disse: "L’Eterno non t’ha egli unto perché tu sia il capo della sua eredità?

2 Oggi, quando tu sarai partito da me, troverai due uomini presso al sepolcro di Rachele, ai confini di Beniamino, a Tseltsah, i quali ti diranno: Le asine delle quali andavi in cerca, sono trovate; ed ecco tuo padre non è più in pensiero per le asine, ma è in pena per voi, e va dicendo: Che farò io riguardo al mio figliuolo?

3 E quando sarai passato più innanzi e sarai giunto alla quercia di Tabor, t’incontrerai con tre uomini che salgono ad adorare Iddio a Bethel, portando l’uno tre capretti, l’altro tre pani, e il terzo un otre di vino.

4 Essi ti saluteranno, e ti daranno due pani, che riceverai dalla loro mano.

5 Poi arriverai a Ghibea-Elohim, dov’è la guarnigione dei Filistei; e avverrà che, entrando in città, incontrerai una schiera di profeti che scenderanno dall’alto luogo, preceduti da saltèri, da timpani, da flauti, da cetre, e che profeteranno.

6 E lo spirito dell’Eterno t’investirà e tu profeterai con loro, e sarai mutato in un altr’uomo.

7 E quando questi segni ti saranno avvenuti, fa’ quello che avrai occasione di fare, poiché Dio è teco.

8 Poi scenderai prima di me a Ghilgal; ed ecco io scenderò verso te per offrire olocausti e sacrifizi di azioni di grazie. Tu aspetterai sette giorni, finch’io giunga da te e ti faccia sapere quello che devi fare".

9 E non appena egli ebbe voltate le spalle per partirsi da Samuele, Iddio gli mutò il cuore, e tutti quei segni si verificarono in quel medesimo giorno.

10 E come giunsero a Ghibea, ecco che una schiera di profeti si fece incontro a Saul; allora lo spirito di Dio lo investì, ed egli si mise a profetare in mezzo a loro.

11 Tutti quelli che l’avean conosciuto prima, lo videro che profetava coi profeti, e dicevano l’uno all’altro: "Che è mai avvenuto al figliuolo di Kis? Saul è anch’egli tra i profeti?"

12 E un uomo del luogo rispose, dicendo: "E chi è il loro padre?" Di qui venne il proverbio: "Saul e anch’egli tra i profeti?"

13 E come Saul ebbe finito di profetare, si recò all’alto luogo.

14 E lo zio di Saul disse a lui e al suo servo: "Dove siete andati?" Saul rispose: "A cercare le asine; ma vedendo che non le potevamo trovare, siamo andati da Samuele".

15 E lo zio di Saul disse: "Raccontami, ti prego, quello che vi ha detto Samuele".

16 E Saul a suo zio: "Egli ci ha dichiarato positivamente che le asine erano trovate". Ma di quel che Samuele avea detto riguardo al regno non gli riferì nulla.

17 Poi Samuele convocò il popolo dinanzi all’Eterno a Mitspa,

18 e disse ai figliuoli d’Israele: "Così dice l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele: Io trassi Israele dall’Egitto, e vi liberai dalle mani degli Egiziani e dalle mani di tutti i regni che vi opprimevano.

19 Ma oggi voi rigettate l’Iddio vostro che vi salvò da tutti i vostri mali e da tutte le vostre tribolazioni, e gli dite: Stabilisci su di noi un re! Or dunque presentatevi nel cospetto dell’Eterno per tribù e per migliaia".

20 Poi Samuele fece accostare tutte le tribù d’Israele, e la tribù di Beniamino fu designata dalla sorte.

21 Fece quindi accostare la tribù di Beniamino per famiglie, e la famiglia di Matri fu designata dalla sorte. Poi fu designato Saul, figliuolo di Kis; e lo cercarono, ma non fu trovato.

22 Allora consultarono di nuovo l’Eterno: "Quell’uomo è egli già venuto qua?" l’Eterno rispose: "Guardate, ei s’è nascosto fra i bagagli".

23 Corsero a trarlo di là; e quand’egli si presentò in mezzo ai popolo, era più alto di tutta la gente dalle spalle in su.

24 E Samuele disse a tutto il popolo: "Vedete colui che l’Eterno si è scelto? Non v’è alcuno in tutto il popolo che sia pari a lui". E tutto il popolo diè in esclamazioni di gioia, gridando: "Viva il re!"

25 Allora Samuele espose al popolo la legge del regno, e la scrisse in un libro, che depose nel cospetto dell’Eterno. Poi Samuele rimandò tutto il popolo, ciascuno a casa sua.

26 Saul se ne andò anch’egli a casa sua a Ghibea, e con lui andarono gli uomini valorosi a cui Dio avea toccato il cuore.

27 Nondimeno, ci furono degli uomini da nulla che dissero: "Come ci salverebbe costui?" E lo disprezzarono e non gli portarono alcun dono. Ma egli fece vista di non udire.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 10      

In this chapter, Samuel took a flask of oil and anointed Saul’s head. He told Saul that the donkeys he was searching for had been found, and sent him instead to Bethel, which he also called the hill of God. Bethel, where the Ark of the Covenant was kept, was a holy place. It represents a knowledge of celestial things (see Arcana Coelestia 1453).

Samuel prophesied that Saul would encounter a group of prophets at Bethel. When Saul arrived there, he met them, and he immediately felt the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied with them. When Saul returned home, the people who knew him recognized that something about him had changed. Had he become a prophet?

Later in the story, Samuel again called the people together at Mizpah. He spoke to them about how they had rejected the Lord. Then he began a selection process, drawing lots to determine who would be their first king. The tribe of Benjamin was chosen, then the family of Matri, and ultimately Saul. However, Saul was reluctant, and was hiding. They searched for him, found him, and brought him before the people. The people saw his outstanding appearance and height, and accepted him as someone suitable. Saul explained “the manner of the kingdom", and also described it in a book. The gathering was then dismissed.

Right away, there were hints of future trouble. Some people, referred to as children of Belial, who doubted that Saul was the man to lead them, and they did not bring him gifts.

The children of Belial stand for false ideas that are derived from evil, hellish loves. They are associated with the worship of other gods.

In the Word, gifts symbolize an introduction, to “initiate goodwill and favour.” These people did not trust Saul, and did not seek to create a good relationship with him (see Arcana Coelestia 4262).

It was important that the kings of Israel were anointed with oil. It was a mark of the representative role that they were to take. As mentioned in the previous chapter, they could not represent the Lord in the type of loving way that priests could. Instead, they could represent His truth. They could be examples of what it means to live by and enforce the law and to provide order.

The oil that Samuel used to anoint Saul also has a symbolic meaning. It represents the Lord as the good of love (see Arcana Coelestia 9954). Swedenborg writes that the reason priests and kings were anointed is that through this they represented the Lord, in His Divine humanity (see Apocalypse Revealed 779).

In a number of places in Scripture it is said that each of us has been made “kings and priests to God.” (See especially Revelation 1:5 and 5:10) This means that our lives can evolve, with the Lord’s guidance, so that everything about us can be an expression of both His love and His teachings, as they exist as a unity. This is what is means to become the “image and likeness of God” as described in Genesis 1:26.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 1453, 4262, 6983, 9954

Apocalypse Revealed 779


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 323, 375

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Genesi 35:19, 20

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1 Samuel 3:19, 21, 4:1, 7:5, 6, 16, 8:5, 7, 9, 9:1, 2, 3, 10, 16, 20, 11:4, 6, 12, 14, 15, 12:1, 13:2, 3, 4, 8, 15:1, 17, 33, 34, 16:13, 19:20, 24, 20:13, 23:2, 4, 9, 30:7, 8

2 Samuel 2:1, 7:3, 19:16, 20:19, 21:1, 6

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1 Cronache 25:3

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Lavoro 31:25

Proverbi 12:23

Ecclesiaste 3:7, 7:21, 9:10

Ezechiele 36:26

Matteo 13:55

Atti degli Apostoli 21, 22:10

Významy biblických slov

samuele
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

olio
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

baciò
To kiss' signifies uniting or conjunction from affection. To kiss,' as in c, signifies initiation. 'To kiss' signifies conjunction and acknowledgment.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

unto
L'olio nella Bibbia rappresenta l'amore del Signore, quindi ungere qualcuno (o qualcosa) con l'olio era un modo per rendere quella persona (o quell'oggetto) un rappresentante...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

rachele
'Rachel' denotes the affection of interior truth.

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

cerca
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

bethel
Quando Giacobbe fece il suo famoso sogno, di una scala che portava in cielo, chiamò il luogo "Bethel", che in ebraico significa "la casa di...

portando
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

incontrerai
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

profeti
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

alto
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

segni
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

spirito di Dio
Lo spirito di Dio", come in Genesi 1:2significa la misericordia divina del Signore. Lo spirito di Dio è la sua emanazione. Lo "spirito di Dio"...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

in mezzo a
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

mezzo
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

conosciuto
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

saul
Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

cercare
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

vedendo
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dichiarato
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Egiziani
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

tribolazioni
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

migliaia
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

famiglia
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

trovato
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

legge
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Ghibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

toccato
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

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