1 Samuel 9

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1 Or v’era un uomo di Beniamino, per nome Kis, figliuolo d’Abiel, figliuolo di Tseror, figliuolo di Becorath, figliuolo d’Afiac, figliuolo d’un Beniaminita. Era un uomo forte e valoroso;

2 aveva un figliuolo per nome Saul, giovine e bello; non ve n’era tra i figliuoli d’Israele uno più bello di lui: era più alto di tutta la gente dalle spalle in su.

3 Or le asine di Kis, padre di Saul, s’erano smarrite; e Kis disse a Saul, suo figliuolo: "Prendi teco uno dei servi, lèvati e va’ in cerca delle asine".

4 Egli passò per la contrada montuosa di Efraim e attraversò il paese di Shalisha, senza trovarle; poi passarono per il paese di Shaalim, ma non vi erano; attraversarono il paese dei Beniaminiti, ma non le trovarono.

5 Quando furon giunti nel paese di Tsuf, Saul disse al servo che era con lui: "Vieni, torniamocene, ché altrimenti mio padre cesserebbe dal pensare alle asine e sarebbe in pena per noi".

6 Il servo gli disse: "Ecco, v’è in questa città un uomo di Dio, ch’è tenuto in grande onore; tutto quello ch’egli dice, succede sicuramente; andiamoci; forse egli c’indicherà la via che dobbiamo seguire".

7 E Saul disse al suo servo: "Ma, ecco, se v’andiamo, che porteremo noi all’uomo di Dio? Poiché non ci son più provvisioni nei nostri sacchi, e non abbiamo alcun presente da offrire all’uomo di Dio. Che abbiamo con noi?"

8 Il servo replicò a Saul, dicendo: "Ecco, io mi trovo in possesso del quarto d’un siclo d’argento; lo darò all’uomo di Dio, ed egli c’indicherà la via.

9 (Anticamente, in Israele, quand’uno andava a consultare Iddio, diceva: "Venite, andiamo dal Veggente!" poiché colui che oggi si chiama Profeta, anticamente si chiamava Veggente).

10 E Saul disse al suo servo: "Dici bene; vieni, andiamo". E andarono alla città dove stava l’uomo di Dio.

11 Mentre facevano la salita che mena alla città, trovarono delle fanciulle che uscivano ad attingere acqua, e chiesero loro: "E’ qui il veggente?"

12 Quelle risposer loro, dicendo: "Sì, c’è; è là dove sei diretto; ma va’ presto, giacché è venuto oggi in città, perché oggi il popolo fa un sacrifizio sull’alto luogo.

13 Quando sarete entrati in città, lo troverete di certo, prima ch’egli salga all’alto luogo a mangiare. Il popolo non mangerà prima ch’egli sia giunto, perché è lui che deve benedire il sacrifizio; dopo di che, i convitati mangeranno. Or dunque salite, perché proprio ora lo troverete".

14 Ed essi salirono alla città; e, come vi furono entrati, ecco Samuele che usciva loro incontro per salire all’alto luogo.

15 Or un giorno prima dell’arrivo di Saul, l’Eterno aveva avvertito Samuele, dicendo:

16 "Domani, a quest’ora, ti manderò un uomo del paese di Beniamino, e tu l’ungerai come capo del mio popolo d’Israele. Egli salverà il mio popolo dalle mani dei Filistei; poiché io ho rivolto lo sguardo verso il mio popolo, perché il suo grido è giunto fino a me".

17 E quando Samuele vide Saul, l’Eterno gli disse: "Ecco l’uomo di cui t’ho parlato; egli è colui che signoreggerà sul mio popolo".

18 Saul s’avvicinò a Samuele entro la porta della città, e gli disse: "Indicami, ti prego, dove sia la casa del veggente".

19 E Samuele rispose a Saul: "Sono io il veggente. Sali davanti a me all’alto luogo, e mangerete oggi con me; poi domattina ti lascerò partire, e ti dirò tutto quello che hai nel cuore.

20 E quanto alle asine smarrite tre giorni fa, non dartene pensiero, perché son trovate. E per chi è tutto quello che v’è di desiderabile in Israele? Non è esso per te e per tutta la casa di tuo padre?"

21 Saul, rispondendo, disse: "Non son io un Beniaminita? di una delle più piccole tribù d’Israele? La mia famiglia non è essa la più piccola fra tutte le famiglie della tribù di Beniamino? Perché dunque mi parli a questo modo?"

22 Samuele prese Saul e il suo servo, li introdusse nella sala e li fe’ sedere in capo di tavola fra i convitati, ch’eran circa trenta persone.

23 E Samuele disse al cuoco: "Porta qua la porzione che t’ho data, e della quale t’ho detto: Tienla in serbo presso di te".

24 Il cuoco allora prese la coscia e ciò che v’aderiva, e la mise davanti a Saul. E Samuele disse: "Ecco ciò ch’è stato tenuto in serbo; mettitelo dinanzi e mangia, poiché è stato serbato apposta per te quand’ho invitato il popolo". Così Saul, quel giorno, mangiò con Samuele.

25 Poi scesero dall’alto luogo in città, e Samuele s’intrattenne con Saul sul terrazzo.

26 L’indomani si alzarono presto; allo spuntar dell’alba, Samuele chiamò Saul sul terrazzo, e gli disse: "Vieni, ch’io ti lasci partire". Saul s’alzò, e uscirono fuori ambedue, egli e Samuele.

27 Quando furon discesi all’estremità della città, Samuele disse a Saul: "Di’ al servo che passi, e vada innanzi a noi (e il servo passò); ma tu adesso fermati, ed io ti farò udire la parola di Dio".

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 9      

In this chapter we are introduced to Saul, the son of Kish, from the tribe of Benjamin. He was outstandingly handsome, and a whole head taller than everyone else.

One day he was out searching for his father’s lost donkeys. It became a long journey, with no success. Saul was becoming more and more desperate, when his servant told him that nearby was a man of God, who might be able to show them the way. That man was Samuel. Saul made sure that he had a suitable offering to bring to Samuel, who was at that time called a seer, another name for a prophet.

On that day, Samuel was on his way to preside over a sacrifice. The Lord had told him that he would encounter the man who would be anointed commander of the people and save them from the Philistines. When he saw Saul, he immediately recognized him as this man. He invited Saul to the sacrifice, and told him that the donkeys Saul was searching for were safe. Saul ate with Samuel, who gave him the best of the meat offering. The next day Samuel asked Saul to wait a moment before leaving, and then Samuel delivered the Lord’s message.

Throughout the story, high places are mentioned. Samuel invites Saul to accompany him to a high place, and later to a rooftop. Swedenborg writes that this is representative of a king. Saul became king of the Israelites (see Spiritual Experiences 2472).

Another interesting aspect of the story is its mention of Saul’s attractive appearance. We as humans are often drawn to things which seem attractive to us. In each of us there are two parts: one part is external or sensual, and the other is internal or spiritual. We cannot fully understand the Lord when we are only thinking from the external part of ourselves. When this part of ourselves dominates, the Lord can seem distant. We need the spiritual part of us to be awake to develop a new relationship with God (see Heaven and Hell 85).

The idea of having a king, Saul, may have seemed attractive to the Israelites. But it may not have been the best idea for their relationship with God. In the previous chapter we learned that by transitioning from having a prophet to having a king, the Israelites prioritized one aspect of their relationship with God over another: faith over charity, or truth over goodness. In reality, we need both.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 2534, 4262, 7836, 9160, 9248, 10184

Cielo e inferno 76


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 661

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Významy biblických slov

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

valoroso
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

saul
Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

alto
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

cerca
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

vieni
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

onore
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

siclo
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

argento
'Money' relates to truth.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

dici
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bene
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

fanciulle
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.

acqua
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

presto
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

è venuto
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

mangiare
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

benedire
Il Signore è l'amore perfetto espresso come saggezza perfetta. Ci ha creati perché ci amasse, ci desse amore e saggezza, e potesse così unirsi a...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

samuele
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

un giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

domani
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

domattina
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

rispondendo
Rispondere" indica generalmente uno stato di ricettività spirituale. In definitiva questo significa essere ricettivi nei confronti del Signore, che cerca costantemente di riversare nei nostri...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

famiglia
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

trenta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tenuto
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

mangia
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

mangiò
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

alba
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

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