Josua 11

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1 Da aber Jabin, der König zu Hazor, solches hörete, sandte er zu Jobab, dem Könige zu Madon, und zum Könige zu Simron und zum Könige zu Achsaph

2 und zu den Königen, die gegen Mitternacht auf dem Gebirge und auf dem Gefilde gegen Mittag Cinnereth und in den Gründen und in Naphoth-Dor am Meer wohneten.

3 Die Kanaaniter gegen dem Morgen und Abend, die Amoriter, Hethiter, Pheresiter und Jebusiter auf dem Gebirge, dazu die Heviter unten am Berge Hermon, im Lande Mizpa.

4 Diese zogen aus mit all ihrem Heer, ein groß Volk, so viel als des Sandes am Meer, und sehr viele Rosse und Wagen.

5 Alle diese Könige versammelten sich und kamen und lagerten sich zuhauf an das Wasser Merom, zu streiten mit Israel.

6 Und der HERR sprach zu Josua: Fürchte dich nicht vor ihnen, denn morgen um diese Zeit will ich sie alle erschlagen geben vor den Kindern Israel; ihre Rosse sollst du verlähmen und ihre Wagen mit Feuer verbrennen.

7 Und Josua kam plötzlich über sie, und alles Kriegsvolk mit ihm, am Wasser Merom und überfielen sie.

8 Und der HERR gab sie in die Hände Israels; und schlugen sie und jagten sie bis gen großen Zidon und bis an die warmen Wasser und bis an die Breite zu Mizpe gegen dem Morgen; und schlugen sie, bis daß niemand unter ihnen überblieb.

9 Da tat ihnen Josua, wie der HERR ihm gesagt hatte, und verlähmte ihre Rosse und verbrannte ihre Wagen.

10 Und kehrete um zu derselben Zeit und gewann Hazor und schlug ihren König mit dem Schwert (denn Hazor war vorhin die Hauptstadt aller dieser Königreiche).

11 Und schlugen alle Seelen; die drinnen waren, mit der Schärfe des Schwerts und verbanneten sie; und ließ nichts überbleiben, das den Odem hatte; und verbrannte Hazor mit Feuer.

12 Dazu alle Städte dieser Könige gewann Josua mit ihren Königen; und schlug sie mit der Schärfe des Schwerts und verbannete sie, wie Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, geboten hatte.

13 Doch verbrannten die Kinder Israel keine Städte, die auf Hügeln stunden, sondern Hazor allein verbrannte Josua.

14 Und allen Raub dieser Städte und das Vieh teileten die Kinder Israel unter sich; aber alle Menschen schlugen sie mit der Schärfe des Schwerts, bis sie die vertilgeten, und ließen nichts überbleiben, das den Odem hatte.

15 Wie der HERR Mose, seinem Knechte, und Mose Josua geboten hatte, so tat Josua, daß nichts fehlete an allem, das der HERR Mose geboten hatte.

16 Also nahm Josua all dies Land ein auf dem Gebirge und alles, was gegen Mittag liegt, und alles Land Gosen und die Gründe und Felder und das Gebirge Israel mit seinen Gründen,

17 von dem Gebirge an, das das Land hinauf gen Seir scheidet, bis gen Baal-Gad, in der Breite des Berges Libanon, unten am Berge Hermon. Alle ihre Könige gewann er und schlug sie und tötete sie.

18 Er stritt aber eine lange Zeit mit diesen Königen.

19 Es war aber keine Stadt, die sich mit Frieden ergäbe den Kindern Israel, ausgenommen die Heviter, die zu Gibeon wohneten, sondern sie gewannen sie alle mit Streit

20 Und das geschah also von dem HERRN, daß ihr Herz verstockt würde, mit Streit zu begegnen den Kindern Israel, auf daß sie verbannet würden, und ihnen keine Gnade widerführe, sondern vertilget würden, wie der HERR Mose geboten hatte.

21 Zu der Zeit kam Josua und rottete aus die Enakim von dem Gebirge, von Hebron, von Debir, von Anab, von allem Gebirge Juda und von allem Gebirge Israel, und verbannete sie mit ihren Städten.

22 Und ließ keine Enakim überbleiben im Lande der Kinder Israel, ohne zu Gasa, zu Gath, zu Asdod, da blieben ihrer übrig.

23 Also nahm Josua alles Land ein, allerdinge wie der HERR zu Mose geredet hatte, und gab sie Israel zum Erbe, einem jeglichen Stamm sein Teil. Und das Land hörete auf zu kriegen.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

mitternacht
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

gefilde
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

heviter
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

unten
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

viel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

viele
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Morgen
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

erschlagen
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

schlug
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Seelen
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

lange
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

Erbe
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Map of the Northern Conquest of Canaan
Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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