Josua 12

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1 Dies sind die Könige des Landes, die die Kinder Israel schlugen, und nahmen ihr Land ein jenseit des Jordans gegen der Sonnen Aufgang, von dem Wasser bei Arnon an bis an den Berg Hermon und das ganze Gefilde gegen dem Morgen:

2 Sihon, der König der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon wohnete und herrschete von Aroer an, die am Ufer liegt des Wassers bei Arnon, und mitten im Wasser, und über das halbe Gilead bis an das Wasser Jabbok, der die Grenze ist der Kinder Ammon,

3 und über das Gefilde bis an das Meer Cinneroth gegen Morgen und bis an das Meer im Gefilde, nämlich das Salzmeer gegen Morgen, des Weges gen Beth-Jesimoth, und von Mittag unten an den Bächen des Gebirges Pisga.

4 Dazu die Grenze des Königs Og zu Basan, der noch von den Riesen übrig war und wohnete zu Astharoth und Edrei

5 und herrschete über den Berg Hermon, über Salcha und über ganz Basan bis an die Grenze Gesuri und Maachathi, und des halben Gilead, welches die Grenze war Sihons, des Königs zu Hesbon.

6 Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, und die Kinder Israel schlugen sie. Und Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, gab sie einzunehmen den Rubenitern, Gaditern und dem halben Stamm Manasse.

7 Dies sind die Könige des Landes, die Josua schlug und die Kinder Israel diesseit des Jordans gegen dem Abend, von Baal-Gad an auf der Breite des Berges Libanon bis an den Berg, der das Land hinauf gen Seir scheidet, und das Josua den Stämmen Israels einzunehmen gab, einem jeglichen sein Teil,

8 was auf den Gebirgen, Gründen, Gefilden, an Bächen, in der Wüste und gegen Mittag war: die Hethiter, Amoriter, Kanaaniter, Pheresiter, Heviter und Jebusiter.

9 Der König zu Jericho, der König zu Ai, die zur Seite an Bethel liegt,

10 der König zu Jerusalem, der König zu Hebron,

11 der König zu Jarmuth, der König zu Lachis,

12 der König zu Eglon, der König zu Geser,

13 der König zu Debir, der König zu Geder,

14 der König zu Horma, der König zu Arad,

15 der König zu Libna, der König zu Adullam,

16 der König zu Makeda, der König zu Bethel,

17 der König zu Tapuah, der König zu Hepher,

18 der König zu Aphek, der König zu Lasaron,

19 der König zu Madon, der König zu Hazor,

20 der König zu Simron-Meron, der König zu Achsaph,

21 der König zu Thaenach, der König zu Megiddo,

22 der König zu Kedes, der König zu Jakneam am Karmel,

23 der König zu Naphoth-Dor, der König der Heiden zu Gilgal,

24 der König zu Thirza. Das sind einunddreißig Könige.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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Významy biblických slov

Könige
Der menschliche Verstand besteht aus zwei Teilen, einem Willen und einem Verstand, einem Sitz der Lieben und Zuneigungen und einem Sitz der Weisheit und des...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jordans
Der Fluss Jordan trennt das Land Kanaan von den Ländern im Osten. Diese Trennung stellt die Teilung des menschlichen Geistes in einen inneren und einen...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

gefilde
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

König
Der menschliche Verstand besteht aus zwei Teilen, einem Willen und einem Verstand, einem Sitz der Lieben und Zuneigungen und einem Sitz der Weisheit und des...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

unten
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

königs
Der menschliche Verstand besteht aus zwei Teilen, einem Willen und einem Verstand, einem Sitz der Lieben und Zuneigungen und einem Sitz der Weisheit und des...

Riesen
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

josua
Josua wird erstmals in Exodus 17 erwähnt, wo ihm aufgetragen wird, Männer auszuwählen, die für die Kinder Israels gegen die Amalekiter in der Wüste kämpfen...

schlug
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mittag
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

heviter
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

bethel
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

heiden
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


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