Jona 4

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German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und es verdroß Jona sehr, und er wurde zornig.

2 Und er betete zu Jehova und sprach: Ach, Jehova! War das nicht mein Wort, als ich noch in meinem Lande war? Darum kam ich zuvor, indem ich nach Tarsis entfloh; denn ich wußte, daß du ein gnädiger und barmherziger Gott bist, langsam zum Zorn und groß an Güte, und der sich des Übels gereuen läßt.

3 Und nun, Jehova, nimm doch meine Seele von mir; denn es ist besser, daß ich sterbe, als daß ich lebe.

4 Und Jehova sprach: Ist es recht, daß du zürnest?

5 Und Jona ging aus der Stadt hinaus und setzte sich gegen Osten der Stadt. Und er machte sich daselbst eine Hütte; und er saß darunter im Schatten, bis er sähe, was mit der Stadt geschehen würde.

6 Und Jehova Gott bestellte einen Wunderbaum und ließ ihn über Jona emporwachsen, damit Schatten über seinem Haupte wäre, um ihn von seinem Mißmut zu befreien; und Jona freute sich über den Wunderbaum mit großer Freude. -

7 Aber Gott bestellte einen Wurm am folgenden Tage, beim Aufgang der Morgenröte; und dieser stach den Wunderbaum, daß er verdorrte.

8 Und es geschah, als die Sonne aufging, da bestellte Gott einen schwülen Ostwind; und die Sonne stach Jona aufs Haupt, daß er ermattet niedersank. Und er begehrte, daß seine Seele stürbe, und sprach: Es ist besser, daß ich sterbe, als daß ich lebe.

9 Und Gott sprach zu Jona: Ich es recht, daß du wegen des Wunderbaumes zürnest? Und er sprach: Mit Recht zürne ich bis zum Tode!

10 Und Jehova sprach: Du erbarmst dich des Wunderbaumes, um welchen du dich nicht gemüht und den du nicht großgezogen hast, der als Sohn einer Nacht entstand und als Sohn einer Nacht zu Grunde ging;

11 und ich sollte mich Ninives, der großen Stadt, nicht erbarmen, in welcher mehr als hundertundzwanzigtausend Menschen sind, die nicht zu unterscheiden wissen zwischen ihrer Rechten und ihrer Linken, und eine Menge Vieh?

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Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

By Joe David and Steve David

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 214

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10441

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 51

Wahre Christliche Religion 226

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

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Word/Phrase Explanations

'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

The gourd which God prepared to come up over the head of the prophet Jonah, in Jonah 4:6, signifies the evil and self-love of the...

freute sich
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

'A worm' denotes falsity of evil in the good derived from the proprium or selfhood. 'That dies not,' denotes infernal torment related to falsity. 'Worm'...

The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

Article | Ages 15 - 17

Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14