Mica 1

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1 Das Wort Jehovas, welches zu Micha, dem Moraschtiter, geschah in den Tagen Jothams, Ahas' und Hiskias, der Könige von Juda, das er schaute über Samaria und Jerusalem.

2 Höret, ihr Völker alle, merke auf, du Erde und ihre Fülle! Und der Herr, Jehova, sei zum Zeugen wider euch, der Herr aus seinem heiligen Palast!

3 Denn siehe, Jehova geht aus von seiner Stätte und kommt herab und schreitet einher auf den Höhen der Erde.

4 Und die Berge zerschmelzen unter ihm, und die Täler spalten sich wie das Wachs vor dem Feuer, wie Wasser, ausgegossen am Abhange.

5 Das alles wegen der Übertretung Jakobs und wegen der Sünden des Hauses Israel. Von wem geht die Übertretung Jakobs aus? Ist es nicht Samaria? Und von wem die Höhen Judas? Ist es nicht Jerusalem?

6 So werde ich Samaria zu einem Steinhaufen des Feldes, zu Weinbergpflanzungen machen, und ich werde ihre Steine ins Tal hinabstürzen und ihre Grundfesten entblößen.

7 Und alle ihre gegossenen Bilder werden zerschlagen und alle ihre Hurengeschenke mit Feuer verbrannt werden, und ich werde alle ihre Götzenbilder zur Wüste machen; denn sie hat sie durch Hurenlohn gesammelt, und zum Hurenlohn sollen sie wieder werden.

8 Darum will ich klagen und heulen, will entblößt und nackt einhergehen; ich will eine Wehklage halten gleich den Schakalen, und eine Trauer gleich den Straußen.

9 Denn ihre Schläge sind tödlich; denn es kommt bis Juda, es reicht bis an das Tor meines Volkes, bis an Jerusalem.

10 Berichtet es nicht in Gath, weinet nur nicht! Zu Beth-Leaphra wälze ich mich im Staube.

11 Ziehe hin, Bewohnerin von Schaphir, in schimpflicher Blöße; die Bewohnerin von Zaanan ist nicht ausgezogen; die Wehklage Beth-Ezels wird dessen Rastort von euch wegnehmen.

12 Denn die Bewohnerin von Maroth zittert wegen ihrer Habe; denn von seiten Jehovas ist Unglück zum Tore Jerusalems herabgekommen.

13 Spanne die Renner an den Wagen, Bewohnerin von Lachis! Der Anfang der Sünde war es für die Tochter Zion; denn in dir sind die Übertretungen Israels gefunden worden.

14 Darum wirst du Morescheth-Gath ein Entlassungsgeschenk geben. Die Häuser von Aksib werden zu einem trügerischen Bache für die Könige von Israel.

15 Noch werde ich den Besitznehmer dir bringen, Bewohnerin von Marescha. Bis Adullam werden kommen die Edlen von Israel.

16 Mache dich kahl und schere dich um der Kinder deiner Wonne willen, mache deine Glatze breit wie die des Geiers; denn sie sind von dir hinweggeführt.


Exploring the Meaning of Mica 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Enthüllte Offenbarung 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

Lebenslehre 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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Významy biblických slov

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zeugen
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

Berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

unter
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

Täler
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Übertretung
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

jakobs
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Sünden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

judas
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Steine
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

bilder
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

machen
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

heulen
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

nackt
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Tor
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

blöße
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

Tore
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

jerusalems
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Anfang
Im Wort "Anfang" ist nicht nur der Anfang von etwas in der Zeit gemeint. Im inneren Sinn bedeutet es die Anfangsphase eines geistigen Zustandes. Spirituell...

Sünde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Übertretungen
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gefunden
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Häuser
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

bringen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

kahl
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


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