Michée 1

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1 La parole de l'Eternel qui fut [adressée] à Michée Morasite au temps de Jotham, Achaz, et Ezéchias, Rois de Juda, laquelle lui [fut adressée] dans une vision, contre Samarie et Jérusalem.

2 Vous tous peuples, écoutez; et toi terre, sois attentive, et que tout ce qui est en elle [écoute]; et que le Seigneur l'Eternel soit témoin contre vous, le Seigneur, [dis-je, sortant] du palais de sa sainteté.

3 Car voici, l'Eternel s'en va sortir de son lieu, il descendra, et marchera sur les lieux hauts de la terre;

4 Et les montagnes se fondront sous lui, et les vallées se fendront, elles seront comme de la cire devant le feu, et comme des eaux qui coulent en une descente.

5 Tout ceci arrivera à cause du crime de Jacob, et à cause des péchés de la maison d'Israël. [Or] quel est le crime de Jacob? N'est-ce pas Samarie? Et quels sont les hauts lieux de Juda? N'est-ce pas Jérusalem?

6 C'est pourquoi je réduirai Samarie [comme] en un monceau de pierres [ramassées] dans les champs [où l'on veut planter des vignes]; et je ferai rouler ses pierres dans la vallée, et je découvrirai ses fondements.

7 Et toutes ses images taillées seront brisées, tous les salaires de sa prostitution seront brûlés au feu, et je mettrai tous ses faux dieux en désolation; parce qu'elle les a entassés par le moyen du salaire de sa prostitution, ils serviront de salaire à une prostituée.

8 C'est pourquoi je me plaindrai, et je hurlerai; je m'en irai dépouillé et nu; je ferai une lamentation comme celle des dragons, et je mènerai un deuil comme celui des chats-huants.

9 Car il n'y a pas une de ses plaies qui ne soit incurable, chacune d'elles est venue jusqu'en Juda, et [l'ennemi] est parvenu jusqu'à la porte de mon peuple, jusqu'à Jérusalem.

10 Ne l'annoncez point dans Gath, ne pleurez nullement; vautre-toi sur la poussière dans la maison d'Haphra.

11 Habitante de Saphir passe, ayant ta nudité toute découverte; l'habitante de Tsaanan n'est point sortie pour la complainte de la maison d'Esel; on apprendra de vous à se tenir dans la maison.

12 Car l'habitante de Maroth aura été dans l'angoisse pour [son] bien; parce que le mal est descendu de par l'Eternel sur la porte de Jérusalem.

13 Attelle le cheval au chariot, habitante de Lakis, [toi qui] es le commencement du péché de la fille de Sion ; car en toi ont été trouvés les crimes d'Israël.

14 C'est pourquoi donne des présents à cause de Moreseth de Gath; les maisons d'Aczib mentiront aux Rois d'Israël.

15 Je te ferai aussi venir un héritier, habitante de Maresa; et la gloire d'Israël viendra jusqu'à Hadullam.

16 Arrache tes cheveux, et te fais tondre à cause de tes fils qui font tes délices; arrache tout le poil de ton corps comme un aigle [qui mue], car ils sont emmenés prisonniers [loin] de toi.


Exploring the Meaning of Michée 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 35

La Doctrine de Vie pour la Nouvelle Jerusalem 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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l'eternel
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rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Samarie
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

écoute
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

témoin
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

Palais
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

saintetÉ
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

descendra
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

les montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

sous
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

les vallées
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

vallées
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

eaux
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Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

péchés
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Maison
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d'Israël
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Israël
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champs
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vignes
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Images
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

Prostituée
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

dépouillé
As in Micah 1:8, 'to be stripped' signifies being without goods, and 'to be naked' signifies being without truths.

nu
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

poussière
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nudité
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

Bien
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mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

descendu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

commencement
Dans le Monde, "commencement" ne signifie pas seulement le début de quelque chose dans le temps. Au sens intérieur, cela signifie la phase initiale d'un...

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

crimes
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Héritier
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Fils
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Aigle
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.


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