Jonas 4

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 Mais cela déplut à Jonas, il lui déplut extrêmement, et il en fut en colère.

2 C'est pourquoi il fit [cette] requête à l'Eternel, et dit : Ô Eternel! je te prie, n'est-ce pas ici ce que je disais, quand j'étais encore en mon pays? C'est pourquoi j'avais voulu m'enfuir en Tarsis; car je connaissais que tu es un [Dieu] Fort, miséricordieux, pitoyable, tardif à colère, abondant en gratuité, et qui te repens du mal [dont tu as menacé].

3 Maintenant donc, ô Eternel! ôte-moi, je te prie, la vie; car la mort m'est meilleure que la vie.

4 Et l'Eternel dit : Est-ce bien fait à toi de t'être [ainsi] mis en colère?

5 Et Jonas sortit de la ville, et s'assit du côté de l'Orient de la ville, et se fit là une cabane, et se tint à l'ombre sous elle, jusqu'à ce qu'il vît ce qui arriverait à la ville.

6 Et l'Eternel Dieu prépara un kikajon, et le fit croître au-dessus de Jonas, afin qu'il lui fît ombre sur sa tête, et qu'il le délivrât de son mal; et Jonas se réjouit extrêmement du kikajon.

7 Puis Dieu prépara pour le lendemain, lorsque l'aube du jour monterait, un ver qui frappa le kikajon, et il sécha.

8 Et il arriva que quand le soleil fut levé Dieu prépara un vent Oriental qu'on n'apercevait point, et le soleil frappa sur la tête de Jonas, en sorte que s'évanouissant il demanda de mourir, et il dit : La mort m'est meilleure que la vie.

9 Et Dieu dit à Jonas : Est-ce bien fait à toi de t'être ainsi dépité au sujet de ce kikajon? Et il répondit : C'est bien fait à moi que je me sois ainsi dépité, [même] jusqu'à la mort.

10 Et l'Eternel dit : [Tu voudrais] qu'on eût épargné le kikajon, pour lequel tu n'as point travaillé, et que tu n'as point fait croître; car il est venu en une nuit, et en une nuit il est péri;

11 Et moi, n'épargnerais-je point Ninive, cette grande ville, dans laquelle il y a plus de six vingt mille créatures humaines qui ne savent point [discerner] entre leur main droite et leur main gauche, et où il y a aussi une grande quantité de bêtes.



Exploring the Meaning of Jonas 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 214


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10441

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 51

True Christian Religion 226


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Biblická studia:  (see all)



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 4:6, 41:6

1 Rois 19:4, 21:4

Emploi 7:2, 15, 16

Psaumes 86:15, 145:9

Ecclésiaste 7:9

Osée 13:15

Jonas 1:2, 3:9

Matthieu 2:10, 20:15

Luc 15:28

Významy biblických slov

Jonas
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

enfuir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

miséricordieux
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

abondant
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

la vie
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

ombre
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

sous
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

se réjouit
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

réjouit
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

ver
'A worm' denotes falsity of evil in the good derived from the proprium or selfhood. 'That dies not,' denotes infernal torment related to falsity. 'Worm'...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

levé
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Ninive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: