Genèse 42

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Et Jacob voyant qu'il y avait du blé à vendre en Egypte, dit à ses fils : Pourquoi vous regardez-vous les uns les autres?

2 Il leur dit aussi : Voici, j'ai appris qu'il y a du blé à vendre en Egypte, descendez-y, et nous en achetez, afin que nous vivions, et que nous ne mourions point.

3 Alors dix frères de Joseph descendirent pour acheter du blé en Egypte.

4 Mais Jacob n'envoya point Benjamin frère de Joseph, avec ses frères; car il disait : Il faut prendre garde que quelque accident mortel ne lui arrive.

5 Ainsi les fils d'Israël allèrent [en Egypte] pour acheter du blé, avec ceux qui y allaient; car la famine était au pays de Canaan.

6 Or Joseph commandait dans le pays, et il faisait vendre le blé à tous les peuples de la terre. Les frères donc de Joseph vinrent, et se prosternèrent devant lui la face en terre.

7 Et Joseph ayant vu ses frères, les reconnut; mais il contrefit l'étranger avec eux, et il leur parla rudement, en leur disant : D'où venez-vous? Et ils répondirent : Du pays de Canaan, pour acheter des vivres.

8 Joseph donc reconnut ses frères; mais eux ne le connurent point.

9 Alors Joseph se souvint des songes qu'il avait songés d'eux, et leur dit : Vous [êtes] des espions, vous êtes venus pour remarquer les lieux faibles du pays.

10 Et ils lui [répon]dirent : Non, mon Seigneur, mais tes serviteurs sont venus pour acheter des vivres.

11 Nous sommes tous enfants d'un même homme, nous sommes gens de bien; tes serviteurs ne sont point des espions.

12 Et il leur dit : Cela n'est pas; mais vous êtes venus pour remarquer les lieux faibles du pays.

13 Et ils répondirent : Nous étions douze frères tes serviteurs, enfants d'un même homme, au pays de Canaan, dont le plus petit est aujourd'hui avec notre père, et l'un n'est plus.

14 Et Joseph leur dit : C'est ce que je vous disais, que vous êtes des espions.

15 Vous serez éprouvés par ce moyen : Vive Pharaon, si vous sortez d'ici, que votre jeune frère ne soit venu ici.

16 Envoyez-en un d'entre vous qui amène votre frère; mais vous serez prisonniers, et j'éprouverai si vous avez dit la vérité; autrement, vive Pharaon, vous êtes des espions.

17 Et il les fit mettre tous ensemble en prison pour trois jours.

18 Et au troisième jour Joseph leur dit : Faites ceci, et vous vivrez; je crains Dieu.

19 Si vous êtes gens de bien, que l'un de vous qui êtes frères, soit lié dans la prison où vous avez été renfermés, et allez-vous-en, [et] emportez du blé pour pourvoir à la disette de vos familles.

20 Puis amenez-moi votre jeune frère et vos paroles se trouveront véritables; et vous ne mourrez point; et ils firent ainsi.

21 Et ils se disaient l'un à l'autre : Vraiment nous sommes coupables à l'égard de notre frère; car nous avons vu l'angoisse de son âme quand il nous demandait grâce, et nous ne l'avons point exaucé; c'est pour cela que cette angoisse nous est arrivée.

22 Et Ruben leur répondit, en disant : Ne vous disais-je pas bien, ne commettez point ce péché contre l'enfant? Et vous ne m'écoutâtes point; c'est pourquoi, voici, son sang vous est redemandé.

23 Et ils ne savaient pas que Joseph les entendît; parce qu'il leur parlait par un truchement.

24 Et il se détourna d'auprès d'eux pour pleurer. Puis étant retourné vers eux, il leur parla [encore], et fit prendre d'entr'eux Siméon, et le fit lier devant leurs yeux.

25 Et Joseph commanda qu'on remplît leurs sacs de blé, et qu'on remît l'argent dans le sac de chacun d'eux, et qu'on leur donnât de la provision pour leur chemin; et cela fut fait ainsi.

26 Ils chargèrent donc leur blé sur leurs ânes, et s'en allèrent.

27 Et l'un d'eux ouvrit son sac pour donner à manger à son âne dans l'hôtellerie; et il vit son argent, et voilà il était à l'ouverture de son sac.

28 Et il dit à ses frères : Mon argent m'a été rendu; et en effet, le voici dans mon sac. Et le cœur leur tressaillit, et ils furent saisis de peur, et se dirent l'un à l'autre : Qu'est-ce que Dieu nous a fait?

29 Et étant arrivés au pays de Canaan, vers Jacob leur père, ils lui racontèrent toutes les choses qui leur étaient arrivées, en disant :

30 L'homme qui commande dans le pays, nous a parlé rudement, et nous a pris pour des espions du pays.

31 Mais nous lui ayons répondu : Nous sommes gens de bien, nous ne sommes point des espions.

32 Nous étions douze frères, enfants de notre père; l'un n'est plus, et le plus jeune est aujourd'hui avec notre père au pays de Canaan.

33 Et cet homme, qui commande dans le pays, nous a dit : Je connaîtrai à ceci que vous êtes gens de bien; laissez-moi l'un de vos frères, et prenez [du blé] pour vos familles [contre] la famine, et vous en allez.

34 Puis amenez-moi votre jeune frère, et je connaîtrai que vous n'êtes point des espions, mais des gens de bien; je vous rendrai votre frère, et vous trafiquerez au pays.

35 Et il arriva que comme ils vidaient leurs sacs, voici, le paquet de l'argent de chacun était dans son sac; et ils virent eux et leur père, les paquets de leur argent, et ils furent tout effrayés.

36 Alors Jacob leur père leur dit : Vous m'ayez privé d'enfants : Joseph n'est plus, et Siméon n'est plus, et vous prendriez Benjamin! Toutes ces choses sont entre moi.

37 Et Ruben parla à son père, et lui dit : Fais mourir deux de mes fils, si je ne te le ramène; donne-le moi en charge; et je te le ramènerai.

38 Et il répondit : Mon fils ne descendra point avec vous, car son frère est mort, et celui-ci est resté seul, et quelque accident mortel lui arriverait dans le chemin par où vous irez, et vous feriez descendre mes cheveux blancs avec douleur au sépulcre.

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Regardez
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Blé
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

vinrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

souvint
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

songes
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

des espions
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

Seigneur
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

le plus petit
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Pharaon
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vérité
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

lié
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

mourrez
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

l'enfant
A boy (Gen. 18:7) signifies the natural man, and consequently, him who ministers and administers. Boy (Gen. 22:3) signifies the Lord's former rational principle merely...

sang
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

Siméon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

lier
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

remplît
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

Sac
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

sacs
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

l'argent
'Money' relates to truth.

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

âne
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

ouverture
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

a parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

le plus jeune
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

plus jeune
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

connaîtrai
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Paquet
A bundle (Gen. 42:3) signifies orderly arrangement, because the truths ap­pertaining to man are disposed and arranged into series: those which are in the greatest...

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

descendra
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Douleur
'The woman condemned to 'bring forth sons in sorrow' denotes the anxieties and combats in the production of truths.

sépulcre
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

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 Dramatize the Story of Joseph Receiving His Brothers
Retell the story or read selected portions from the Word as the children dramatize the story of the brothers going to Egypt and being reunited with Joseph. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Food for the Soul
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Good and Bad Times
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out the story of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a sack and show that it has both grain and money in it, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out a script of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a Lord's Prayer book (video demonstration), scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between appearance and reality, read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between civil, moral and spiritual judgments in "You Are Spies!", read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 Sacks of Grain from Egypt
This project involves either letting the children make small sacks out of felt or making the sacks ahead of time and then using them to dramatize the story.
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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