Deutéronome 25

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1 Quand il y aura eu un différend entre quelques-uns, et qu'ils viendront en jugement afin qu'on les juge, on justifiera le juste, et on condamnera le méchant.

2 Si le méchant a mérité d'être battu, le juge le fera jeter par terre, et battre devant soi par un certain nombre de coups, selon l'exigence de son crime.

3 Il le fera donc battre de quarante coups, et non de davantage, de peur que s'il continue à le battre au delà de ces coups, la plaie ne soit excessive, et que ton frère ne soit traité trop indignement devant tes yeux.

4 Tu n'emmuselleras point ton bœuf, lorsqu'il foule le grain.

5 Quand il y aura des frères demeurant ensemble, et que l'un d'entr'eux viendra à mourir sans enfants, alors la femme du mort ne se mariera point dehors à un étranger; mais son beau-frère viendra vers elle, et la prendra pour femme, et l'épousera comme étant son beau-frère.

6 Et le premier-né qu'elle enfantera succédera en la place du frère mort, et portera son nom, afin que son nom ne soit point effacé d'Israël.

7 Que s'il ne plaît pas à cet homme-là de prendre sa belle-sœur, alors sa belle-sœur montera à la porte vers les Anciens, et dira : Mon beau-frère refuse de relever le nom de son frère en Israël, et ne veut point m'épouser par droit de beau-frère.

8 Alors les Anciens de sa ville l'appelleront, et lui parleront; et s'il demeure ferme, et qu'il dise : Je ne veux point la prendre;

9 Alors sa belle-sœur s'approchera de lui devant les Anciens, et lui ôtera son soulier du pied, et lui crachera au visage, et prenant la parole, elle dira : C'est ainsi qu'on fera à l'homme qui n'édifiera point la maison de son frère.

10 Et son nom sera appelé en Israël, la maison de celui à qui on a déchaussé le soulier.

11 Quand quelques-uns auront querelle ensemble l'un contre l'autre, si la femme de l'un s'approche pour délivrer son mari de celui qui le bat, et qu'avançant sa main elle l'empoigne par ses parties honteuses;

12 Alors tu lui couperas la main; et ton œil ne l'épargnera point.

13 Tu n'auras point en ton sachet deux sortes de pierres [à peser], une grande et une petite.

14 Il n'y aura point aussi dans ta maison deux sortes d'Epha, un grand et un petit;

15 Mais tu auras les pierres [à peser] exactes et justes; tu auras aussi un Epha exact et juste, afin que tes jours soient prolongés sur la terre que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne.

16 Car quiconque fait ces choses-là, quiconque mit une injustice, est en abomination à l'Eternel ton Dieu.

17 Qu'il te souvienne de ce qu'Hamalec t'a fait en chemin, quand vous sortiez d'Egypte;

18 Comment il est venu te rencontrer en chemin, [et] a chargé en queue tous les faibles qui te suivaient, quand tu étais las et harassé, et n'a point eu de crainte de Dieu.

19 Quand donc l'Eternel ton Dieu t'aura donné du repos de tous tes ennemis tout à l'entour, dans le pays que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne en héritage pour le posséder, alors tu effaceras la mémoire d'Hamalec de dessous les cieux; ne l'oublie point.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 25      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. The perception of right to be rigidly followed in choosing the right and rejecting the evil path, and erring faculties in the soul will be abased, but not more than is necessary for amendment.

Verse 4. External goods are themselves recruited by ministering to others which are more interior.

Verses 5-10. The good formerly done from external motives to be adopted and refined by spiritual motives, and that which exists only in thought, and persistently refuses to flow forth into act, to be rejected as useless.

Verses 11-12. The inclinations of the proprium are not to be allowed to avert the decisions of the spiritual mind in deciding between good and evil, and truth and falsity.

Verses 13-16, The principles and rules of right and wrong must not be altered as worldly ends dictate, but what is believed to be right must be followed, or the heavenly life will be rejected.

Verses 17-19. The evil which those principles which compromise with evil bring upon the soul must be ever borne in mind, and as the soul obtains rest from its enemies such principles must be utterly destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 488, 1679, 1748, 4818, 4835, 4839, 8593, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 304, 373, 629, 633, 746

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Významy biblických slov

Jugement
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

justifiera
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Juste
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Méchant
'The wicked' or 'unrighteous' denotes being not in truth of faith.

jeter
For something to “fail” in the Bible means there is not enough understanding of truth and desire for good for someone to attain a higher...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Frère
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

premier-né
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme-là
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

s'approchera
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

Pied
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

appelé
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

œil
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

justes
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

prolongés
'To be prolonged' relates to good.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

entour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Cieux
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

l'oublie
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

oublie
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.


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