Deutéronome 24

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Bible Martin (1744)         

← Deutéronome 23   Deutéronome 25 →

1 Quand quelqu'un aura pris une femme, et se sera marié avec elle, s'il arrive qu'elle ne trouve pas grâce devant ses yeux, à cause qu'il aura trouvé en elle quelque chose de malhonnête, il lui donnera par écrit la lettre de divorce, et la lui ayant mise entre les mains, il la renverra hors de sa maison.

2 Et quand elle sera sortie de sa maison, et que s'en étant allée, elle se sera mariée à un autre mari;

3 Si ce dernier mari la prend en haine, et lui donne par écrit la lettre de divorce, et la lui met en main, et la renvoie de sa maison, ou que ce dernier mari qui l'avait prise pour [sa] femme, meure;

4 Alors son premier mari qui l'avait renvoyée, ne pourra pas la reprendre pour [sa] femme, après avoir été [cause] qu'elle s'est souillée; car c'est une abomination devant l'Eternel; ainsi tu ne chargeras point de péché le pays que l'Eternel ton Dieu te donne en héritage.

5 Quand quelqu'un se sera nouvellement marié, il n'ira point à la guerre, et on ne lui imposera aucune charge; mais il en sera exempt dans sa maison pendant un an, et sera en joie à la femme qu'il aura prise.

6 On ne prendra point pour gage les deux meules, non pas même la meule de dessus, parce qu'on prendrait pour gage la vie [de son prochain].

7 Quand on trouvera quelqu'un qui aura commis un larcin de la personne de quelqu'un de ses frères des enfants d'Israël, et qui en aura fait trafic, et l'aura vendu; ce larron-là mourra, et tu ôteras le mal du milieu de toi.

8 Prends garde à la plaie de la lèpre, afin que tu gardes soigneusement et fasses tout ce que les Sacrificateurs qui sont de la race de Lévi, vous enseigneront; vous prendrez garde à faire selon ce que je leur ai commandé..

9 Qu'il te souvienne de ce que l'Eternel ton Dieu fit à Marie, en chemin après que vous fûtes sortis d'Egypte.

10 Quand tu auras droit d'exiger de ton prochain quelque chose qui te sera dû, tu n'entreras point dans sa maison pour prendre son gage;

11 Mais tu te tiendras dehors, et l'homme duquel tu exiges la dette, t'apportera le gage dehors.

12 Et si l'homme est pauvre, tu ne te coucheras point ayant encore son gage;

13 Mais tu ne manqueras point de lui rendre le gage dès que le soleil sera couché, afin qu'il couche dans son vêtement, et qu'il te bénisse; et cela te sera imputé à justice devant l'Eternel ton Dieu.

14 Tu ne feras point de tort au mercenaire pauvre et indigent d'entre tes frères, ou d'entre les étrangers qui demeurent en ton pays, dans quelqu'une de tes demeures.

15 Tu lui donneras son salaire le jour même [qu'il aura travaillé], avant que le soleil se couche, car il est pauvre, et c'est à quoi son âme s'attend; afin qu'il ne crie point contre toi à l'Eternel, et que tu ne pèches point [en cela].

16 On ne fera point mourir les pères pour les enfants; on ne fera point aussi mourir les enfants pour les pères; mais on fera mourir chacun pour son péché.

17 Tu ne feras point d'injustice à l'étranger ni à l'orphelin, et tu ne prendras point pour gage le vêtement de la veuve.

18 Et il te souviendra que tu as été esclave en Egypte; et que l'Eternel ton Dieu t'a racheté de là; c'est pourquoi je te commande de faire ces choses.

19 Quand tu feras ta moisson dans ton champ, et que tu auras oublié dans ton champ quelque poignée d'épis, tu n'y retourneras point pour la prendre; [mais cela] sera pour l'étranger, pour l'orphelin, et pour la veuve; afin que l'Eternel ton Dieu te bénisse en toutes les œuvres de tes mains.

20 Quand tu battras tes oliviers, tu n'y retourneras point pour rechercher branche après branche; [mais ce qui sera demeuré] sera pour l'étranger, pour l'orphelin, et pour la veuve.

21 Quand tu vendangeras ta vigne, tu ne grappilleras point les raisins qui seront demeurés après toi; mais cela sera pour l'étranger, pour l'orphelin, et pour la veuve.

22 Et il te souviendra que tu as été esclave au pays d'Egypte; c'est pourquoi je te commande de faire ces choses.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 24      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. When the things loved do not accord with the things believed to be right in the soul, it is in a state analogous to divorce, and the things so loved by the external man and believed to be wrong must not be conjoined to the interior will.

Verse 5. When the understanding of truths is conjoined to its corresponding affection, a state of peace ensues.

Verse 6. No one is to be deprived of the truths of doctrine they live by.

Verse 7. Anything that perverts spiritual goods and truths to worldly uses is to be destroyed.

Verses 8-9. Caution against the danger of profanation.

Verses 10-13. In imparting truths the endeavour should be made to enable others to see from themselves, and not to force upon them one's own view.

Verses 14-15. Those who do good from inferior motives are not to be deprived of them.

Verse 16. Evil does not condemn till it is made a man's own by consent of the will and of the understanding.

Verses 17-18. External things are not to be despised, for the whole soul was in externals till redeemed thence by the Lord.

Verses 19-22. The soul must not return from states of good to the states of truth by which the former were gained, and which are for those still striving to reach them; a state of truth is one of bondage compared to a state of good.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1093, 2788, 2959, 3693, 3703, 4335, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 794

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 51

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 226, 521


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 238, 328, 532, 695, 746, 750, 919, ...

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Významy biblických slov

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

écrit
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

haine
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

joie
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vendu
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Lèpre
'Leprosy' represents unclean false principles grounded in profane things. 'Leprosy' signifies the falsification of truth and good in the Word, also the Jewish profanation of...

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Marie
'Miriam,' as in Exodus 15:20, signifies the good of faith.

Egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

entreras
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Pauvre
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

Rendre
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

mercenaire
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

étrangers
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

salaire
'Hire,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:33, referring to the Lord, signifies His proprium, that is, what was acquired from His own proper ability.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

les pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Étranger
'A sojourner' or 'stranger,' as in Matthew 25:32, signifies someone who is willing to be instructed.

l'orphelin
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

Orphelin
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

Vêtement
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

racheté
In Exodus 30:12, 'they shall give every a person a ransom for his soul,' signifies being purified or liberated from evil by the truth of...

commande
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

oublié
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

retourneras
Il existe de nombreux exemples dans la Bible qui décrivent des personnes qui se retournent, regardent en arrière ou font marche arrière. Dans la plupart...

œuvres
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

Vigne
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

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