Rechters 19

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1 Het geschiedde ook in die dagen, als er geen koning was in Israel, dat er een Levietisch man was, verkerende als vreemdeling aan de zijden van het gebergte van Efraim, die zich een vrouw, een bijwijf, nam van Bethlehem-Juda.

2 Maar zijn bijwijf hoereerde, bij hem zijnde, en toog van hem weg naar haars vaders huis, tot Bethlehem-Juda; en zij was aldaar enige dagen, te weten vier maanden.

3 En haar man maakte zich op, en toog haar na, om naar haar hart te spreken, om haar weder te halen; en zijn jongen was bij hem, en een paar ezels. En zij bracht hem in het huis haars vaders. En als de vader van de jonge vrouw hem zag, werd hij vrolijk over zijn ontmoeting.

4 En zijn schoonvader, de vader van de jonge vrouw, behield hem, dat hij drie dagen bij hem bleef; en zij aten en dronken, en vernachtten aldaar.

5 Op den vierden dag nu geschiedde het, dat zij des morgens vroeg op waren, en hij opstond om weg te trekken; toen zeide de vader van de jonge dochter tot zijn schoonzoon: Sterk uw hart met een bete broods, en daarna zult gijlieden wegtrekken.

6 Zo zaten zij neder, en zij beiden aten te zamen, en dronken. Toen zeide de vader van de jonge vrouw tot den man: Bewillig toch en vernacht, en laat uw hart vrolijk zijn.

7 Maar de man stond op, om weg te trekken. Toen drong hem zijn schoonvader, dat hij aldaar wederom vernachtte.

8 Als hij op den vijfden dag des morgens vroeg op was, om weg te trekken, zo zeide de vader van de jonge vrouw: Sterk toch uw hart. En zij vertoefden, totdat de dag zich neigde; en zij beiden aten te zamen.

9 Toen maakte de man zich op, om weg te trekken, hij, en zijn bijwijf, en zijn jongen; en zijn schoonvader, de vader van de jonge vrouw, zeide: Zie toch, de dag heeft afgenomen, dat het avond zal worden, vernacht toch; zie, de dag legert zich, vernacht hier, en laat uw hart vrolijk zijn, en maak u morgen vroeg op uws weegs, en ga naar uw tent.

10 Doch de man wilde niet vernachten, maar stond op, en trok weg, en kwam tot tegenover Jebus (dewelke is Jeruzalem), en met hem het paar gezadelde ezelen; ook was zijn bijwijf met hem.

11 Als zij nu bij Jebus waren, zo was de dag zeer gedaald; en de jongen zeide tot zijn heer: Trek toch voort, en laat ons in deze stad der Jebusieten wijken, en daarin vernachten.

12 Maar zijn heer zeide tot hem: Wij zullen herwaarts niet wijken tot een vreemde stad, die niet is van de kinderen Israels; maar wij zullen voorttrekken tot Gibea toe.

13 Voorts zeide hij tot zijn jongen: Ga voort, dat wij tot een van die plaatsen naderen, en te Gibea of te Rama vernachten.

14 Alzo togen zij voort, en wandelden; en de zon ging hun onder bij Gibea, dewelke Benjamins is;

15 En zij weken daarheen, dat zij inkwamen, om in Gibea te vernachten. Toen hij nu inkwam, zat hij neder in een straat der stad, want er was niemand, die hen in huis nam, om te vernachten.

16 En ziet, een oud man kwam van zijn werk van het veld in den avond, welke man ook was van het gebergte van Efraim, doch als vreemdeling verkeerde te Gibea; maar de lieden dezer plaats waren kinderen van Jemini.

17 Als hij nu zijn ogen ophief, zo zag hij die reizenden man op de straat der stad; en de oude man zeide: Waar trekt gij henen, en van waar komt gij?

18 En hij zeide tot hem: Wij trekken door van Bethlehem-Juda tot aan de zijden van het gebergte van Efraim, van waar ik ben; en ik was naar Bethlehem-Juda getogen, maar ik trek nu naar het huis des HEEREN; en er is niemand, die mij in huis neemt.

19 Daar toch onze ezelen zowel stro als voeder hebben, en ook brood en wijn is voor mij, en voor uw dienstmaagd, en voor de jongen, die bij uw knechten is; er is aan geen ding gebrek.

20 Toen zeide de oude man: Vrede zij u! al wat u ontbreekt, is toch bij mij; alleenlijk vernacht niet op de straat.

21 En hij bracht hem in zijn huis, en gaf aan de ezelen voeder; en hun voeten gewassen hebbende, zo aten en dronken zij.

22 Toen zij nu hun hart vrolijk maakten, ziet, zo omringden de mannen van die stad (mannen, die Belials kinderen waren) het huis, kloppende op de deur; en zij spraken tot den ouden man, den heer des huizes, zeggende: Breng den man, die in uw huis gekomen is, uit, opdat wij hem bekennen.

23 En de man, de heer des huizes, ging tot hen uit, en zeide tot hen: Niet, mijn broeders, doet toch zo kwalijk niet; naardien deze man in mijn huis gekomen is, zo doet zulke dwaasheid niet.

24 Ziet, mijn dochter die maagd is, en zijn bijwijf, die zal ik nu uitbrengen, dat gij die schendt, en haar doet, wat goed is in uw ogen; maar doet aan dezen man zulk een dwaas ding niet.

25 Maar de mannen wilden naar hem niet horen. Toen greep de man zijn bijwijf, en bracht haar uit tot hen daarbuiten; en zij bekenden haar, en waren met haar bezig den gansen nacht tot aan den morgen, en lieten haar gaan, als de dageraad oprees.

26 En deze vrouw kwam tegen het aanbreken van den morgenstond, en viel neder voor de deur van het huis des mans, waarin haar heer was, totdat het licht werd.

27 Als nu haar heer des morgens opstond en de deuren van het huis opendeed, en uitging om zijns weegs te gaan, ziet, zo lag de vrouw, zijn bijwijf, aan de deur van het huis, en haar handen op den dorpel.

28 En hij zeide tot haar: Sta op, en laat ons trekken; maar niemand antwoordde. Toen nam hij haar op den ezel, en de man maakte zich op, en toog naar zijn plaats.

29 Als hij nu in zijn huis kwam, zo nam hij een mes, en greep zijn bijwijf, en deelde haar met haar beenderen in twaalf stukken; en hij zond ze in alle landpalen van Israel.

30 En het geschiedde, dat al wie het zag, zeide: Zulks is niet geschied noch gezien, van dien dag af, dat de kinderen Israels uit Egypteland zijn opgetogen, tot op dezen dag; legt uw hart daarop, geeft raad en spreekt!

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 3148, 4592

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Významy biblických slov

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

zijden
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

vrouw
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Bethlehem-Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Bethlehem
Er is een sterke relatie tussen Efratha en Bethlehem in de Bijbel; het kunnen twee verschillende namen zijn voor dezelfde stad, of het is mogelijk...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

vaders
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huis
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vier
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maanden
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

na
Volgens Swedenborg bestaan tijd en ruimte niet in de spirituele werkelijkheid; het zijn puur natuurlijke dingen die alleen op het fysieke vlak bestaan. Dit betekent...

hart
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spreken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

jongen
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

ezels
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

zag
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drie
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aten
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dronken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

dag
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vroeg
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weg
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zeide
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stond op
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morgen
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

naar
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

tent
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kwam
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jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

heer
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ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

stad
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vreemde
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kinderen
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israels
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gibea
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een
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plaatsen
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rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

zon
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oud
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werk
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veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

avond
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plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Jemini
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

ogen
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komt
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heeren
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brood
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wijn
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dienstmaagd
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

gebrek
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

voeten
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

gewassen
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mannen
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deur
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Ouden
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broeders
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dochter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

maagd
A ‘virgin’ in the Word means those who are in the Lord’s kingdom. –Secrets of Heaven 3081...

goed
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

horen
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

dageraad
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

morgenstond
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

viel
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licht
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deuren
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

opendeed
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

handen
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sta op
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

antwoordde
Het "antwoord" geeft over het algemeen een staat van spirituele ontvankelijkheid aan. Uiteindelijk betekent dit ontvankelijk zijn voor de Heer, die voortdurend probeert ware ideeën...

ezel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

mes
'A knife' used for sacrifices denotes the truth of faith.

beenderen
Botten zijn sterk en ondersteunend, bieden een kader voor ons lichaam en maken beweging en actie mogelijk. Ze zijn ook het minst "levende" deel van...

gezien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

spreekt
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

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 Deborah and Barak Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the story of Deborah and Barak.
Activity | All Ages

 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


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