Rechters 18

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1 In die dagen was er geen koning in Israel; en in dezelve dagen zocht de stam der Danieten voor zich een erfenis om te wonen; want hun was tot op dien dag onder de stammen van Israel niet genoegzaam ter erfenis toegevallen.

2 Zo zonden de kinderen van Dan uit hun geslacht vijf mannen uit hun einden, mannen, die strijdbaar waren, van Zora en van Esthaol, om het land te verspieden, en dat te doorzoeken; en zij zeiden tot hen: Gaat, doorzoekt het land. En zij kwamen aan het gebergte van Efraim, tot aan het huis van Micha, en vernachtten aldaar.

3 Zijnde bij het huis van Micha, zo kenden zij de stem van den jongeling, den Leviet; en zij weken daarheen, en zeiden tot hem: Wie heeft u hier gebracht, en wat doet gij alhier, en wat hebt gij hier?

4 En hij zeide tot hen: Zo en zo heeft Micha mij gedaan; en hij heeft mij gehuurd, en ik ben hem tot een priester.

5 Toen zeiden zij tot hem: Vraag toch God, dat wij mogen weten, of onze weg, op welken wij wandelen, voorspoedig zal zijn.

6 En de priester zeide tot hen: Gaat in vrede; uw weg, welke gij zult heentrekken, is voor den HEERE.

7 Toen gingen die vijf mannen heen, en kwamen te Lais; en zij zagen het volk, hetwelk in derzelver midden was, zijnde gelegen in zekerheid, naar de wijze der Sidoniers, stil en zeker zijnde; en daar was geen erfheer, die iemand om enige zaak schande aandeed in dat land; ook waren zij verre van de Sidoniers, en hadden niets te doen met enigen mens.

8 En zij kwamen tot hun broederen te Zora en te Esthaol, en hun broeders zeiden tot hen: Wat zegt gijlieden?

9 En zij zeiden: Maakt u op, en laat ons tot hen optrekken; want wij hebben dat land bezien, en ziet, het is zeer goed; zoudt gij dan stil zijn? Weest niet lui om te trekken, dat gij henen inkomt, om dat land in erfelijke bezitting te nemen;

10 (Als gij daarhenen komt, zo zult gij komen tot een zorgeloos volk, en dat land is wijd van ruimte) want God heeft het in uw hand gegeven; een plaats, alwaar geen gebrek is van enig ding, dat op de aarde is.

11 Toen reisden van daar uit het geslacht der Danieten, van Zora en van Esthaol, zeshonderd man, aangegord met krijgswapenen.

12 En zij togen op, en legerden zich bij Kirjath-Jearim, in Juda; daarom noemden zij deze plaats, Machane-Dan, tot op dezen dag; ziet, het is achter Kirjath-Jearim.

13 En van daar togen zij door naar het gebergte van Efraim, en zij kwamen tot aan het huis van Micha.

14 Toen antwoordden de vijf mannen, die gegaan waren om het land van Lais te verspieden, en zeiden tot hun broederen: Weet gijlieden ook, dat in die huizen een efod is, en terafim, en een gesneden en een gegoten beeld? Zo Weet nu, wat u te doen zij.

15 Toen weken zij daarheen, en kwamen aan het huis van den jongeling, den Leviet, ten huize van Micha; en zij vraagden hem naar vrede.

16 En de zeshonderd mannen, die van de kinderen van Dan waren, met hun krijgswapenen aangegord, bleven staan aan de deur van de poort.

17 Maar de vijf mannen, die gegaan waren om het land te verspieden, gingen op, kwamen daarhenen in, en namen weg het gesneden beeld, en den efod, en de terafim, en het gegoten beeld; de priester nu bleef staan aan de deur van de poort, met de zeshonderd mannen, die met krijgswapenen aangegord waren.

18 Als die nu ten huize van Micha waren ingegaan, en het gesneden beeld, den efod, en de terafim, en het gegoten beeld weggenomen hadden, zo zeide de priester tot hen: Wat doet gijlieden?

19 En zij zeiden tot hem: Zwijg, leg uw hand op uw mond, en ga met ons, en wees ons tot een vader en tot een priester! Is het beter, dat gij een priester zijt voor het huis van een man, of dat gij een priester zijt voor een stam, en een geslacht in Israel?

20 Toen werd het hart van den priester vrolijk, en hij nam den efod, en de terafim, en het gesneden beeld, en hij kwam in het midden des volks.

21 Alzo keerden zij zich, en togen voort; en zij stelden de kinderkens, en het vee, en de bagage voor zich.

22 Als zij nu verre van Micha's huis gekomen waren, zo werden de mannen, zijnde in de huizen, die bij het huis van Micha waren, bijeengeroepen, en zij achterhaalden de kinderen van Dan.

23 En zij riepen de kinderen van Dan na; dewelke hun aangezichten omkeerden, en zeiden tot Micha: Wat is u, dat gij bijeengeroepen zijt?

24 Toen zeide hij: Gijlieden hebt mijn goden, die ik gemaakt had, weggenomen, mitsgaders den priester, en zijt weggegaan; wat heb ik nu meer? Wat is het dan, dat gij tot mij zegt: Wat is u?

25 Maar de kinderen van Dan zeiden tot hem: Laat uw stem bij ons niet horen, opdat niet misschien mannen, van bitteren gemoede, op u aanvallen, en gij uw leven verliest, en het leven van uw huis.

26 Alzo gingen de kinderen van Dan huns weegs; en Micha, ziende, dat zij sterker waren Dan hij, zo keerde hij om, en kwam weder tot zijn huis.

27 Zij dan namen wat Micha gemaakt had, en den priester, die hij gehad had, en kwamen te Lais, tot een stil en zeker volk, en sloegen hen met de scherpte des zwaards, en de stad verbrandden zij met vuur.

28 En er was niemand, die hen verloste; want zij was verre van Sidon, en zij hadden niets met enigen mens te doen; en zij lag in het dal, dat bij Beth-Rechob is. Daarna herbouwden zij de stad, en woonden daarin.

29 En zij noemden den naam der stad Dan, naar den naam huns vaders Dan, die aan Israel geboren was; hoewel de naam dezer stad te voren Lais was.

30 En de kinderen van Dan richtten voor zich dat gesneden beeld op; en Jonathan, de zoon van Gersom, den zoon van Manasse, hij en zijn zonen waren priesters voor den stam der Danieten, tot den dag toe, dat het land gevankelijk is weggevoerd.

31 Alzo stelden zij onder zich het gesneden beeld van Micha, dat hij gemaakt had, al de dagen, dat het huis Gods te Silo was.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Hemel en Hel 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 14:14, 31:30, 34

Exodus 4:18

Leviticus 26:1

Numeri 13:21, 14:7

Deuteronomium 8:7, 9, 33:22, 34:1

Jozua 2:2, 23, 24, 15:9, 18:1, 3, 19:28, 47

Rechters 1:34, 13:25, 17:1, 4, 6, 10, 12, 13, 18:7, 29

I Samuël 6:21, 9:9, 17:18, 22

II Samuël 10:6

I Koningen 12:29, 15:20, 22:3

2 Koningen 15:29, 17:18, 20, 22, 23

1 Kronieken 4:40

2 Kronieken 25:15

Jesaja 56:11

Hosea 4:12

Romeinen 16:18

Významy biblických slov

dagen
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

wonen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

stammen
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

vijf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

stem
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

weten
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

voorspoedig
'To be made to prosper' signifies being provided for. Which is why 'Jehovah made it prosper in his hand' means Divine Providence. 

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

schande
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

broeders
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

ziet
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

goed
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

komt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

komen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

gebrek
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

aarde
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

achter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

huizen
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

terafim
There are three universal kinds of idolatry; the first is grounded in self-love, the second in the love of the world, and the third in...

beeld
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

mannen
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

deur
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vee
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

horen
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

woonden
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

geboren
In algemene zin vertegenwoordigt het "geboren worden" in de Bijbel de ene geestelijke toestand die een andere voortbrengt, meestal een vorm van liefde of genegenheid...

jonathan
There is little direct teaching about Jonathan in Swedenborg. He is the son of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel: 9-10) and the...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Gersom
Gershom, as in Exodus 18:3, denotes the quality of the good of truth among those who are without the church.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

zonen
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
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