Joshua 13

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1 Da Josua var blevet gammel og til Års, sagde HE EN til ham: "Du er blevet gammel og til Års, og der er endnu såre meget tilbage af Landet at indtage.

2 Dette er det Land, som er tilbage: Hele Filisternes Landområde og alle Gesjuriterne,

3 Landet fra Sjihor østen for Ægypten indtil Ekrons Landemærke i Nord det regnes til Kana'anæerne de fem Filisterfyrster i Gaza, Asdod, Askalon, Gat og Ekron, desuden Avviterne

4 mod Syd, hele Kana'anæerlandet fra Meara, som tilhører Zidonierne, indtil Afek og til Amoriternes Landemærke,

5 og det Land, som mod Øst grænser til Libanon fra Ba'al Gad ved Hermonbjergets Fod til Egnen hen imod Hamat.

6 Alle Indbyggerne i Bjerglandet fra Libanon til Misrefot Majim, alle Zidonierne, vil jeg drive bort foran Israeliterne. Tildel kun Israel det som Ejendom, således som jeg har pålagt dig.

7 Udskift derfor dette Land som Ejendom til de halvtiende Stammer." Manasses halve Stamme

8 såvel som ubeniterne og Gaditerne havde nemlig fået deres Arvelod, som Moses gav dem hinsides Jordan, på Østsiden, således som HE ENs Tjener Moses gav dem,

9 fra Aroer ved Arnonflodens Bred og Byen midt nede i Dalen, hele Højsletten fra Medeba til Dibon,

10 alle de Byer, som havde tilhørt Amoriterkongen Sibon, der herskede i Hesjbon, indtil Ammoniternes Landemærke,

11 fremdeles Gilead og Gesjuriternes og Ma'akatiternes Landemærke, hele Hermonbjerget og hele Basan indtil Salka,

12 hele det ige, der havde tilhørt Og af Basan, som herskede i Asjtarot og Edrei, den sidste, der var tilbage af efaiterne; Moses havde overvundet dem alle og drevet dem bort.

13 Men Israeliterne drev ikke Gesjuriterne og Ma'akatiterne bort, så at Gesjur og Ma'akat bor i blandt Israel den Dag i bag.

14 Kun Levis Stamme gav han ingen Arvelod; HE EN, Israels Gud, er hans Arvelod, således som han tilsagde ham.

15 Moses gav ubeniternes Stamme Land, Slægt for Slægt,

16 og de fik deres Område fra Aroer ved Arnonflodens Bred og Byen midt nede i Dalen, hele Højsletten indtil

17 Hesjbon og alle de Byer, som ligger på Højsletten, Dibon, Bamot Ba'al, Bet Ba'al Meon,

18 Jaza, Kedemot, Mefa'at,

19 Kirjatajim, Sibma, Zeret Sjahar på Dalbjerget,

20 Bet-Peor ved Pisgas Skrænter. Bet-Jesjimot

21 og alle de andre Byer på Højsletten og hele det ige, der havde tilhørt Amoriterkongen Sibon, som herskede i Hesjbon, hvem Moses havde overvundet tillige med Midjans Fyrster Evi, ekem, Zur, Hur og eba, der var Sihons Lydkonger og boede i Landet;

22 også Sandsigeren Bileam, Beors Søn, havde Israeliterne dræbt med Sværdet sammen med de andre af dem, der blev slået ihjel.

23 ubeniternes Grænse blev Jordan; den var Grænseskel. Det var ubeniternes Arvelod efter deres Slægter, de nævnte Byer med Landsbyer.

24 Og Moses gav Gads Stamme, Gaditerne, Land, Slægt for Slægt,

25 og de fik følgende Landområde: Jazer og alle Byerne i Gilead og Halvdelen af Ammoniternes Land indtil Aroer, som ligger østen for abba,

26 og Landet fra Hesjbon til amat-Mizpe og Betonim, og fra Mahanajim til Lodebars Landemærke;

27 og i Lavningen Bet-Haram, Bet-Nimra, Sukkot og Zafon, esten af Kong Sihon af Hesjbons ige, med Jordan til Grænse, indtil Enden af Kinnerets Sø, hinsides Jordan, på Østsiden.

28 Det var Gaditernes Arvelod efter deres Slægter: de nævnte Byer med Landsbyer.

29 Og Moses gav Manasses halve Stamme Land, Slægt for Slægt;

30 og deres Landområde strakte sig fra Mahanajim over hele Basan, hele Kong Og af Basans ige og alle Jairs Teltbyer, som ligger i Basan, tresindstyve Byer,

31 Halvdelen af Gilead og Asjtarot og Edre'i, Ogs Kongsbyer i Basan; det gav han Manasses Søn Makirs Sønner, Halvdelen af Makirs Sønner, Slægt for Slægt.

32 Det er alt, hvad Moses udskiftede på Moabs Sletter hinsides Jordan over for Jeriko, på Østsiden.

33 Men Levis Stamme gav Moses ingen Arvelod; HE EN, Israels Gud, er deres Arvelod, således som han tilsagde dem.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

til
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Sjihor
'To drink the waters of Sihor,' as in Jeremiah 2:18, signifies the investigation of spiritual things by the scientific ideas of the natural self.

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

fem
Five also signifies all things of one part.

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

stammer
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

midt
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

herskede
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

Hesjbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

bor
'Inhabit' refers to good.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Levis
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

stamme
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

Bileam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dræbt
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

grænse
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

landsbyer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Jazer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Mahanajim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

Sukkot
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

tresindstyve
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

sletter
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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