Ámos 1

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1 Slova Amosova, (kterýž byl mezi pastýři) z Tekoa, kteráž viděl o Izraelovi za dnů Uziáše krále Judského, a za dnů Jeroboáma syna Joasova, krále Izraelského, dvě létě před země třesením.

2 I řekl: Hospodin řváti bude z Siona, a z Jeruzaléma vydá hlas svůj, i budou kvíliti salášové pastýřů, a vyschnou pole nejvýbornější.

3 Takto praví Hospodin: Pro troji nešlechetnost Damašku, ovšem pro čtveru neodpustím jemu, proto že mlátili Galáda cepami okovanými.

4 Ale pošli oheň na dům Hazaelův, kterýžto zžíře paláce Benadadovy.

5 I polámi závoru Damašku, a vypléním obyvatele z údolí Aven, a toho, kterýž drží berlu, z domu Eden, i půjde v zajetí lid Syrský do Kir, dí Hospodin.

6 Takto praví Hospodin: Pro troji nešlechetnost Gázy, ovšem pro čtveru neslituji se nad ním, proto že je zajímajíce, v zajetí věčné podrobovali Idumejským.

7 Ale pošli oheň na zed Gázy, kterýžto zžíře paláce její,

8 A vypléním obyvatele z Azotu, i toho, kterýž drží berlu, z Aškalon, a obrátím ruku svou proti Akaron, i zahyne ostatek Filistinských, praví Panovník Hospodin.

9 Takto praví Hospodin: Pro troji nešlechetnost Týru, ovšem pro čtveru neodpustím jemu, proto že je v zajetí věčné podrobili Idumejským, a nepamatovali na smlouvu bratrskou.

10 Ale pošli oheň na zed Tyrskou, kterýžto zžíře paláce jeho.

11 Takto praví Hospodin: Pro troji nešlechetnost Edoma, ovšem pro čtveru neslituji se nad ním, proto že udusiv v sobě všecku lítostivost, stihá mečem bratra svého, a hněv jeho ustavičně rozsapává, anobrž vzteklost jeho špehuje bez přestání.

12 Ale pošli oheň na Teman, kterýžto zžíře paláce v Bozra.

13 Toto praví Hospodin: Pro troji nešlechetnost synů Ammon, ovšem pro čtveru neodpustím jemu, proto že roztínali těhotné Galádské, jen aby rozšiřovali pomezí své.

14 Ale zanítím oheň na zdi Rabba, kterýžto zžíře paláce její, s troubením v den boje a s bouří v den vichřice.

15 I půjde král jejich v zajetí, on i knížata jeho s ním, praví Hospodin.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Steve David

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Tajemství nebe 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Tajemství nebe 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

krále
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

syna
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

před
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

řekl
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hospodin
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

hlas
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Damašku
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

oheň
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Dům
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

paláce
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

Gázy
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

hněv
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

bozra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

těhotné
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Rabba
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

den
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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