約書亞記 11

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1 夏瑣耶賓見這事,就打發人去見瑪頓約巴、伸崙、押煞

2 北方地、基尼烈邊的亞拉巴原,並西邊多珥岡的諸

3 又去見東方和西方的迦南人,與地的亞摩利人、赫人、比利洗人、耶布斯人,並黑門根米斯巴地的希未人。

4 這些王和他們的眾軍都出來,人數多如邊的沙,並有許多馬匹車輛。

5 這諸會合,到米倫邊,一同安營,要與以色列人爭戰。

6 耶和華對約書亞:你不要因他們懼怕。明日這時,我必將他們交付以色列人全然殺了。你要砍斷他們的蹄筋,用焚燒他們的車輛。

7 於是約書亞率領一切兵丁,在米倫邊突然向前攻打他們。

8 耶和華將他們交在以色列人裡,以色列人就擊殺他們,追趕他們到西頓大城,到米斯利弗瑪音,直到東邊米斯巴的平原,將他們擊殺,沒有留下一個。

9 約書亞就照耶和華所吩咐他的去行,砍斷他們的蹄筋,用焚燒他們的車輛。

10 當時,約書亞回奪了夏瑣,用刀擊殺夏瑣。(素來夏瑣在這諸國中是為首的。)

11 以色列人用刀擊殺城中的人,將他們盡行殺滅;凡有氣息的沒有留下一個。約書亞又用焚燒夏瑣。

12 約書亞奪了這些的一切城邑,擒獲其中的諸,用刀擊殺他們,將他們盡行殺滅,正如耶和華僕人摩西所吩咐的。

13 至於造在山岡上的城,除了夏瑣以外,以色列人都沒有焚燒。約書亞只將夏瑣焚燒了。

14 那些城邑所有的財物和牲畜,以色列人都取為自己的掠物;惟有一切人都用刀擊殺,直到殺盡;凡有氣息的沒有留下一個。

15 耶和華怎樣吩咐他僕人摩西摩西就照樣吩咐約書亞,約書亞也照樣行。凡耶和華所吩咐摩西的,約書亞沒有一件懈怠不行的。

16 約書亞奪了那全地,就是地、一帶地、歌珊全地、高原、亞拉巴、以色列的地,和下的高原。

17 從上西珥的哈拉,直到黑門利巴嫩平原的巴力迦得,並且擒獲那些地的諸,將他們殺

18 約書亞和這諸爭戰了許多年日。

19 除了基遍的希未人之外,沒有一城與以色列人講和的,都是以色列人爭戰奪來的。

20 因為耶和華的意思是要使他們裡剛硬,來與以色列人爭戰,好叫他們盡被殺滅,不蒙憐憫,正如耶和華所吩咐摩西的

21 當時約書亞到,將住地、希伯崙、底璧、亞拿伯、猶大地、以色列地所有的亞衲族人剪除了。約書亞將他們和他們的城邑盡都毀滅。

22 以色列人的地沒有留下一個亞衲族人,只在迦薩、迦特,和亞實突有留下的。

23 這樣,約書亞照著耶和華所吩咐摩西的一切話奪了那全地,就按著以色列支派的宗族將地分他們為業。於是國中太平,沒有爭戰了。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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