Deuteronomy 20

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1 When you go out to war against other nations, and come face to face with horses and war-carriages and armies greater in number than yourselves, have no fear of them: for the Lord your God is with you, who took you up out of the land of Egypt.

2 And when you are on the point of attacking, let the priest come forward and say to the people,

3 Give ear, O Israel: today you are going forward to the fight; let your heart be strong; do not let uncontrolled fear overcome you because of those who are against you;

4 For the Lord your God goes with you, fighting for you to give you salvation from those who are against you.

5 And let the overseers say to the people, If there is any man who has made for himself a new house and has not gone into it, let him go back to his house, so that in the event of his death in the fight, another may not take his house for himself.

6 Or if any man has made a vine-garden without taking the first-fruits of it, let him go back to his house, so that in the event of his death in the fight, another may not be the first to make use of the fruit.

7 Or if any man is newly married and has had no sex relations with his wife, let him go back to his house, so that in the event of his death in the fight, another man may not take her.

8 And let the overseers go on to say to the people, If there is any man whose heart is feeble with fear, let him go back to his house before he makes the hearts of his countrymen feeble.

9 Then, after saying these words to the people, let the overseers put captains over the army.

10 When you come to a town, before attacking it, make an offer of peace.

11 And if it gives you back an answer of peace, opening its doors to you, then all the people in it may be put to forced work as your servants.

12 If however it will not make peace with you, but war, then let it be shut in on all sides:

13 And when the Lord your God has given it into your hands, let every male in it be put to death without mercy.

14 But the women and the children and the cattle and everything in the town and all its wealth, you may take for yourselves: the wealth of your haters, which the Lord your God has given you, will be your food.

15 So you are to do to all the towns far away, which are not the towns of these nations.

16 But in the towns of these peoples whose land the Lord your God is giving you for your heritage, let no living thing be kept from death:

17 Give them up to the curse; the Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, as the Lord your God has given you orders:

18 So that you may not take them as your example and do all the disgusting things which they do in the worship of their gods, so sinning against the Lord your God.

19 If in war a town is shut in by your armies for a long time, do not let its trees be cut down and made waste; for their fruit will be your food; are the trees of the countryside men for you to take up arms against them?

20 Only those trees which you are certain are not used for food may be cut down and put to destruction: and you are to make walls of attack against the town till it is taken.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 20      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. The soul must not be afraid of evils and falsities when opposed by them in temptations, but must rely upon heaven.

Verses 5-9. Directions for combating with evil and falsity.

Verses 10-15. On contending with doctrines in the external mind that oppose regeneration.

Verses 16-18. But those derived from interior evil to be utterly destroyed.

Verses 19-20. But care to be taken not to destroy any genuine knowledges and perceptions in contending with false doctrines.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1444, 1664, 2913, 6394, 6858, 7111

Apocalypse Revealed 400, 847


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 725, 734, 750, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:20, 21

Exodus 14:13, 20:2, 23:32, 33

Numbers 10:9, 13:29, 14:9, 31:6, 7, 9, 17

Deuteronomy 1:21, 29, 30, 2:26, 35, 4:21, 7:2, 4, 21, 9:3, 12:30, 31, 18:9, 24:4, 5, 28:30, 31:6

Joshua 1:5, 9, 9:9, 10:8, 11, 23:10

Judges 6:12, 16, 7:3, 11:12

1 Samuel 14:23, 17:32

2 Samuel 18:1

1 Kings 5:1, 11:15

2 Kings 3:19, 25

1 Chronicles 14:15

2 Chronicles 10, 32:8

Psalms 33:17, 46:8

Jeremiah 16:14

Zechariah 10:5

1 Corinthians 9:7

Významy biblických slov

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Go out
To go out to meet, as in Genesis 14:17, signifies to submit themselves. To go out, as in Genesis 28:10, signifies to live more remotely....

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

salvation
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

Vine
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

captains
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

army
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

town
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

opening
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

sides
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

wealth
'Wealth' signifies scientific knowledge, as seen in several passages in the Word.

food
To give food, as in Genesis 41:48, signifies to store up.

towns
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

heritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hittite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hivite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

orders
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gods
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

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